|Died||September 24, 1836
Caney Creek, Matagorda County, Texas
|Citizenship||U.S. and Republic of Texas|
|Known for||Texas Declaration of Independence
Constitution of the Republic of Texas
|Spouse(s)||Rebecca Amanda Wilson|
|Children||Sameul Wilson Hardeman
Bailey Hardeman (1795–1836) was the first Secretary of the Treasury for the Republic of Texas.
Bailey was a younger son of Thomas Hardeman and his first wife Mary Perkins. Both families were early settlers in Tidewater Virginia. Thomas Hardeman was a Revolutionary War soldier and served for years as a representative from Davidson County when it was the Territory South of the River Ohio, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Bailey served as a First Lieutenant in the War of 1812. Hardeman County, Tennessee, was named for his brother, Colonel Thomas Jones Hardeman.
Hardeman County, Texas, was named for the brothers, Bailey and Thomas Hardeman. Both were part of the first Republic of Texas government.
On 20 January 1820 Bailey Hardeman married Rebecca Amanda Wilson in Williamson County, Tennessee. The couple had five children: Sameul Wilson Hardeman (1821), John (1823), Emeline (1825), Catherine (1829), and Thomas (1831). Of these only Samuel W. Hardeman would live to adulthood and have offspring.
Bailey, like several of his brothers and brothers-in-law, had various financial interests included trade into Mexico. The interest in trade with Mexico may have prompted his move to the Tejas area in 1835. Bailey and his small family settled in Matagorda County. It was almost natural for him to fall into a leadership roll in the local politics given his experience in Tennessee. On 28 Nov 1835 General Council of the Provisional Government of Texas elected him one of the commissioners to organize the militia for Matagorda Municipality.
Upon his arrival at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836, he was appointed to a twenty-one-member committee to draw up a constitution for the Republic of Texas. The resulting Constitution was approved in mid-March. The delegates elected him Secretary of the Treasury.
Bailey Hardeman was one of the committee of five elected to draft a Declaration of Independence from Mexico on 2 May 1836. He was also one of the fifty-nine signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence.