Bailianhe Pumped Storage Power Station
|Bailianhe Pumped Storage Power Station|
|Owner(s)||State Grid Xinyuan Co Ltd|
|Pumped-storage power station|
|Upper reservoir||Bailianhe Upper Reservoir|
|Upper res. capacity||24,960,000 m3 (20,235 acre·ft)|
|Lower reservoir||Bailianhe Reservoir|
|Lower res. capacity||1,232,000,000 m3 (998,799 acre·ft)|
|Hydraulic head||195 m (640 ft)|
|Pump-generators||4 x 300 MW (400,000 hp) Francis pump turbines|
|Nameplate capacity||1,200 MW (1,600,000 hp)|
|Annual output||967 million kWh|
The Bailianhe Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station located 58 kilometres (36 mi) east of Huanggang in Hubei Province, China. It was constructed between 2004 and 2009 and has a 1,200 megawatts (1,600,000 hp) installed capacity. The power station operates by shifting water between an upper and lower reservoir to generate electricity. For this project, only the upper reservoir had to be created as an existing reservoir, the Bailianhe Reservoir, was used as the lower. During periods of low energy demand, such as at night, water is pumped from Bailianhe Reservoir up to the upper reservoir. When energy demand is high, the water is released back down to the lower reservoir but the pump turbines that pumped the water up now reverse mode and serve as generators to produce electricity. The process is repeated as necessary and the plant serves as a peaking power plant.
The Bailianhe Upper Reservoir was created with the construction of a 59.4-metre (195 ft) tall concrete-face rock-fill dam. It has a crest length of 300 metres (980 ft) and can storage up to 24,960,000 m3 (20,235 acre·ft) of which 16,630,000 cubic metres (13,480 acre·ft) can be used for power generation. The lower Bailianhe Reservoir was constructed on the Lotus River in the 1960s and was created by an embankment dam. It has a storage capacity of 1,232,000,000 cubic metres (999,000 acre·ft). The power station contains four 300 megawatts (400,000 hp) Francis pump turbines and the change in elevation between the upper and lower reservoirs affords a rated hydraulic head of 195 metres (640 ft). While generating electricity, the pump-generators produce 967 million kWh annually but consume 1,289 kWh when pumping. Pumping when energy is low in demand and cheap helps cover the excess cost.
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