A bailie or baillie is a civic officer in the local government of Scotland. The position arose in the burghs, where bailies formerly held a post similar to that of an alderman or magistrate (see bailiff). Modern bailies exist in Scottish local councils, with the position being a courtesy title and appointees often requested to provide support to the Lord Provost or Provost - the ceremonial and civic head of the council - in their various engagements.
The jurisdiction of a bailie is called a bailiary (alt. bailiery).
The office of bailie was abolished in law in Scotland in 1975, and today the position of bailie is a courtesy title.
- Aberdeen City Council - appoints five bailies.
- Dundee City Council - appoints five bailies. The position was reintroduced in 2003.
- Edinburgh City Council - appoints six bailies. The position was reintroduced in the 2000s following the title falling into disuse after the 1975 reform of local government.
- Glasgow City Council - appoints seventeen bailies.
- Stirling District Council - appoints four bailies  />
- West Dunbartonshire Council - revived the title in 2017 to appoint to veteran councillor Denis Agnew.
Notable Scottish bailies
As a title
- Alasdair MacMhaighstir Alasdair, Bailie of Canna
- Mary Barbour, Glasgow Corporation's first woman Baillie (1924-1927)
- Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, Bailie of Inverie, Knoydart
- Dr George Coull FRSE, Bailie of Edinburgh
- Sir John Lauder, 1st Baronet, Bailie of Edinburgh
- Sir James Steel, 1st Baronet (1829–1904), Bailie of Edinburgh from 1888-1900
- Thomas Watt, Bailie to the Baron of Cartsburn, grandfather of James Watt
- Bailie William Landale, winner of the silver cup at the first open championship held at St Andrews Old Course in 1754, see Timeline of golf history (1353-1850)
- "Baillie Vass" - the Aberdeen Evening Express accidentally used a picture of Sir Alec Douglas-Home over a caption referring to a baillie called Vass. Private Eye then affected to believe that Home was an imposter.
As a surname
- Alexander Baillie - internationally recognised cellist, born 1956.
- David Baillie - Writer, born in West Lothian, known for comicbook work such as 2000 AD and Red Thorn.
- Jackie Baillie - Member of the Scottish Parliament for Dumbarton.
- Jim Baillie - Scottish footballer
- Thomas Baillie - Royal Navy officer known for a celebrated libel case.
- William Baillie - Irish print maker.
Scottish barons often appointed a Bailie as their judicial officer.
- Burgess (title)
- Glasgow Bailie, a type of salted herring, which is also sometimes known as a "Glasgow Magistrate"
- Bailie Nicol Jarvie, a brand of whisky named after a fictional character in Sir Walter Scott's novel Rob Roy
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Page not found". glasgow.gov.uk. Archived from the original on September 15, 2009.
- News Items
- "Support for the Lord Provost and Elected Members". dundeecity.gov.uk.
- "Bailie suits bill for elbowing out city defector Cardownie". scotsman.com.
- "Page not found". glasgow.gov.uk. Archived from the original on February 7, 2011.
- https://my.stirling.gov.uk/services/council-and-government/politicians-elections-and-democracy/council-general-information/provost-lord-provost-general-information. Missing or empty
- Foulds, Jenny (18 May 2017). "New West Dunbartonshire Council administration revealed". Daily Record. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- Rodger, Richard (23 September 2004). "Steel, Sir James, baronet (1829–1904)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)