Market place and belfry of Bailleul
|Canton||Bailleul-Nord-Est and Bailleul-Sud-Ouest|
|Intercommunality||Monts de Flandres - Plaine de la Lys|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Michel Giloen|
|Area1||43.42 km2 (16.76 sq mi)|
|• Density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||59043 / 59270|
|Elevation||14–86 m (46–282 ft)
(avg. 44 m or 144 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
|Population of Bailleul since 1793|
|The arms of Bailleul are blazoned :
Gules, a cross vair.'
The inhabitants of Bailleul celebrate carnival with five days of processions and other festivities. The carnival has taken place since 1853, when the Philanthropic Company of Bailleul was founded. During the event, a search takes place for the needy ones of the city. The Gargantua Giant chairs the festivities, seated on his float and accompanied by his kitchen boys.
At the end of Shrove Tuesday, after the final procession of around 50 floats, with local groups, brass bands and plenty of confetti, Doctor Francisco Piccolissimo tries to cure the excesses of some inhabitants in an unconventional way in front of the town hall, and the festival continues late into the night in the town's cafés and bars.
Points of interest
Bailleul has a railway station on the line from Lille to Calais and Dunkirk.
Bailleul is twinned with:
- Werne (Germany) since 1967
- Hawick, Scotland (UK) since 1973
- Izegem (Belgium) since 1992
- Yaka (Togo)
- Kyritz (Germany) since 2012
- Edmond de Coussemaker
- Pharaon de Winter, painter
- Marguerite Yourcenar, academic
- Jean Delobel, politician
- Michel Delebarre, politician
- Bruno Dumont, director and filmmaker
- Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem, Biologist and botanist born in Bailleul in 1839
- Jean-Luc Samyn, jockey in American thoroughbred racing
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