Bainbridge, Georgia

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Bainbridge, Georgia
City of Bainbridge
Bainbridge City Hall
Bainbridge City Hall
Motto: "Georgia's First Inland Port"[1]
Location in Decatur County and the state of Georgia
Location in Decatur County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 30°54′17″N 84°34′16″W / 30.90472°N 84.57111°W / 30.90472; -84.57111Coordinates: 30°54′17″N 84°34′16″W / 30.90472°N 84.57111°W / 30.90472; -84.57111
Country United States
State Georgia
County Decatur
 • Mayor Edward Reynolds
 • City 18.9 sq mi (48.9 km2)
 • Land 17.7 sq mi (45.9 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
Elevation 121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 12,697
 • Density 620.2/sq mi (239.7/km2)
 • Metro 29,890
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 39817,39819
Area code(s) 229
FIPS code 13-04896[2]
GNIS feature ID 0354431[3]
Website City of Bainbridge Georgia Website

Bainbridge is a city in Decatur County, Georgia, United States. The city is the county seat of Decatur County.[5]

As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 12,697.[6]


The town was named after U.S. Navy Commodore William Bainbridge,[7] and was incorporated on December 22, 1829.[4]

In 1824, Bainbridge was designated seat of the newly formed Decatur County.[8]


Bainbridge is located at 30°54′17″N 84°34′16″W / 30.90472°N 84.57111°W / 30.90472; -84.57111 (30.904846, -84.571013).[9] The city is located in southwestern Georgia along U.S. Routes 27 and 84, which form a bypass around the southern part of the city. Bainbridge is located approximately 37 mi (60 km) northwest of Tallahassee, Florida; 77 mi (124 km) west of Valdosta; and 53 mi (85 km) east-southeast of Dothan, Alabama.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.9 square miles (49.0 km2), of which 17.7 square miles (45.8 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (6.15%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,869
1870 1,351 −27.7%
1880 1,436 6.3%
1890 1,668 16.2%
1900 2,641 58.3%
1910 4,217 59.7%
1920 4,792 13.6%
1930 6,141 28.2%
1940 6,352 3.4%
1950 7,562 19.0%
1960 12,714 68.1%
1970 10,887 −14.4%
1980 10,553 −3.1%
1990 10,712 1.5%
2000 11,722 9.4%
2010 12,697 8.3%
Est. 2014 12,496 [10] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 11,722 people, 4,444 households, and 3,013 families residing in the city. The population density was 255.6/km² (661.8/sq mi, Georgia average is 141.4/sq mi, U.S. average is 79.6/sq mi). There were 5,051 housing units at an average density of 285.2 per square mile (110.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.34% African American (Georgia 28.7%, U.S. 12.3%), 47.48% White (Georgia 65.1%, U.S. 75.1%), 0.12% Native American (Georgia 0.3%, U.S. 0.9%), 0.64% Asian (Georgia 2.1%, U.S. 3.6%), 0.02% Pacific Islander (Georgia 0.1%, U.S. 0.1%), 0.78% from other races (Georgia 2.4%, U.S. 5.5%), and 0.61% from two or more races (Georgia 1.4%, U.S. 2.4%). 2.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (Georgia 5.3%, U.S. 12.5%).

There were 4,444 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 24.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

Historic home in Bainbridge.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,869, and the median income for a family was $30,557. Males had a median income of $28,918 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,589. About 24.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

River Town Days is held each year the second weekend of March.

The Swine Time Festival and Decatur County Fall Festival and Fair are annual events.[4]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The Decatur County Courthouse was constructed in 1902, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]


Decatur County School District[edit]

The Decatur County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of five elementary schools, two middle schools, and a high school.[12] The district has 384 full-time teachers and over 5,782 students.[13]

  • Elcan-King Elementary School
  • John Johnson Elementary School
  • Jones-Wheat Elementary School
  • Potter Street Elementary School
  • West Bainbridge Elementary School
  • Bainbridge Middle School
  • Hutto Middle School
  • Bainbridge High School
  • Bainbridge State College
  • Grace Christian Academy



The city is a seaport linked to the Gulf of Mexico via Florida's Apalachicola River. Officially known as Port Bainbridge, these facilities are managed entirely by the Georgia Ports Authority.

The Decatur County Industrial Air Park, located 6 miles (9.7 km) northwest of the city, provides general aviation service to the community.

Notable people[edit]

  • J. D. Salinger novelist; was stationed at the Bainbridge Army Air Base from August 1942 to May 1943 and wrote several short stories during his stay [14]


  1. ^ "City of Bainbridge Georgia Website". City of Bainbridge Georgia Website. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Bainbridge". Georgia Department of Community Affairs. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ Decatur County was created in 1823 from portions of Early County. The county was named in honor of Commodore Stephen Decatur who defeated the Barbary Coast pirates at Tripoli in 1815. Bainbridge, the county seat, was named for Commodore William Bainbridge, commander of the U.S. Constitution, "Old Ironsides." The Decatur County area was the site of several battles between Indians and early settlers. In the early 1700s, both the Spanish and English fought with Creek Indians. In 1818, General Andrew Jackson led troops from Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia to victory over the Seminole Indians. Decatur County is divided by the Flint River, which flows to meet the Chattahoochee. Together they form the Apalachicola River which flows to the Gulf of Mexico. At the junction of the two rivers, the Jim Woodruff Dam forms Lake Seminole. A system of locks at the dam allows barge traffic to travel between the inland port at Bainbridge and the Gulf of Mexico. The limestone aquifer underlying Decatur County is broken in many places, encouraging the formation of caves and lime sinks-one at Curry's Mill is almost 700 feet wide and reaches a depth of 102 feet. Decatur County is the nation's leader in the production of Fuller's Earth, a type of clay with varied chemical uses. Once used for bleaching petroleum and cleaning grease out of wool, Fuller's Earth is currently used as cat litter and as an additive to insecticides and cements. Lake Seminole is widely regarded as one of the nation's best lakes for large mouth bass fishing. In addition, local anglers fish for striped and white bass, catfish, crappy, and bream. Also, Lake Seminole is popular among area duck hunters.
  7. ^ "Profile for Bainbridge, Georgia, GA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 220. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  13. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  14. ^ Slawenski, Kenneth. J. D. Salinger: A Life. New York: Random House, ISBN 978-1-4000-6951-4

External links[edit]