Bainton, Cambridgeshire

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Bainton
Bainton village cross - geograph.org.uk - 1513560.jpg
Bainton village cross
Bainton is located in Cambridgeshire
Bainton
Bainton
Bainton shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 305 
OS grid reference TF094060
• London 79 miles (127 km)
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Stamford
Postcode district PE9
Dialling code 01780
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°38′42″N 0°22′58″W / 52.6450°N 0.3828°W / 52.6450; -0.3828Coordinates: 52°38′42″N 0°22′58″W / 52.6450°N 0.3828°W / 52.6450; -0.3828
Signpost in Bainton

Bainton is a village and civil parish in the City of Peterborough unitary authority in Cambridgeshire, England. Bainton is on the southern edge of the Welland valley and lies 7.4 miles (11.9 km) north-west of Peterborough and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Stamford. Ashton is a neighbouring hamlet and lies approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Bainton within the same civil parish. At the time of the 2001 census the parish's population was 305 people [1] and by the 2011 census the parish's population was 290 people.[2]

History[edit]

Formerly known as Badingtun (Old English meaning "estate associated with a man called Bada"), some form of settlement existed in c.980[3] but was not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.

At the south-east of the parish of Bainton and adjacent to the nearby village of Helpston is the site of Torpel Manor which is a series of medieval and later earthworks that are a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[4]

The medieval village cross called the Butter Cross is Grade I listed, as is the parish church which is dedicated to St Mary. The church of St Mary dates back to the early 13th century, with additions such as the tower and spire which are 14th century.[5] The church includes a monument by Sir Richard Westmacott to Mary Henson who died in 1805.[6] The bell tower contains four bells but these are not able to be rung currently.[7]

Bainton House used to be the home of the Birkbeck family and is a Grade II listed manor house dating back to the 16th century

Transport[edit]

Bainton lies on the B1443.

To the north of Bainton, the Bainton Gate railway station briefly served the village between 1846 and its closure in 1856. The nearest railway station is at Stamford 4 miles (6.4 km) to the east.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office for National Statistics: Area: Bainton (Parish), Key Figures for 2001 Census.". Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "Office for National Statistics: Area: Bainton (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census". Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Mills, David (2011). A Dictionary of British Placenames. Oxford University Press. p. 29. ISBN 019960908X. 
  4. ^ Torpel Manor Research Project
  5. ^ "Bainton, St Mary". English Church Architecture. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "English Heritage Listing text". Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Bainton, St Mary". Peterborough Diocesan Guild of Church Bellringers. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bainton, Cambridgeshire at Wikimedia Commons