Bairi Tibetan Autonomous County

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Bairi County

དཔའ་རིས་བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང༌། · 天祝藏族自治县
Bairi Tibetan Autonomous County
Bairi County (red) within Wuwei City (yellow) and Gansu
Bairi County (red) within Wuwei City (yellow) and Gansu
Coordinates: 36°58′18″N 103°08′31″E / 36.9718°N 103.1419°E / 36.9718; 103.1419Coordinates: 36°58′18″N 103°08′31″E / 36.9718°N 103.1419°E / 36.9718; 103.1419
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityWuwei
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Bairi (Tianzhu) Tibetan Autonomous County (Tibetan: དཔའ་རིས་བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང༌།, Wylie: dpa'a-ris bod-rigs rang-skyong rdzong/, ZYPY: Bairi Poirig Ranggyong Zong; Chinese: 天祝藏族自治县; pinyin: Tiānzhù Zàngzú Zìzhìxiàn) is in the prefecture-level city of Wuwei in the central part of Gansu province, China, bordering Qinghai province to the south and west. It has an area of 7,147 km2 (2,759 sq mi) and approximately 230,000 inhabitants (2003). Its administrative seat is the town of Huazangsi.


The Chinese name "Tianzhu" was named by a Tibetan Luo Haoxue in 1936, combining name of the largest lamasery in the County (天堂寺) and the Zhugong lamasery (祝贡寺).[1]

The Tibetan name Bairi (དཔའ་རིས།) is pronounced Bairi in Standard Tibetan, and pronounced Hwari in the local Amdo Tibetan.

An alternative Tibetan name is Tenzhu (ཐེན་ཀྲུའུ།), which is a transcription of the Chinese name Tianzhu.


Ethnic groups in Tianzhu, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 139,190 62.88%
Tibetan 66,125 29.87%
Tu 12,633 5.71%
Hui 1,986 0.9%
Mongol 961 0.43%
Manchu 213 0.1%
Dongxiang 90 0.04%
Uyghur 40 0.02%
Miao 23 0.01%
Others 86 0.04%


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2012-01-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 2. The Gansu and Sichuan Parts of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3