Baise

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Baise

百色市Bwzswz SiSingz Baksaek
Baise in 2013
Baise in 2013
Location of Baise in Guangxi
Location of Baise in Guangxi
Baise is located in China
Baise
Baise
Location in China
Coordinates (Baise municipal government): 23°54′11″N 106°37′08″E / 23.903°N 106.619°E / 23.903; 106.619Coordinates: 23°54′11″N 106°37′08″E / 23.903°N 106.619°E / 23.903; 106.619
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
County-level divisions1 district
1 county-level city
9 counties
1 autonomous county
Municipal seatYoujiang District
Area
 • Total36,252 km2 (13,997 sq mi)
Elevation
137 m (449 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,826,300
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Postal code
530000
Area code(s)0776
ISO 3166 codeCN-GX-10
Licence plate prefixes桂L
Websitebaise.gov.cn
Baise
Chinese name
Chinese百色
Literal meaninghundred colours
Zhuang name
ZhuangBaksaek
1957 orthographyBɯƨsɯƨ

Baise (Chinese: 百色; pinyin: Bǎisè, Bósè; local pronunciation: paːk˧˥ ɬɐk˥), or Bose, is the westernmost prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China bordering Vietnam as well as the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan. The name is from Youjiang Zhuang Baksaek, meaning "in, or blocking, a mountain pass".

Geography and climate[edit]

Baise (labelled as PAI-SE (POSEH) 百色) (1954)

Baise is located in western-northwestern Guangxi bordering Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Guizhou) to the north, Qujing and Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan to the west, the Vietnamese provinces of Hà Giang and Cao Bằng to the south and southwest, and the Guangxi cities of Hechi to the northeast/east, Nanning to the east, and Chongzuo to the southeast. It is centrally located between three provincial capitals: Nanning, Kunming, and Guiyang. Its area is 36,252 km2 (13,997 sq mi) and is more than 55% forested.

Baise has a monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild, and dry winters, and long, very hot and humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.5 °C (56.3 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, for an annual mean of 22.12 °C (71.8 °F). Rainfall is low compared to more easterly locations in Guangxi, averaging around 1,067 mm (42 in) per annum, a majority of which occurs from June to August. There are 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually. Significant temperature variation exists in the prefecture; the western parts, with an average elevation surpassing 500 m (1,640 ft), lie along the southeastern fringes of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, and hold a climate similar to that of central Yunnan, with much more moderate summer temperatures. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 25% in January and February to 49% in August, the city receives 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually.

History[edit]

The name of the city Baise is a Chinese transliteration of its original name in Youjiang Zhuang language, Baksaek, which probably means jammed gap (literally mouth(bak) blocked (saek)). Baise is young by Chinese standards and was founded as a town in 1730. It is the town where Deng Xiaoping, Chen Haoren and other leaders of the Chinese Communist Party organized an uprising against the Nationalist government on December 11, 1929. The uprising was also named Youjiang Rebellion.

Administration[edit]

Baise has 2 districts, 2 County-level city, 7 counties, and 1 autonomous county.

District:

County-level city:

Counties:

Autonomous County:

Map

Demographics[edit]

Baise's population was 3,826,300(2010).[4] 80% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han, Yao, Miao, Hui, and other ethnic groups.[5]

English Name Simplified Pinyin Zhuang Area Population(2010 )
Youjiang District 右江区 Yòujiāng Qū Yougyangh Gih 3,713 320,100( Zhuang people is 235,000, 2010)
Tianyang District 田阳区 Tiányáng Qū Denzyangz Gih 2,394 338,300 (90.20% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Jingxi City 靖西市 Jìngxī Shì Cingsae Si 3,322 605,100 (99.71% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Tiandong County 田东县 Tiándōng Xiàn Denzdoeng Yen 2,816 411,500 (85.22% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Pingguo County 平果县 Píngguǒ Xiàn Bingzgoj Yen 2,485 470,800 (90.62% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Debao County 德保县 Débǎo Xiàn Dwzbauj Yen 2,575 350,800 (97.82% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Napo County 那坡县 Nàpō Xiàn Nazboh Yen 2,230 195,600 (90.59% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Lingyun County 凌云县 Língyún Xiàn Lingzyinz Yen 2,053 193,600 (33.13% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Leye County 乐业县 Lèyè Xiàn Lozyez Yen 2,617 167,100 (50.09% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Tianlin County 田林县 Tiánlín Xiàn Denzlaem Yen 5,577 243,700 (63.06% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xilin County 西林县 Xīlín Xiàn Saelaem Yen 2,955 151,200 (66.14% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County 隆林各族自治县 Lónglín Gèzú Zìzhìxiàn Xiàn Lungzlaem Gozcuz Swci Yen 3,542 378,500 (53.68% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
  • These figures are based on the following official statistics:

[6]

Economy[edit]

Baise is one of China's most important producers of aluminum with both aluminum ore mining and aluminum product manufacturing. Baise's tropical climate make it a major food producer, especially fruits. Other natural resources include forest products, petroleum, natural gas, copper, and quartz. Baise is also Guangxi's third biggest producer of hydropower with 5 million kilowatts produced annually. Baise is also famous for mangoes .

Tourism[edit]

Baise is blessed with beautiful natural scenery. Forested mountains harbor numerous species of plants and animals. The border areas are some of the least developed lands left in China. These features along with unique ethnic minority culture and important historical sites make it a growing tourist destination.[7]

Transportation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 September 2019. 字詞 【百色縣】 注音 ㄅㄛˊ ㄙㄜˋ ㄒㄧㄢˋ 漢語拼音 bó sè xiàn 釋義 縣名。在廣西壯族自治區西部,今為百色市右江區。位於澄碧河入右江之口。陸路北通貴州,西通雲南,為三省區交通要衝。
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  4. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010/China Statistical Information Network Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine(in Chinese)
  5. ^ Official website of Baise Government(in Chinese)
  6. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010/China Statistical Information Network Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-12-13(in Chinese)
  7. ^ Baise Tourism - Official website of Baise Government(in Chinese)

External links[edit]