Baix

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Baix
The Chapel of Saint Joseph
The Chapel of Saint Joseph
Baix is located in France
Baix
Baix
Coordinates: 44°42′47″N 4°45′53″E / 44.7131°N 4.7647°E / 44.7131; 4.7647Coordinates: 44°42′47″N 4°45′53″E / 44.7131°N 4.7647°E / 44.7131; 4.7647
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ardèche
Arrondissement Privas
Canton Chomérac
Intercommunality Barrès-Coiron
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Yves Boyer
Area1 17.39 km2 (6.71 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,034
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 07022 / 07210
Elevation 76–457 m (249–1,499 ft)
(avg. 94 m or 308 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baix is a French commune in the Ardèche department in the Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baixois or Baixoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Baix is located some 30 km south by south-west of Valence and 25 km north-east of Aubenas. Access to the commune is by the D86 road from Le Pouzin in the north which passes through the commune and the town and continues south to Cruas. The D22 branches off the D86 just inside the northern border of the commune and goes west to Chomérac. The commune is mostly forested but with farmland in the north-western third of the commune.[2]

The Rhône river forms the eastern border of the commune and the department as it flows south however there is no crossing point in the commune. The nearest crossing point is at Le Pouzin 5 km north. Numerous streams rise in the commune and flow east to the Rhone including La Payre, the Ravin de Roux, the Ravin de Saint-Pierre, the Ruisseau de Notre-Dame, the Ravin de Besset, the Ruisseau de Cournairet, the Ruisseau de Sainte-Euphémie, with the Ruisseau de Sichier forming the southern border of the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Panorama of the town

History[edit]

The banks of the Rhone at Baix have been occupied since Roman times.

Many islands existed at the level of the plain of the Payre river which allowed for fords across the Rhone.

There was a Greco-Roman town between Le Pouzin and Baix which was at the junction between the Antoninus Pius Roman way on the right bank of the Rhône and the Via Agrippa on the left bank. It is possible that Hannibal, advancing out of Spain, crossed the Rhône at this place with his elephants in about 218 BC before crossing the Alps.

The name of this town was Batiana meaning "easy passage", a name probably given by a Phoenician colony to indicate the ease that of crossing the Rhone in this place (batos = easy or feasible with ana = crossing) thanks to number of islands in the river at this point.

Batiana had a ferry to cross the Rhône and a horse relay.

The town lay on both banks of the river and perhaps also in the islands. As an obligatory place of passage, Batiana had to endure numerous invasions and destruction. It survived until the invasion of the Vandals in 411. The population of Batiana escaped the massacre and returned after an unknown time to rebuild the town on the ruins left by the Vandals. This new town was destroyed again in 735 by the Saracens who ravaged the entire Rhône Valley to Lyon at that time.

A new Batiana emerged from the ruins. The new population of Latin origin were not the same people as the former Phoenician population who abandoned their former homes and settled north of the Ouvèze at Le Pouzin leaving the Greek people in the south on the right bank of the Rhône at Baix.

The town was sheltered behind fortifications. To the south Baios (Baix) was created and Pusillus (Le Pouzin) to the north. Baios was first called Bacium, then Bacxus, Bays sur Bays, then finally Baix.

The remains of buildings and several ceramic tile graves have been uncovered around the Chapel of Saint Euphémie.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1760 Charles André Bouvier
2001 2014 Alain Laurent
2014 2020 Yves Boyer

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,034 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
974 829 1,061 1,254 1,314 1,363 1,322 1,288 1,336
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,290 1,313 1,225 1,233 1,208 1,088 1,055 993 970
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
887 854 841 801 741 683 643 575 607
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
643 609 546 961 748 822 1,010 1,034 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Baix

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has several buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • La Cardinale Inn (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Clock Tower (1600)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Louis XVI Fountain and Lavoir (Puvblic laundry) (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
Other sites of interest
  • Old Renaissance Houses
  • The Rhone floodway to feed the centre of Logis-Neuf
  • The Géronton Stadium

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Croix Rouge Wayside Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument[7]
Other religious sites
  • The Church of Sainte-Euphémie which has been frequently altered
  • The Chapel of Saint Joseph

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Archaeological Map of Roman Gaul, André Blanc, fascicule XV, CNRS, 1975, p 66, article No. 78 on the Chapel of Sainte-Euphémie.

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardèche (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116637 La Cardinale Inn (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116640 Clock Tower (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116639 Fountain and Lavoir (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116638 Croix Rouge (French)