Baji Prabhu Deshpande

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Baji Prabhu Deshpande
Baji Prabhu Deshpande Statue in Panhala Fort.jpg
Baji Prabhu Deshpande Statue in Panhala Fort
Minister to Shivaji
Sardar of Ambarnath
Born est. 1615
Parde 2, Shind, Ta. Bhor
Died 1660
Pavan Khind at Vishalgadh
(Kolhapur District, Maharashtra)

Baji Prabhu Deshpande (c. 1615-1660) was a general and commander for Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha empire. The well celebrated legend of Baji Prabhu is intricately linked with an important rear guard battle enabling Shivaji's escape from Panhala fort; he was the hero who sacrificed his life for his king.

Baji Prabhu had mastered the art of using a weapon called "Dand Patta".

Early life[edit]

Baji Prabhu was 15 years elder to Shivaji, this means he was born around 1615. He was born in a Marathi CKP family.[1]

Battle of Pavan Khind[edit]

Shivaji and Baji Prabhu at Pavan Khind

After defeating Afzal Khan and the route of the Bijapuri army at Pratapgad, Shivaji continued to push deep into Bijapuri territory. Within a few days, the Marathas captured Panhala fort (near the city of Kolhapur). Meanwhile, another Maratha force, led by Netaji Palkar, pushed straight on towards Bijapur. Bijapur repulsed this attack, forcing Shivaji, some of his commanders and soldiers to retreat to Panhala fort.

The Bijapuri force was led by Siddhi Johar, an Abyssinian general. Discovering Shivaji's location, Johar laid siege to Panhala. Netaji Palkar made repeated attempts to break the Bijapuri siege from outside, but these failed.

Finally, a very audacious and high-risk plan was hatched and put into action: Shivaji, Baji Prabhu Deshpande with a select band of troops would attempt to break through the siege at the night, and make for Vishalgadh. In order to deceive the Bijapuri forces, who would give a chase once they found that Shivaji had broken the siege, Shiva Nhavi, who had an uncanny physical resemblance to Shivaji, volunteered to dress like the king and let himself be captured.

On a stormy full moon's night (night of Guru Pournima, Ashadh Paurnima) a band of 600 select men, led by Baji Prabhu and Shivaji, broke through the siege. They were hotly pursued by the Bijapuri force. As planned, Shiva Nhavi allowed himself to be captured and taken back to the Bijapuri camp, fully comprehending that he would be put to death once the charade was discovered. This sacrifice, however, gave the fleeing Maratha force some breathing space.

As soon as the Bijapuri force realized their mistake, the chase was on again, led by Siddhi Masood, the son-in-law of Siddhi Johar. Near the pass of Ghodkhind (Horse's Pass), the Marathas made a final stand. Shivaji and half of the Maratha force pushed for Vishalgadh, while Baji Prabhu, his brother Phulaji and the remaining Bandal Sena of about 300 men blocked the pass and fought against 10000 Vijapur soldiers in the Ghodkhind Pass for more than 18 hours.

Tradition and legend describe feats of valour displayed by the Marathas during this rear-guard action. Through the entire battle, Baji Prabhu, even though grievously injured, continued fighting, inspiring his men to fight on until Shivaji's safe journey to Vishalgadh was signaled by the firing of three cannon volleys. It should be mentioned that when Shivaji approached Vishalgad with 300 men, the fort was already under siege by Bijapuri sardars named Suryarao Surve and Jaswantrao Dalvi. Shivaji with his 300 men had to defeat Surve to reach the fort.


The Ghodkhind pass was subsequently named Pavan Khind ("Holy Pass") (Marathi: पावन खिंड) by Shivaji, in honor of the sacrifice of Baji Prabhu and his troops. Shivaji honoured Baji Prabhu's family with "maanache pahile paan" ("Honor of the Court") (Marathi: मानाचे पहिले पान).[2]

A street is named after him in Thane and Ambarnath, India, and a film based his story was made in 1929.[3] A square is named after Baji Prabhu Deshpande in Dombivali city (District Thane - Maharashtra).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kantak, M. R. (1978). "The Political Role of Different Hindu Castes and Communities in Maharashtra in the Foundation of the Shivaji's Swarajya". Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. 38 (1): 46. JSTOR 42931051. 
  2. ^ "Bajiprabhu Deshpande - Profile". Maharashtra Navnirman Sena. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Baji Prabhu Deshpande - Film". IMDb. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 

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