Bajo Pivljanin

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Bajo Pivljanin
Bajo Pivljanin ubija Turčina.jpg
Bajo Pivljanin kills a Turk, by Aksentije Marodić (1878)
Birth name Bajo Nikolić
Nickname(s) Pivljanin
Born Piva, Republic of Venice
Died May 1685
Vrtijeljka, near Cetinje, Old Montenegro
Allegiance  Republic of Venice
Years of service 1669–1685
Rank harambaša (Serbian)
leader of the brigands[1] (English translation)
Battles/wars

Bajo Pivljanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Бајо Пивљанин;[a] fl. 1669 – died May 1685) was a noted hajduk (brigand, rebel) commander, serving the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire. He participated in the Cretan War and in numerous operations in the Bay of Kotor and Venetian Dalmatia, of which he is enumerated in Serb epic poetry.

Early life[edit]

Bajo hailed from Piva clan of Herzegovina, today Old Herzegovina, part of Montenegro. His name is first mentioned in Venetian sources dating to 1669.

Cretan War[edit]

He participated in the Cretan War (1645–1669), and was a hajduk commander (counter-Ottoman guerilla fighting, hajdučija, unsanctioned by the Venetians) in the Bay of Kotor, defending the region from the Ottoman Empire, which earned him praise from the Republic of Venice who awarded him with a title.

Istria and Zadar[edit]

In the middle of 1671, he and 600 hajduks were transported from Risan to Pula, in Istria (modern Croatia). He is mentioned in the summer of 1675 as one of the leaders of the uskoks in Zadar.

Kotor[edit]

Pivljanin returned to Kotor in 1684, continuing the guerrilla warfare (hajdučija) against the Ottomans in the frontier. In 1685, the Pivljani and Banjani came to be organized thanks to and under the leadership of Pivljanin. In Dražin Vrt, Kotor, there exists a tower in which he and his bands allegedly stayed.

Battle of Vrtijeljka[edit]

Main article: Battle of Vrtijeljka

As an aid to the Montenegrins, the Kotoran provveditore Antonio Zeno sends a band of hajduks and Bokelji under the command of Bajo. Bajo clashed with Shendjer Pasha in Vrtijeljka, near Cetinje, in early May 1685, the Ottomans were victorious and Bajo fell at the battlefield. His head was sent to the Sultan.[2] The victorious Ottomans paraded with 500 severed heads through Cetinje after the battle.[3] Suleiman had Bajo's head sent to the Sultan as a trophy.[4] According to some legends Bajo Pivljanin and his wife are buried under one of two stećci in front of Vlah Church in Cetinje.[5]

Legacy[edit]

There is an elementary school "Bajo Pivljanin", an agricultural company "Bajo Pivljanin-Poljoprivreda AD Pluzine (BAPO)", a futsal cup team "Bajo Pivljanin Pluzine", and numerous placenames in Montenegro.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Name: His full name has been cited as Bajo Nikolić Pivljanin. His nickname was Bajo, which is also a common nickname in the Piva region, derived from the folk belief that a name protects the child from evil; the nickname has a connection with the word baja meaning "a snake".[7] His father was Nikola, hence the surname Nikolić. He hailed from Piva, hence his epithet Pivljanin (En. Pivan, i.e. "person from Piva"). Other names include falcon Bajo (sr. Soko Bajo),[1] and Dragojlo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zlatar (2007), p. 617[citation not found]
  2. ^ Istorijski zapisi: organ Istoriskog instituta i Društva istoričara SR Crne Gore. Istorijski institut u Titogradu. 2007. Бајо је погинуо у кланцу на Вртијељци око седмог маја 1685. бра- нећи узалуд Турцима продор према Цетињу. Његову главу, као велики трофеј Сулејман-паша Бушатлија ће послати у Цариград 
  3. ^ The South Slav Journal. Dositey Obradovich Circle. 1983. p. 93. 
  4. ^ Istorijski zapisi: organ Istoriskog instituta i Društva istoričara SR Crne Gore. Istorijski institut u Titogradu. 2007. Бајо је погинуо у кланцу на Вртијељци око седмог маја 1685. бра- нећи узалуд Турцима продор према Цетињу. Његову главу, као велики трофеј Сулејман-паша Бушатлија ће послати у Цариград 
  5. ^ Draško Šćekić (1987). Putujući Crnom Gorom. NIO "UR". p. 102. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Petar II Petrovic Njegos, "The Mountain Wreath" (1847), Unabridged Internet Edition, Translated into English by Vasa D. Mihailovich, Professor of Slavic Languages, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA);
  7. ^ Radović-Tešić, M. 2006, "On the nickname or name Bajo", Srpski jezik – studije srpske i slovenske, vol. 11, no. 1-2, pp. 167–172.

Sources[edit]

  • Banašević, N. (1954) O Baju Pivljaninu – beleške i objašnjenja uz V. S. Karadžić. in: Srpske narodne pjesme, Beograd, III (Serbian)
  • Blečić, M.R., Mladenović, B., ur. (2001) Bajo Pivljanin u istoriji i legendi. Beograd (Serbian)
  • Blečić, M.R., Mladenović, B. (2000) "Bajo Pivljanin u narodnoj pesmi : antologijski izbor", OCLC 47209346
  • Vukašin Baćović, Tomo Papić, "Bajo Pivljanin u narodnim pjesmama" (2000), Biblioteka Baština, Oktoih, 217 pages

External links[edit]