Baka language (South Sudan)

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Native toSouth Sudan
Native speakers
(26,000 cited 1993)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bdh

Baka (Tara Baka) is a Central Sudanic language of South Sudan, with the majority living in an area centered on Maridi, South Sudan, but also a couple thousand speakers in the DRC. It has consonants with trilled release such as /dr/ and /ɡ͡bʙ/.



Labial Alveolar Alveopalatal Velar Labiovelar
Voiceless p t c k kp
Voiced b d g gb
Prenasalized mb nd ŋg ŋmgb
Implosive ɓ ɗ 'y
Nasal: m n ɲ ŋ
Voiceless tr kʙ̥
Voiced ʙ dr
Prenasalized ndr ŋmgʙ
Voiceless f s
Voiced v z
Prenasalized nv nz
Flap: ⱱ̟ r ř
Lateral: l
Semivowel: w y


Front Central Back
High ʟ ʊ
Low ɞ a ɔ

Neutral vowel: ɨ

Front Central Back
High i u
Low e ə o



  1. ^ Baka at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Baka (Sudan)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Parker, Kirk H. (1985). Occasional Papers in the Study of Sudanese Languages 4. Juba, Sudan: Summer Institute of Linguistics and Institute of Regional Languages and College of Education U. of Juba. pp. 63–85.