94 Baker Street, formerly the Apple Boutique.
|Length||1.5 mi (2.4 km)|
|Location||Westminster, London, United Kingdom|
|North end||Oxford Street|
|Known for||Shopping · Sherlock Holmes' residence (221B Baker Street) · Baker Street robbery · Setting of Gerry Rafferty's hit song · Jethro Tull's composition · Baker Street tube station · Apple Boutique · Selfridges|
Baker Street is a street in the Marylebone district of the City of Westminster in London. It is named after builder William Baker, who laid the street out in the 18th century. The street is most famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who lives at a fictional 221B Baker Street address. The area was originally high class residential, but now is mainly occupied by commercial premises.
Baker St is a busy thoroughfare, lying in postcode areas NW1/W1 and forming part of the A41 there. It runs south from Regent's Park, the junction with Park Road, parallel to Gloucester Place, meeting Marylebone Road, Portman Square and Wigmore Street. At the junction with Wigmore St, Baker St turns into Orchard Street, which ends when it meets with Oxford Street. After Portman Square the road continues as Orchard Street.
Also in 1835 the sculptor James Fillans came to live and work from no.82 Baker Street.
Residents of the prestigious mansion block, Chiltern Court, on the Regent's Park end of Baker Street include the novelists Arnold Bennett and H.G Wells who are commemorated with a blue plaque.
Thomas Charles Druce ran the Baker Street Bazaar until his death in 1864, and was later subject of the Druce Portland Case
In 1940 the headquarters of the Special Operations Executive moved to 64 Baker Street, they were often called the "Baker Street Irregulars" after Sherlock Holmes' gang of street urchins of the same name.
For many years the head office of Marks and Spencer, formerly the UK's largest retailer, was at "Michael House" (named in parallel with the group's "St Michael" brand), 55 Baker Street, until the company relocated to the Paddington Basin in 2004. This was one of the best known corporate buildings in the UK, and has since been redeveloped as a modern office complex by London & Regional Properties to a design by Make Architects and Expedition Engineering.
A London County Council blue plaque commemorates Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger who lived at 120 Baker Street from 1803-4. British singer Dusty Springfield lived on Baker Street in the 1960s.
The character Gregory House from the U.S. TV series House M.D. resides at the fictional Flat B, 221 Baker Street in Princeton, New Jersey. House M.D. is loosely based upon and inspired by Sherlock Holmes.
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