Bakers, Food and Allied Workers' Union
Bakers, Food and Allied Workers' Union
|Headquarters||Stanborough House, Great North Road, Welwyn Garden City|
|Sarah Woolley, General Secretary|
|Affiliations||TUC, TUCG, ICTU|
The union dates its origin to 1847. The Manchester Friendly Association of Operative Bakers was established in 1849, and by 1854 it was led by Thomas Hodson. Under his leadership the union first expanded to represent bakers in Salford, becoming the first bakers' union in England to cover a wide area, though its membership remained below 200. In 1861 Hodson led the formation of the Amalgamated Union of Operative Bakers, bringing together unions in Bristol, Cheltenham, Hanley, Liverpool, London, Newcastle, Warrington and Wigan, along with his Manchester society. The new union gained prominence when its campaign for improvements in working conditions led to the Bakehouse Regulations Act 1863.
In about 1870 the union relocated its headquarters to London, but the majority of its members were still in Lancashire. Other unions gradually joined, including the South Wales Federation of Journeymen Bakers in 1893. By 1891 the union had 4,000 members, nearly half of them in London.
For many years the union did not admit workers whom it considered unskilled. This led its London organiser, C. Mann, to form the rival National Union of Bakery Trade Workers in 1913. The following year the Operative Bakers agreed to accept all workers in the industry, and renamed itself as the Amalgamated Union of Operative Bakers, Confectioners and Allied Workers of Great Britain and Ireland. Mann's breakaway union was dissolved. In 1920 the union agreed to transfer its members in the milling industry to the rival Dock, Wharf and Riverside Workers' Union.
The union focused its campaigns on shorter working hours, better pay and working conditions. In 1919 it led a major strike against night work, but this was unsuccessful. It recruited well in cooperative bakeries, but struggled elsewhere, until the Second World War. In 1935 it barred master bakers from holding office in the union.
The union became more centralised in the 1950s. In 1964 it shortened its name to become the Bakers' Union. This was later lengthened to the present name.
In November 2020 the union announced that it planned to consult its members on whether to remain affiliated to the Labour Party following the suspension of former party leader Jeremy Corbyn. In September 2021 it announced during Labour's annual conference that it would disaffiliate from the party, citing dissatisfaction with Keir Starmer's leadership.
|1922 general election||Fulham West||Robert Mark Gentry||8,210||35.6||2|
|1932 by-election||Wednesbury||William Banfield||21,977||54.7||1|
|1935 general election||Wednesbury||William Banfield||22,683||53.3||1|
- 1864: Thomas Hodson
- 1883: John Jenkins
- 1915: John William Banfield
- 1940: Joseph Thomasson
- 1952: Jock Halliday
- 1968: Stanley Gretton
- 1975: Sam Maddox
- 1979: Joe Marino
- 2010: Ronnie Draper
- 2020: Sarah Woolley
- 1910: A. F. Bentley
- 1914: J. H. Brown
- 1926: T. Ferris
- 1927: H. Keen
- 1946: Ernest Haynes
- 1969: Chris Childs
- 1977: Terry O'Neill
- 1995: Dennis Nash
- c.2000: Ronnie Draper
- 2010: Ian Hodson
- Report on Trade Unions in 1905-1907. London: Board of Trade. 1909. pp. 82–101.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2012-02-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Arthur Marsh and John B. Smethurst, Historical Directory of Trade Unions, vol.5, pp.152-198
- Syal, Rajeev (5 July 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn gets backing of Unite in Labour leadership race". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- Kollewe, Julia; Slawson, Nicola (September 4, 2017). "McDonald's workers to go on strike in Britain for first time" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Rodgers, Sienna (17 January 2020). "Left-wing bakers' union nominates Long-Bailey and Burgon". LabourList. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- Rodgers, Sienna (20 November 2020). "Bakers' Union plans to consult members on staying affiliated to Labour". LabourList. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- "BREAKING NEWS: BFAWU disaffiliates from Labour". Politics.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
- Parker, James (2017). Trade unions and the political culture of the Labour Party, 1931-1940 (PDF). Exeter: University of Exeter. p. 125.
- Labour Party, Report of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp.255-272
- "Ronnie Draper is elected General Secretary" (PDF). Autumn 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 31, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- Arthur Marsh, Victoria Ryan and John B. Smethurst, Historical Directory of Trade Unions