Bakery Hill, Victoria

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Bakery Hill
BallaratVictoria
Ballarat burrumbeet road bakery hill victoria.jpg
Ballarat Burrumbeet Road looking north east toward Bakery Hill Junction.
Bakery Hill is located in City of Ballarat
Bakery Hill
Bakery Hill
Coordinates37°33′47″S 143°51′58″E / 37.563°S 143.866°E / -37.563; 143.866Coordinates: 37°33′47″S 143°51′58″E / 37.563°S 143.866°E / -37.563; 143.866
Population164 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density656/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Postcode(s)3350
Area0.25 km2 (0.1 sq mi)
Location0.5 km (0 mi) from Ballarat Central
LGA(s)City of Ballarat
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)Ballarat
Suburbs around Bakery Hill:
Ballarat East Ballarat East Ballarat East
Ballarat Central Bakery Hill Ballarat East
Golden Point Golden Point Ballarat East

Bakery Hill is an inner city suburb of Ballarat in Victoria, Australia. It is the smallest suburb in the city of Ballarat in terms of both area and population, which at the 2016 census was just 164 people.[1] The area is predominantly commercial, as it has been since it came into existence at the beginning of the gold rush. In the present time it is mainly known for its restaurants and pubs, as well as fast food.

Bakery Hill is one of the most historic places in Ballarat and is culturally important to the city. At what is now 29 St. Paul's Way, several large public meetings where held before and after the Eureka Stockade.[2] It is most likely to be the site that insurgents swore the Eureka oath while pledging allegiance to the Southern Cross on 1 December 1854. It was also one of the richest mining leads in Australia and was the site where the Welcome Nugget was discovered on 9 June 1858.

Topography[edit]

The suburb is located on a hill named for the bakery that existed on the site from the 1850s. The boundary of Bakery Hill is Peel Street to the west; Mair Street to the north; East Street to the east and Steinfield Street to the south. It was officially gazetted from Ballarat in 1992.

History[edit]

Swearing Allegiance to the Southern Cross on 1 December 1854 on Bakery Hill — watercolour by Charles Doudiet

Bakery Hill dates back to the foundation of Ballarat and the town of East Ballarat. The suburb is located to the East of Ballarat, which known for its lack of town planning. East Ballarat developed organically around the site of gold mines. The Eureka Stockade began when insurgents swore the Eureka oath, their allegiance to the Southern Cross on 1 December 1854. Today, a flag pole flies the Eureka Flag to welcome those who arrive at the city from the East.

The area was of prime importance to commerce and the early inhabitants of Ballarat because it was the location where Victoria Street (the road to Melbourne) met Main Road (the road to Geelong).[3]

Bridge Mall and Street is named after the first bridge to cross the Yarrowee River, which existed until the river was directed underground. The street's width reflects the width of the original bridge.[4] The street is six feet higher than it was in the 1850s and 1860s after it was built up to avoid flooding, which had become frequent due to extensive mining on the Black Hill Flats.[5]

Heritage[edit]

The site of the Eureka Stockade meetings is now a parcel of land which subject to a major future residential complex.[6] For a hundred years the site had a school positioned on it, Ballarat East State School No.1919 (St. Paul's) from 1877, which was demolished in the 1960s and turned into a carpark.[7][8]

There are a number of heritage buildings which date back to the 1850s. The area is known for its unique architecture, including a old three storey pub located at 3 Peel Street, formerly North Grand Hotel, and a series of semi-detached shops at 26 Bridge Mall.[9] The hotel was famous for the murder of a barmaid, Winifred Brooks, on 29 December 1932 for which Patrick Sheedy was convicted and executed.[10] St. Paul's Anglican Church, built in 1865, is significant for its architecture because of a series of changes made to the building to cope with mining activity.[11] It was built on top of an earlier church which had collapsed because of mining activity.[12]

The old school located at the corner of Humffray Street and Mair Street was built in 1876.[13] It operated as a primary school, Humffrey Street State School (No. 34), until the 1990s during the Kennett Government's rationalisation of the education system. The school is now an antiques centre. At the turn of the twentieth century the school was known for is exceptional scholarship and successful students.[14][15]

The suburb has a kindergarten.

Notable people[edit]

  • Alec Barr (1895-1918), Private in the 1st ANZAC Salvage Section - Attended Humffray Street State School.[16]
  • Belle Green (nee Menzies) (1893-1984), Secretary to the Exhibition Trustees, Museums Victoria - Attended Humffray Street State School.[17]
  • Robert Menzies, 12th Prime Minister of Australia - Attended Humffray Street State School 1906-1907.[18]
  • Arthur Nicholson (1903-1981), civil engineer, Mayor and councillor of Ballarat - created the Ballarat Begonia Festival, attended Humffray Street State School.[19][20]

Services[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bakery Hill (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/3389037/final_r_beeston_-_heritage.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/3389037/final_r_beeston_-_heritage.pdf
  4. ^ http://vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au/places/140650/download-report
  5. ^ Ibid.
  6. ^ http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/3390872/landscaping.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/3389037/final_r_beeston_-_heritage.pdf
  8. ^ http://wiki.prov.vic.gov.au/index.php/School_Records_-_Haymes_Children
  9. ^ http://vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au/places/140650/download-report
  10. ^ https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/68011804
  11. ^ http://vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au/places/140650/download-report
  12. ^ http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/3389037/final_r_beeston_-_heritage.pdf
  13. ^ https://victoriancollections.net.au/items/55d57cb92162f40c70ee25f5
  14. ^ Madeleine Mattarozzi Laming, The New Inheritors: Transforming Young People’s Expectations of University (2012), p. 63.
  15. ^ http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/primeministers/menzies/before-office.aspx
  16. ^ https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au/explore/people/130608
  17. ^ https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/16355
  18. ^ https://menziesvirtualmuseum.org.au/the-1900s/1906
  19. ^ http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/nicholson-sir-arthur-william-14933
  20. ^ https://www.thecourier.com.au/story/4510840/why-do-we-honour-begonias/

See also[edit]