Bakka, Lebanon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bakka
Beka, Bekka
Village
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Beqaa Governorate
District Rashaya District
Area
 • Total 2.36 sq mi (6.12 km2)
Elevation 4,860 ft (1,480 m)
Aaqbe
Bakka, Lebanon is located in Lebanon
Bakka, Lebanon
Shown within Lebanon
Alternate name Akbeh, Aqbe, Akbe, Aqbeh
Location 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Beirut
Region Rashaya
Coordinates 33°35′36″N 35°55′28″E / 33.593334°N 35.924442°E / 33.593334; 35.924442
History
Cultures Roman
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

Bakka, Bekka or Beka is a village and municipality situated 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Beirut in the Rashaya District of the Beqaa Governorate in Lebanon.[1][2]

Wadi Bakka[edit]

The Wadi Bakka or Wadi Bekka runs alongside the village. The wadi was the scene of the Battle of Wadi Bakka where a Druze uprising was put down by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt during the 1838 Druze revolt.[3]

Roman temple[edit]

There are the ruins of a Roman temple in the village that are included in a group of Temples of Mount Hermon.[4] George Taylor classified it as a prostylos temple and noted that the north and south walls remained standing and the podium floor had survived. The site has been heavily damaged by local construction of houses over the site. The temple featured an underground crypt that was accessible via one of the houses that had been built over it.[5]

Edward Robinson suggested that word bakka could have derived from the later Arabic meaning of crowd. Others have linked it to the Hebrew word bikha meaning plain.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniel M. Krencker; Willy Zschietzschmann (1938). Römische Tempel in Syrien: nach Aufnahmen und Untersuchungen von Mitgliedern der Deutschen Baalbekexpedition 1901-1904, pp. 205-269 & pl, 83-116, Otto Puchstein, Bruno Schulz, Daniel Krencker. W. de Gruyter & Co. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Ted Kaizer (2008). The Variety of Local Religious Life in the Near East In the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. BRILL. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-90-04-16735-3. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Nejla M. Abu Izzeddin (1993). The Druzes: A New Study of Their History, Faith, and Society. BRILL. pp. 218–. ISBN 978-90-04-09705-6. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Tallon, Maurice., “Sanctuaires et itinéraires romains du. Chouf et du sud de la Béqa,” Mélanges de l'université Saint Joseph 43, pp. 233-50, 1967.
  5. ^ George Taylor (1971). The Roman temples of Lebanon: a pictorial guide. Les temples romains au Liban; guide illustré. Dar el-Machreq Publishers. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Emily Anne Beaufort Smythe Strangford (viscountess) (1862). Egyptian sepulchres and Syrian shrines: including some stay in the Lebanon, at Palmyra, and in western Turkey. Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. pp. 294–. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 

External links[edit]