|Azerbaijani: Bakı arxipelaqı|
LandSat satellite image of Greater Baku showing the islands
Location of the Baku Archipelago in the Caspian Sea
Besides their Azeri name, most islands have a Russian name that originated in the first modern cartography of the Caspian Sea made by hydrographer Fedor I. Soimonov in the 18th century. The archipelago is made up of the following islands, in addition to a few small sandbanks.
Islands located in the bay
These are the islands within the Bay of Baku perimetre:
Islands located off the bay
These islands are detached from the main group:
- Chilov or Zhiloy
- Sangi-Mugan or Svinoy
- Zanbil or Duvanni
- Chikil or Oblivnoy
- Qara Su or Los
- Xara Zira or Bulla
- Qutan and Baburi (the Podvodnyye Islands)
- Adsiz Ada or Bezymyannyy
- Gil or Glinyanii
- Kura Island or Kurinsky
- Kura Rock or Kurinsky Kamen
The vegetation of the islands in the Baku Archipelago has been quite damaged by the pollution caused by the oil wells in the same bay, so that most islands are almost devoid of vegetation.
Formerly this archipelago provided an ideal ecosystem for the Caspian seal. Sturgeons are still found where the waters are not too polluted. Certain birds that visit Baku Bay, like teal ducks, herring gulls, and grebes find refuge in these islands that are uninhabited except for gas-extraction installations and a lighthouse. There is an automatic monitoring station for water pollution in the area located in Svinoy Island.
Lately, tourism has been intensively developing in the Baku Archipelago.The Boyuk Zira island, of the islands located on the offshore of Baku, Azerbaijan’s capital, is on its way to a major expansion. The island will be divided into several areas; a park, a residential area, a military port etc. The park will be fragmented from the other areas, as its areas are subjected to strong winds. Baku is famous for its Old City, and to commemorate this, old style house will be built within the town’s fortress. When it comes to religions, Azerbaijan is known as of the most tolerant countries in the world. A mosque, a church, and a synagogue are planned to be built. During the reign of the Soviet Union, Boyuk Zira has been known as a place where the Stalin’s prisoners were sent - to pay tribute to this, a common grave is set to be placed. Moreover, a mall, a school, and a clinic should be functioning on the island. Public events, such as summits, are projected to take place on the island. To ensue these, different venues including clubs and entertainment events are planned to take place on the other side of island, so that the residents will not be disturbed. This project has interested a lot of foreign investors, and a total of two to three billion manat ($255 000 000 - $382 000 000) has been set to implement this.
Construction and modernization
According to Avesta management a new Azerbaijan Tower will be 200 m higher than the current tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Besides business buildings and hotels, the project also promises to provide houses in capacity of 800.000 for its residents. According to Avesta, the project is planned to be completed by the period between 2020-2025.
- "Fedor I. Soimonov". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- UNIDO Caspian Pollution Report (en)
- Tourist town to appear on Boyuk Zira island of Baku archipelago
- Iliaifar, Amir (February 10, 2012). "$2 billion Azerbaijan Tower to usurp Saudi Arabia's Kingdom Tower as world's tallest". Digital Trends.
- Medina, Samuel (February 9, 2012). "Azerbaijan To Build One Kilometer-Tall Skyscraper". Architizer.
- Alexander, Anila (April 13, 2012). "Azerbaijan Plans World's Tallest Tower At 'New Venice' (PHOTOS)". International Business Times.
- AVESTA Khazar Islands New City
- Azerbaijan Is Rich. Now It Wants to Be Famous