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|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 20|
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A Rajput Raja Raj Dev, along with his family, came here to meditate. He was related to the family of the King of Jaipur. He soon named the tehsil after his son, Balraj as "Balachaur". Raj Dev died in 1596, and people built his tomb in the tehsil to worship him as Baba Balraj. A committee named as "Balraj Mandir Committee" was created in 1949, and its president was Zaildar Balwant Singh. The current president is Rana Purshotam Singh. In 1539, Sher-Shah-Suri took the blessing of Raj Dev before attacking Humayun.
According to a 2001[update] India census, Balachaur had a population of 18,106. Males constituted 53% of the population, and females 47%. Balachaur had an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. Twelve percent (12%) of the population was under 6 years of age.
Balachaur is an important place for the nearby villages because it is a tehsil. It has Punjab government offices, which serve the local villagers. Earlier, there formerly had been no higher education in Balacahur, but there is now a college called Baba Balraj Government College. It is near Bains Charitable Hospital.
The main source of income in Balachaur is agriculture, with wheat and maize being the two main crops. Many people work in government or private sectors in neighboring towns and cities, primarily Nawanshahr, Ropar, Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. There is a big market which serves the people of Balachaur and nearby villages. Balachaur also has a big grain market (Anaaj Mandi) where the field produce is sold to wholesalers. The S.V. Cold Drink factory, which was set up in 2003, manufactures Lava Cold Drinks in Sudha Mazra (Balachaur).
Balachaur is well connected by roads to all major cities in Punjab. Balachaur is on the main highway to Jallandhar, located off a highway that goes to Pathankot/Jammu. The nearest railway station is Garhshankar and the nearest airport is Chandigarh. From Balachaur there are buses (both private and public) available for passengers to go to major cities of Punjab as well as Himachal, Haryana, and Delhi. Various other modes of transportation are also available for local travel. Balachaur is a Tehsil, situated almost equidistant from Nawanshahr (20 km or 12 mi), Roopnagar (25 km), Garshankar (25 km), and Nurpur Bedi (24 km). Other big cities near Balachaur are Ludhiana (70 km or 43 mi), Chandigarh (68 km), Hoshiarpur (70 km), Anandpur Sahib (68 km), and Jalandhar (75 km). The national capital, Delhi, is 320 km (200 mi) from Balachaur.
Sahdra= sahdra is a village which belong to balachaur tehsil and its located near majari and there are two gurudawara's and there is secondary school also. Sudha Majra Alais Fatehgarh is situated on Chandigarh Jalandhar highways. There is a historical Gurudwara Tahli Shaib built in the memory of Guru Hargobind Singh Ji. It had a population of 1200.
Gahoon (Punjabi-ਗਹੁੰਣ) is named for the people who lived on the bank of the sea called ("ਗਾਹਣਿਅੇ"). According to the 2001 India census, Gahoon legend had a population of 1100: 53% male and 47% female. Gahoon has an average literacy rate of 72.6% with 56% males and 44% females. Fifteen percent (15%) of the population is under 6 years of age.
Garhi Kanugoan (ਗੜੀ ਕਾਨੂੰਗੋਅਾਂ) is located on Nawanshahr road. There is a historical Shiv Mandir, Gurdwara of Baba Jawahar Singh Ji (Falahi Sahib) Main Gurdwara Sahib, Gurdwara Sahidan Sahib, Patka Sahib, Majar Baba Roshan Shah Wali, and this village is located nearly midway between 4 main cities: 72 km (45 mi) from Chandigarh, 73 km from Jalandhar, 65 km (40 mi) from Hoshiarpur and 65 km from Ludhiana.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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