Balado (food)

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Udang balado.jpg
Udang balado prawns in spicy balado sauce
Alternative namesSambal goreng, sambal lado
CourseMain course
Place of originIndonesia
Region or stateWest Sumatra
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsEgg, chicken, meat, or seafood in hot and spicy spice mixture with a large amount of red chili pepper

Balado is a type of hot and spicy bumbu (spice mixture) found in Minang cuisine of West Sumatra, Indonesia[1] It has since spread through the rest of Indonesia and also Malaysia especially in Negeri Sembilan.[2] Balado sauce is made by stir frying ground red hot chili pepper with other spices including garlic, shallot, tomato and kaffir lime (leaves, fruit, or both) in coconut or palm oil.

The ingredients are quite similar to sambal hot chili paste. However, unlike sambal—which is often treated as a separate dipping condiment, balado chili sauce is usually mixed and stir fried together with its main ingredients and treated as a dish. Balado is suitable for fried prawns, squid, fish (whole or cutlets), chicken, fried boiled eggs, fried beef, eggplant or potatoes.[3]

Because of its almost identical ingredients and technique, the term balado is often interchangeable with sambal goreng (lit.: "fried sambal"). Nevertheless, the term balado is more specifically referring to Minang cooking tradition, while sambal goreng refers to a more general Indonesian cuisine tradition.


In the Minang dialect the term balado literally means "with chili" or "in chili", since lado means "chili pepper" in the Minang dialect (compared with the Indonesian word "berlada"). Dish names usually combine the main ingredient followed with "balado", for example:

  • Ayam balado (chicken balado)[4]
  • Bada balado (anchovies balado)
  • Baluik balado or belut balado (eel balado)
  • Cumi balado (squid balado)[5]
  • Dendeng balado (dendeng balado, thinly sliced dry fried beef)[6]
  • Kantang balado or kentang balado (potato balado)[7]
  • Talua balado or telur balado (egg balado)[8]
  • Taruang balado (eggplant balado)[9]
  • Teri Kacang Balado or Peanuts Anchovy Balado.
  • Tuna balado (tuna balado)[10]
  • Udang balado (prawn/shrimp balado)[11]
  • Sambalado or sambal balado (balado as sambal condiment), precooked balado sauce prepared early and refrigerated to be used later in cooking.[12]


In popular culture[edit]

Hot and spicy balado has become an inspiration for a popular dangdut song, "Sambalado", sung by Ayu Tingting.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pepy Nasution (7 August 2008). "Balado, The Tangy Chili Sambal from West Sumatra". Indonesia Eats.
  2. ^ Aniza Zainudin (8 September 2018). "Cita rasa Minang tegar". Harian Metro (in Malay). Retrieved 1 July 2021. Tidak sempurna sajian tradisional Negeri Sembilan tanpa gulai lemak daging salai cili padi, ayam kampung berlado, sambal tumis petai ikan bilis, terung berlado...
  3. ^ "Balado sauce". SBS.
  4. ^ Gilang Shanahan (13 October 2014). "Balado Chicken / Ayam Balado".
  5. ^ "Cumi balado Pete (spicy dried squid with sator bean)". Dapur Dini. 14 May 2012.
  6. ^ Rima Sjoekri (10 September 2013). "Mum's Dendeng Balado". Food 52.
  7. ^ "Kentang Balado". Sajian Sedap (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2019-11-08. Retrieved 2017-07-26.
  8. ^ Anita (4 August 2013). "Telur Balado – Eggs with Chili Sauce". Daily Cooking Quest.
  9. ^ "Balado Terong Recipe".
  10. ^ "Nikmatnya Ikan Tuna Balado". Nova. 8 May 2017. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  11. ^ Anita (29 October 2015). "Balado Udang – Shrimps in Spicy Chili Sauce". Daily Cooking Quest.
  12. ^ "Resep Sambal lado". Cookpad.
  13. ^ "Ayu Ting Ting - Sambalado (Official Music Video)". Youtube.

External links[edit]