Balakh Sher Mazari

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Sardar Mir Balakh Sher Mazari
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Caretaker
In office
18 April 1993 – 26 May 1993
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Preceded by Nawaz Sharif
Succeeded by Nawaz Sharif
Personal details
Born (1928-07-08) 8 July 1928 (age 88)
Kot Karam Khan, Punjab, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Political party Pakistan Peoples Party

Sardar Mir Balakh Sher Mazari (Urdu: بلخ شیر مزاری‎) is the tumandar[1] (or chieftain) and the paramount sardar of the Mazari tribe which is situated on the tristate area between Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan.

As the chieftain of his tribe, he holds the title of "Mir" but also goes by the styles of "Tumandar" or "Sardar". Mazari is 22nd Sardar and the seventh Mir of the Mazaris. Alongside Mazari, his brother Sherbaz Khan Mazari also played a prominent role in the politics of Pakistan. Even his grandson Mir Dost Mohammad Mazari is a Pakistan Peoples Party parliamentarian from NA-175 Rajanpur who served as the parliamentary secretary for the Ministry of Water and Power.[2]

Mazari served as the caretaker prime minister of Pakistan after the Nawaz government was overthrown by president Ghulam Ishaq Khan. Mazari's tenure as caretaker prime minister ended abruptly on 26 May 1993 when the Supreme Court revoked the presidential order and reinstated Nawaz Sharif as the prime minister.[3]

History[edit]

Mir Balakh Sher Mazari was born on 8 July 1928 to the 21st Sardar and the sixth Mir of the Mazari tribe, Murad Buksh Khan Mazari. He was later elevated to become the Mazari chieftain in 1933 after the death of his father who had only ruled as chieftain for 9 months. Murad Buksh Mazari had earlier succeeded his elder brother Mir Dost Muhammad Khan Mazari as the tribe chieftain and their father Mir Sher Muhammad Khan Mazari who was the 19th Sardar and fourth Mir of the Mazaris.

After the completion of his education from Aitchison College in 1945 went on to live in Rojhan-Mazari, from where he joined active politics in 1951. He has been elected Member of the Legislative Assembly, Member of the National Assembly and Member of the Provincial Assembly on many occasions.

Mazari as caretaker prime minister[edit]

After being appointed as the caretaker prime minister, Mazari had to serve as the head of the government for 90 days, a mandatory period required to set up a framework for the next general elections. Mazari scheduled the general elections for 14 July 1993.[4]

Ishaq dissolves Sharif government[edit]

On 19 April 1993, president Ghulam Ishaq Khan exercised his extra-constitutional presidential powers, instituted to him through the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, to resolve the power struggle in Pakistan and dismissed the government of prime minister Nawaz Sharif. After dissolving both, the national and the provincial assemblies, Khan appointed Mazari as the caretaker prime minister.[4]

This was the second time that president Khan had invoked Article 58-2b of the Eighth Amendment to bring down an elected head of government. The charges of corruption and economic mismanagement that Khan levelled against Nawaz Sharif were almost entirely identical to those he had earlier brought against Benazir Bhutto in 1990.

Pakistan's representation at the OIC summit[edit]

In his short lived career as the caretaker PM, his foreign policy remained his strong suit. One significant act on his part was to attend the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) summit as Pakistan's representative head. At the summit, Mazari called upon the OIC to adopt resolute steps to condemn Indian atrocities and violations of human rights in Jammu and Kashmir. Concerned with the struggle of the Kashmiri people, he said that they had been denied their right to self-determination and condemned India's continued occupation of the Kashmiri territory. He pointed out that the unending repression had failed to break the will of the Kashmiri people to liberate from India's illegal occupation.

On the question of Palestine, Mr. Mazari stated that Israel must fully implement resolutions 242 and 338 of the U.N. Security Council and that all the Palestinian people be allowed to return to their homeland.

On the genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Mr. Mazari stated that Pakistan had sponsored a Security Council resolution imposing additional sanctions on Serbia. He sincerely hoped that the Conference would respond generously to Bosnia-Herzegovina's needs.

Mr. Mazari also called on the OIC to condemn strongly Armenia's attack on Azerbaijan and called for the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Azerbaijan and the region of Nagorno-Karabakh.

On the issue of Cyprus, the Prime Minister stated that Pakistan supported a bizonal and bicommunal federal structure based on the equality of the Turkish and Greek communities.

Mr. Mazari also called on the Islamic world to support the people of Afghanistan in this period of political transition.

On the issue of terrorism, Mr. Mazari stated that Pakistan is committed to combating international terrorism, and called on the OIC to condemn strongly all forms of terrorism.

The Prime Minister of Pakistan also called on the OIC to protect the rights and welfare of Muslim minorities. He also stated that many OIC states have a stake in combatting racism and xenophobia in Europe, that is affecting Muslims living there.

On 26 May 1993, the Supreme Court voted that Ishaq Khan's dissolution of the National Assembly and his dismissal of the prime minister were unconstitutional. The Supreme Court's action was a sharp rebuke of Ishaq Khan's heavy-handed exercise of presidential powers and was widely hailed as a victory for the advocates of democratisation. Yet, although the Supreme Court was able to reinstate the Nawaz Sharif government, the status quo ante was not restored, and the struggle between the president and the prime minister continued unabated, making the pursuit of regular government workings impossible.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Qureshi, Hasnain. "Political scenario remains unchanged". The News International. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Associated Press of Pakistan (7 November 2012). "Balakh Sher Mazari calls on Gilani". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Blood, Peter R. (1 December 1996). Pakistan: A Country Study. DIANE Publishing. pp. 237–. ISBN 9780788136313. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Balakh Sher Mazari Becomes Caretaker Prime Minister". Story of Pakistan. 1 June 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Acting

1993
Succeeded by
Nawaz Sharif