Balan, Ardennes

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War memorial and town hall
War memorial and town hall
Coat of arms of Balan
Coat of arms
Balan is located in France
Coordinates: 49°41′23″N 4°57′40″E / 49.6897°N 4.9611°E / 49.6897; 4.9611Coordinates: 49°41′23″N 4°57′40″E / 49.6897°N 4.9611°E / 49.6897; 4.9611
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Sedan
Canton Sedan-Est
Intercommunality Charleville-Mézières / Sedan
 • Mayor (1995–2020) André Drouard
Area1 4.65 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,616
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08043 / 08200

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Balan is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Champagne-Ardenne region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balanais or Balanaises.[1]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]


Balan is located just east of Sedan and north-east of Bazeilles. Access to the commune is by the D8043A road from Sedan which continues south-east to Bazeilles. The D17 also passes through the town and continues east to Rubécourt-et-Lamécourt. The Route nationale N43 (E46) highway passes through the commune with the nearest exit being Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3  just south-east of the commune. Much of the central area of the commune is urban with the northern part farmland and some forest.[3]

The Meuse river forms the south-western border of the commune as it flows north through Sedan.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]


From 1560 to 1642 Balan was part of the Principality of Sedan.


Arms of Balan

Party per pale, first Azure a chevron of Or; second Argent, a fess of Gules charged with a mullet of Or between 2 martlets of Sable.


List of Successive Mayors[4]

Mayors from 1995
From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 André Drouard

(Not all data is known)


In 2010 the commune had 1,616 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
632 646 662 811 1,068 1,196 1,115 1,245 1,274
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 1,510 1,545 1,736 1,676 1,693 1,606 1,496
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,458 1,432 1,400 1,299 1,335 1,351 1,410 1,214 1,344
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
1,518 1,461 1,419 1,376 1,568 1,612 - 1,616 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Balan, Ardennes

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Bonhomme Spinning Mill

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has several buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Bonhomme Spinning Mill (Now a Community Hall) (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Godchaux Weaving Mill (Now a Warehouse) (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Stackler Textile Works (Now a Business incubator) (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Bazaille Chard Plant (1906)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Jean-Baptiste Herbin-Dessaux (1765-1832): French General of the Revolution and the Empire, died at Balan.
  • Élisabeth Lion (1904-1988), French aviatrix, born at Balan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aredennes (French)
  2. ^ Balan, Ardennes in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000321 Bonhomme Spinning Mill (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000322 Godchaux Weaving Mill (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000323 Stackler Textile Works (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000324 Bazaille Chard Plant (French)

External links[edit]