War memorial and town hall
|Intercommunality||Charleville-Mézières / Sedan|
|• Mayor (1995–2020)||André Drouard|
|4.65 km2 (1.80 sq mi)|
|• Density||350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balanais or Balanaises.
The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Balan is located just east of Sedan and north-east of Bazeilles. Access to the commune is by the D8043A road from Sedan which continues south-east to Bazeilles. The D17 also passes through the town and continues east to Rubécourt-et-Lamécourt. The Route nationale N43 (E46) highway passes through the commune with the nearest exit being Exit 3 just south-east of the commune. Much of the central area of the commune is urban with the northern part farmland and some forest.
The Meuse river forms the south-western border of the commune as it flows north through Sedan.
Neighbouring communes and villages
From 1560 to 1642 Balan was part of the Principality of Sedan.
Party per pale, first Azure a chevron of Or; second Argent, a fess of Gules charged with a mullet of Or between 2 martlets of Sable.
- Mayors from 1995
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 1,616 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has several buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Bonhomme Spinning Mill (Now a Community Hall) (19th century)
- The Godchaux Weaving Mill (Now a Warehouse) (20th century)
- The Stackler Textile Works (Now a Business incubator) (19th century)
- The Bazaille Chard Plant (1906)
- Jean-Baptiste Herbin-Dessaux (1765-1832): French General of the Revolution and the Empire, died at Balan.
- Élisabeth Lion (1904-1988), French aviator, born at Balan.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Aredennes (in French)
- Balan, Ardennes in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
- Google Maps
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000321 Bonhomme Spinning Mill (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000322 Godchaux Weaving Mill (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000323 Stackler Textile Works (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000324 Bazaille Chard Plant (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balan, Ardennes.|
- Balan on the old National Geographic Institute website (in French)
- Balan on Lion1906
- Balan on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Balan, Ardennes on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)