The centre of the village of Balansun
|Canton||Artix et Pays de Soubestre|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Bénédicte Alcetegaray|
|10.73 km2 (4.14 sq mi)|
|• Density||27/km2 (71/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||84–208 m (276–682 ft) |
(avg. 112 m or 367 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balansenais or Balansenaises.
Balansun is a commune in the former province of Béarn located some 6 km east of Orthez and 4 km north of Argagnon. Access to the commune is by the D946 road from Arthez-de-Béarn in the east which passes through the centre of the commune south of the village and continues south-west to join the D817 west of Castétis. Access to the village is by the Chemin de l'Eglise which branches north off the D946 on the western side of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with the Ruisseau de Clamondé forming the southern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave de Pau west of Castetis. Three streams flow through the commune from east to west into the Ruisseau de Clamondé gathering many tributaries in the commune/
Places and hamlets
Neighbouring communes and villages
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Balansun||13th century||Raymond||Fors de Béarn|
|Balensun||1801||Ldh/EHESS/Cassini||Bulletin des lois|
|Bellegarde||Belegarde||1538||Raymond||Reformation||Farm and Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn|
|Friquet||la maison de Fricquet||1538||Raymond||Reformation||Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn|
|Tresarbres||Tresarbres||1538||Raymond||Reformation||Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn, with 400 arpents in 1538|
- Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Bérérenx: Chapter of Bérérenx
- Fors de Béarn
- Pardies: Notaries of Pardies
- Census: Census of Béarn
- Froissart: Jean Froissart, Book IV
- Reformation: Reformation of Béarn
- Mayors from 1942
|1942||1944||Jean Baptiste Daugarou|
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Lacq-Orthez;
- the SIVU of Balansun/Castétis;
- the water and sanitation association of Trois Cantons;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
In 2010 the commune had 244 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock).
Sites and monuments
The Parish Church of the Assumption of Notre-Dame (1850) is registered as an historical monument.
The commune has a primary school which is grouped in an RPI (Intercommunal Educational Grouping) with the primary school in Castétis.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Google Maps
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, p. 293 ISBN 2-35068-005-3‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Balansun
- Titles of the commune of Bérérenx in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- List of Mayors of France ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000623 Parish Church of the Assumption of Notre-Dame ‹See Tfd›(in French)
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