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|Nickname(s): Sand City of India
Granary of Odisha
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||OD - 01(Previously OR - 01)|
Balasore is a city in the state of Odisha, about 194 kilometres (121 mi) north of the State capital Bhubaneswar, in eastern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Balasore district. It is best known for Chandipur beach. It is also the site of the Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program's Integrated Test Range, located 18 km. south of Balasore. The Defence Research and Development Organisation developed many different missiles such as Nag, Brahmos, Agni Missile among others here.This is where famous freedom fighter Jatindranath Mukherjee also known as Bagha Jatin got injured and died fighting the British. The most spoken language in Balasore is Odia.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Overview
- 6 Economy
- 7 Transport
- 8 Places of interest
- 9 Culture and festivals
- 10 Education
- 11 Universities/Colleges
- 12 Sports and Entertainment
- 13 Nursing homes and Hospitals in Balasore
- 14 Politics
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Baleshwar district was part of the ancient Kalinga kingdom which later became a territory of Koshala or Utkal, till the death of Mukunda Dev. It was annexed by the Mughal Empire in 1568 and remained as a part of their suzerainty up until 1700s. The British East India Company (EIC) established a factory at Balasore in 1633. As Calcutta rose in importance, Balasore became the center for river pilot services for vessels seeking to ascend the Hooghli River.
The Marathas then occupied this part of Odisha and it became a part of the dominion of the Bhonsle Maratha Rajas of Nagpur. They ceded this part through a treaty called the Treaty of Deogaon in 1803 and it became a part of Bengal Presidency until 1912.
Balasore as a separate district was created in October 1828 while it was in the Bengal Presidency. On 7 November 1845, all of Danish India was sold to the British, who made it part of British India. With the creation of Bihar Province, Odisha was diverted along with Balasore district from Bengal to Bihar. But with the creation of Odisha as a separate State on 1 April 1936 Balasore became an integral part of Odisha State. The national movement of independence surged ahead with the visit of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921. Similarly Praja Andolan was initiated against the ruler of Nilagiri State. The state of Nilagiri merged with state of Odisha in January 1948 and became a part of Balasore district. On 3 April 1993 Bhadrak sub-division became a separate district and from this day Balasore remains a district of Odisha with two Sub-divisions namely Balasore and Nilagiri having eight Tahasils, namely Balasore, Soro, Simulia, Nilagiri, Jaleswar, Basta, Baliapal and Remuna and 12 blocks namely Bhograi, Jaleswar, Baliapal, Basta, Balasore, Remuna, Nilagiri, Oupada, KHAIRA, Soro and Bahanaga. The name of the district is being derived from the name of the town.
Balasore is a town in the North of Odisha, which is a state in South Eastern India. The city has West Bengal in the north, and the Bay of Bengal to the East. Balasore is located at 21°30`N, 86°56`E. Balasore has an area of 3076 km2. Balasore, the coastal district of Odisha is crisscrossed with perennial and estuarine rivers because of its proximity to the sea. Two important rivers of Odisha, Budhabalanga and Subarnarekha, pass through this district from west to east before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. There is widespread irrigation in Balasore district.
|Climate data for Balasore|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.5
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.9
|Record low °C (°F)||3.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||17.0
|Source: India Meteorological Department (1901-2000)|
The population in 2011 is 156430 and is the 7th most populous city in Odisha. As of 2001[update] India census, Balasore had a population of 106,032. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Balasore has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. It is also the most literate town of Odisha. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Balasore is a place of scenic beauty and a major tourist attraction, also because of its historical monuments, such as various temples in the area. There are a few hill ranges in the region too. It is 207 km north-east of Bhubaneswar by road.
Balasore has been in use from 1989, but unlike Sriharikota, it is not used for launching satellites. The rocket launching site at Balasore is situated in a place named Chandipur. Chandipur is located on the Bay of Bengal. The Integrated Test Range in Chandipur, Balasore is responsible for carrying out tests for various missiles such as Agni, Prithvi, Trishul, etc. It is a great place to visit.
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Balasore is the main town in the District of Balasore. The primary occupation of people in the district of Balasore is agriculture. Balasore district is mostly known for the cultivation of paddy, since rice is the staple cereal of the local people. The district has four major revenue sources – industries, agriculture, fishing and tourism. Many small and large scale industries are located both within the city limits as well as the outskirts. Balasore Alloys Limited, Emami Paper Mills, Oriplast, and Birla Tyres are some of the major industries based in Balasore. The main markets of Balasore are Nua Bazar, Motiganj, FM Square, Vivekanand Marg, Station Square, ITI Chakh, Kachehri Road, Town Hall and Nua Shahi.
The nearest airport is Bhubaneshwar. Kolkata is approximately three and a half hours by train and approximately 4 to 5 hours by bus.
Balasore railway station is an important station on the Howrah-Chennai main line of the South Eastern Railway. The distance to Kolkata is approximately 232 km, while the distance to Bhubaneswar is about 208 km. A branch line to Baripada starts from Rupsa, near Balasore. Balasore is connected to all parts of India through trains. 58029/Balasore - Bhadrak Passenger (UnReserved) origine from here.
National Highway 5 and National Highway 60 pass through the city. A part of the Golden Quadrilateral project, this highway runs from Chennai to Kolkata. Intra-city transport comprises cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws. City buses ply in two routes in the city to join the different parts of the city. The bus terminus is at Sahadev Khunta and thousands of private buses ply to hundreds of destinations everyday.
Places of interest
Chandipur-on-sea is a seaside resort famous for its mile long beach. It is a unique beach – the tide comes to the shore only four times a day, at fixed intervals. At a distance of 30 km south-west is Panchalingeshwar, a temple and scenic spot high on a mountain. The presiding deity there, Shiva, cannot be seen. One has to touch and feel the statue as it is behind (submerged under) a waterfall. About 33 km south-west of Balasore, there is a town by name 'Santaragadia' that has a 'Biseswar temple' situated on a hill. The town is surrounded by hills on all sides. Nearby is 'Khulia' village, a settlement of aboriginals. Around 30 km south-east of Balasore is a port named 'Dhamra'.
Khirachora Gopinatha Temple, situated at Remuna, approximately 7 km from the main town of Balasore, was built by King Langula Narasimha Dev, who also built the famous temple at Konark. Khirochora Gopinath Temple is notable for its mythological story about how it was built there. The prashad of Krishna – the khira – is very famous. The Biranchinarayan Temple, Palia, "AstaDurga", "Bhudhar Chandi" are some other temples located in the region.
There is a Jagannatha Temple in Nilagiri which is one of the prominent Jagannatha temples of Odisha. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshipped here. Every year, Ratha Yatra is performed with all the deities.
Panchalingeswara Temple, is a temple near a picnic spot in Baleswar which is located 30 km from Balasore. There is a state tourism Pantha Nivas in Panchalingeswara for tourists. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by hills and forests.
Bhujakhia Pir, situated at sunhat at the heart of the city is the tomb of Sufi saint Aasthana Sharif Hazrat Pir named as Bhujakhia Pir.The most interesting thing that both muslim and hindu jointly worship pir baba
Culture and festivals
Balasore culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, and music . The city offers a cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle with a variety of food, entertainment, available in a form and abundance comparable to that in other cities. Balasore residents celebrate both Western and Indian festivals. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja, Rajaa and Maha Shivratri are some of the popular festivals in the city. The akhada Arts Festival during durga puja is a unique culture of balasore.
- Dusshera, the festival of goddess Durga, is very popular in Balasore. Idols are worshipped in many streets and localities. In this city, Dussehra is famous for its idols, with localities trying to outsmart each other by constructing more attractive idols. Indeed, the whole city comes to a standstill on Astami, Navami and in Dashami burning of effigy of the demon Ravana (the eighth, ninth and tenth days of Dussehra) as people travel all over the city appreciating all the idols put forth by the neighbourhoods.
- Kali puja, Just after Durga puja gets over, balasore gear up with all their vigour to celebrate Kali puja. On the auspicious day of Diwali amidst the bursting of firecrackers.
- Kartikeshwar puja: The organized puja committees in charge of carrying out the worship of the deity of Balasore get ready for Kartikeswar Puja. Kartikeshwar is the eldest son of Lord Shiva.
- Kite flying is also celebrated with much enthusiasm and energy in the city. Kite-flying culminates with the Makar Sankranti, with kite-flying competitions being held all over the city.
- All the other regular Indian festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Vasant Panchami, Holi, Id, Good Friday, Rath Yatra, Diwali, Christmas and the numerous Hindu festivals are also celebrated.
Balasore is the education hub of Northern Odisha with many Engineering Schools and the famous Fakir Mohan University, named after the renowned novelist Fakir Mohan Senapati, who hails from this town of Odisha.
- Balasore School of Engineering
- Ramarani Institute of Technology
- Bahanaga Junior College
- Venus Group Of Educational Institution
- Balasore College of Engineering and Technology
- Satya Sai Engineering College
- Modern Engineering & Management Studies
- Srinix college of Engineering
- Fakir Mohan University
- Ambedkar Multimedia College
- Swana Chuda College
- Remuna College, Remuna
- Government Polytechnic Balasore
- Nilakantheswar Mahavidyalaya
- Balasore Mahavidyalaya, Sovarampur
- Balangi Mahavidyalaya, Sunhat
- Global Institute of Information Technology (GIIT)
- Chandaneswar College
- SriRam Chandra Sanskrit College, Bateswar
- Balasore Law College
- Dina Krushna College, Jaleswar
- Upendranath College, Soro
- Khaira College, khaira
- Gopalpur (Degree) College, Gopalpur, Balasore
- Belabhumi (Degree) College, Avana
- Kuntala Kumari Sabat Women's (Degree) College, Balasore
- Fakir Mohan (Autonomous) College, Balasore
- Balasore Mahila (Degree) College, Gopalgaon
- Kshetra Mohan College of Basic Science, Balasore
- Sharpmind College of Commerce, Balasore
- Subarna Rekha (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Baliapal
- Krushna Chandra Pipili (Degree) College, Jagai
- Laxmipriya +3 Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Baliapal
- Laxminarayan (Degree) College, Jamsuli
- Nilamani (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Rupsa
- Sidheswar (Degree) College, Amardaroad
- Kamarda (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Kamarda
- S.N.I.H.T.S college Kamarda
- Women's (Degree) College, Bhogarai
- Rural (Degree) Institute of Higher Studies, Bhogarai
- Dinakrushna (Degree) College, Jaleswar
- Shitala Thakurani (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Khuluda
- Jagannath (Degree) College, Jaleswar
- Jaleswar Women's (Degree) College, Jaleswar
- Jambeswar (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Garsang
- Dr. Hare Krishna Mahatab (Degree) College, Kupari
- Khaira (Degree) College, Khaira
- Swarnachuda (Degree) College, Mitrapur
- Berhampur (Degree) College, Raj-Berhampur
- Nilagiri (Degree) College, Nilagiri
- Nilagiri Women's (Degree) College, Nilagiri
- Baba Panchalingeswar (Degree) College, Santaragadia
- Oupada (Degree) College, Oupada
- Remuna (Degree) College, Remuna
- Shri Jagannath (Degree) Educational Foundation, Barunsingh
- Dr. Jadunath (Degree) College, Rasalpur
- Santilata (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Uitikiri
- Balangi (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Sunahat
- Nilakantheswar Degree Mahavidyalaya, Bangara, Balasore
- Balikhanda (Degree) College, Balikhanda
- Simulia (Degree) College, Markona
- Srinibas (Degree) College, Mangalpur
- Saraswata (Degree) Mahavidyalaya, Anantapur
- Upendra Nath (Degree) College, Soro
- Soro Women's (Degree) College, Soro
- Vijayanjali Institute of Technology
- NIST POLYTECHNIC,sergarh,balasore
- Bahanaga High School, Bahanaga
- Bahanaga Nodal U.P. School, Bahanaga
- Manibhadra High School, Gopalpur
- Akhandaleshwar Girls High School, Purbapada, Khaira, Baleshwar.
Barapara Dasharathi High School,Sundhira(Jagannath Parida).
- Anchalika High School, Saun [Harish Kumar Nayak].
- Santaragadia High School, Santaragadia
- Janata High School, Kuruda, Balasore (Abinash Biswal, Mr.Agasti)
- Balasore Police High School
- Balasore Zilla High School
- Govt. High School, Hirapur, Rupsa
- Barabati Girls High School
- Bari High School, Bari
- Bhimeswar High School, Bhimeswar
- Christian High School
- D.A.V Public School,Balasore
- Das Industrial Training Centre
- Balasore Technical School, Mission Compound
- Durgadevi High School, Durgadevi
- Fatepur High school,Fatepur
- Hare Krushna High School, Naraharipur
- Heritage Public School
- Jalada Dalanga Ucha Vidyapith, Khania
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Balasore
- KidZee — Play School
- KIDZEE, Gopalgaon
- Madhu Sudan High School
- Maharshi Vidya Mandir
- Modern Industrial Training Center, Sunhat
- Modern Public School
- M.B. High School, Gopalpur
- M.C High School Aladiha/Baliapal
- Public High School
- Remuna Government Girls High School
- Remuna High School, Remuna
- Sahada High School, Sahada
- Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir, Mitrapur/Remuna/Santaragadia/Soro
- R.N. High School, Markona
- Sarbeswar High School, Baharda, Bhograi
- Sardhapur High School
- Sovarampur High School
- Sri Ram Chandra Sanskrit Toll, Bateswar, Balasore
- St. Vincent's Convent School
- Town High School
- A.p. High School, Srirampur, Balasore
- Panchayat High School, Fulwar Kasaba (Fuladi), Balasore.
- Bhudhar Chandi High School Sajanagarh,Balasore
- Lavana Satyagraha Smruti Vidyapitha, Inchudi, Balasore
- M.R.S High school Kamarasalia, Netua
- Nayak Ramachandra Academy,Mahapada, NIMAPADA
Sports and Entertainment
Cricket is the most popular sport in the city. Due to a shortage of grounds, various modified versions are played everywhere. The city is also represented by the Balasore Baghas in the Odisha Premier League. Apart from cricket, people here loved the game of football,volleyball & other sports.
Balasore has several cinemas playing films in Oriya, Hindi, and English languages. Some of the well-known theatres are Balasore Talkies, MoviEx, Oden, etc.
Sand park at Gandhi smruti Bhawan and Baghajatin park at Phuladi is quite a large and nice park for spending your afternoons and evenings. It is also a popular destination for a mini-picnic.
Nursing homes and Hospitals in Balasore
Industrial and infrastructural development has boosted the healthcare market in Balasore and attracted healthcare corporate houses to set up base in the city. Balasore government hospital was the city's first hospital. The other healthcare facilities of repute are Jyoti Hospital, Kaushalaya Memorial Hospital, Durga Nursing Home, etc.
Current MLA from Balasore Assembly Constituency is Jeeban Pradeep Dash of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. He had won this seat earlier as a BJP candidate in 2000. Other previous MLAs from this seat were Arun Dey (NCP) who won this seat in 2004, Gopa Narayan Das of INC in 1985, and Kartik Chandra Rout of JNP in 1977. Balasore is part of Balasore (Lok Sabha constituency).
- Rocket launch sites
- Indian Space Research Organisation
- Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
- Chandipur travel guide from Wikivoyage
- PanchaLingeswar travel guide from Wikivoyage
- "Climate of Balasore" (PDF). India meteorological department. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 14-Balasore Constituency of ORISSA". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
- "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Balasore.|