In potential theory, a mathematical discipline, balayage (from French: balayage "scanning, sweeping") is a method devised by Henri Poincaré for reconstructing a harmonic function in a domain from its values on the boundary of the domain.
In modern terms, the balayage operator maps a measure μ on a closed domain D to a measure ν on the boundary ∂ D, so that the Newtonian potentials of μ and ν coincide outside . The procedure is called balayage since the mass is "swept out" from D onto the boundary.
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