Balayan, Batangas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Balayan,,Batangasjf0321 15.JPG
Official seal of Balayan
Balayan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°56′N 120°44′E / 13.933°N 120.733°E / 13.933; 120.733Coordinates: 13°56′N 120°44′E / 13.933°N 120.733°E / 13.933; 120.733
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 1st District
Founded 1571
Barangays 48
 • Mayor Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda
 • Total 108.73 km2 (41.98 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 81,805
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4213
Dialing code 43
Income class 1st class

Balayan is a first class municipality in the Province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2010 Philippine Census of Population and Housing, it has a population of 81,805 people.[3]

Balayan is bounded by Tuy on the north; Calatagan and Lian on the west, Calaca on the east and the Balayan Bay on the south. The town is rich among the natural resources of sugarcanes, coconuts and corn. Significant events includes the Parada ng Lechon (every June 24) and the Feast of Immaculate Conception celebrated every December 8 of the year. Widely known products originating from the area include the Bagoong Balayan.


Balayan is derived from the old Tagalog word balayan, meaning 'to walk past the paddy, from a basket to another'[4] and 'carry or accomplish anything with the tip of any batten'.[5] Other possible source is from the old Tagalog word balayang, which means 'wood',[4] as old natives used to call this town up to the present.


Tagalog literatures in Balayan were lost and destroyed at the coming of the Spaniards.[6] Jesuit Father Chirino testifies to it that they found (300) three hundred pre colonial manuscripts in Balayan but believing them to be pagan (as anything non Roman Catholic are called Pagan by the Spaniards), and to facilitate them in the propagation of the Roman Catholic faith, the early Jesuit missionaries recklessly destroyed and burned this historically precious records as their usual method in all their conquered lands.[7]

Scholars and historians believed that Tagalog songs: Kumintang and Kundiman originated from Balayan.[8] In fact, the Spanish writer and historian Wenceslao E. Retana recorded the lyrics of a popular Kundiman when he visited Batangas in 1888 .[9]

Part of Balayan’s beauty is its close affinity to early history. The towns natural position on the basin of a good harbour was one of the reason it became the first lands for local settlements in the Philippines, with existing records of local indigenous Moro (sea coast) and Lumad (inland) residents exchanging barter goods with Chinese traders dating back to the mid-14th century. It was also once the capital of a Moro Sultanate named Bon-bon whose area includes Mindoro to Cavite and even some parts of Metro Manila. The indigenous Moro & Lumad inhabitants of Balayan has close ties with the Brunei Sultanate of Maynilad under the leadership of Rajah Sulayman I and his uncle Rajah Matanda. There are historical accounts that Rajah Sulayman I stayed on this area when he tried to battle the Spaniards around Intramuros.[10]

The capital was later moved to Batangas City (the present capital of Batangas). The Oldest Chapel in Asia is also located in Balayan at Brgy. Ermita, Balayan, Batangas.

Despite the presence of Spanish forces protected by the newly built stonefort in nearby Maynilad or Manila, Fort Santiago and Fort Intramuros Philippines, due to its natural harbor, a number of areas around the archipelago were often become launching grounds of counterattacks from the seafaring Moro in partnership with the oppressed natives as guides. In the mid-18th century, retrieving what they considered their past territory of the Sultanates, the Bangsamoro with the help of the remaining downtrodden natives, were able to take over the towns and nearby environs, as proof of native support yearning to return to the vibrant trading Sultanate with its westward contacts in Nusantara (Indonesia, Malaysia, Borneo, Brunei) the natives which are also of Melayu lineage was able to hold it under their control for two months. When they are forced to retreat due to Spanish reinforcements, the Moro and Lumad alliance has decided to burn the whole town rather than its structure falling into use by colonialist hands. Those natives that cannot find boats to withdraw southwards migrated to nearby lands while those weak to walk stayed. The event prompted local Spanish officials to set up a fort to prevent yearly Moro counterattacks to regain their Sultanates, while the colonial Spanish extracts more taxation and compulsory labor requirements from the local populace who had no choice but to stay behind.

Much of the town’s life has been socially engineered to by force to embrace Spanish colonial culture, starting with the coming of Franciscan friars in 1572.


Balayan is a lowland town in Western Batangas with a total land area of 108.73 km2. The largest barangay in the town is Brgy. Patugo while the smallest is Brgy. District 12.


Balayan is strategically located at the center of Western Batangas. The town is bounded by Tuy on the north; Nasugbu on the north-east; Calaca on the east; Lian on the west; Calatagan on the south-west; and Balayan Bay on the south. Distance from Manila, the country’s capital, is about 107 kilometres (66 mi) and approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Batangas City.


Balayan falls under the first type of climate: Dry season from November to April and Wet season from May to October. Balayan’s Atmospheric Temperature is 28.5 inches – 29.8 inches (English Mercurial Barometer Scale). The average annual temperature in Balayan is 27.2 °C. The Average Annual Rainfall is 73.39 inches.


Balayan Church

Balayan is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.

Barangay Captain SK Chairman Area
Pop. density
(per hectare)
Baclaran Henry Garcia 146.62 2,220 15
Barangay 1 Pablo "Jing" Hernandez 17.53 1,938 111
Barangay 2 Peter Punzalan 6.16 1,394 226
Barangay 3 Virgilio C. Sale 12.31 1,185 96
Barangay 4 Restituto D. Andal Charmaine A. De Sagun 34.86 1,851 53
Barangay 5 Eulogio M. Bautista 13.22 1,758 133
Barangay 6 Nestor M. Gutierrez 19.34 998 52
Barangay 7 Roberto D. Anzaldo 6.04 339 56
Barangay 8 Romualdo Dela Cruz Abiad Ian Gaudioso Abiad De Lunas 11.03 2,130 193
Barangay 9 Ricardo B. Gaa Rica Magpantay 4.85 1,446 298
Barangay 10 Eduardo B. Ramos 13.09 2,845 217
Barangay 11 Joemarie P. Rivera 7.27 1,321 182
Barangay 12 Romeo F. Erilla, Jr. 2.48 300 121
Calan Concepcion R. Landicho Louie Castillo 251 964 3
Caloocan Reynaldo A. Ballelos 238.66 4,888 20
Calzada / Ermita Gerardo M. Creag 42.87 1,416 33
Canda Gil V. Perez 220.34 1,450 6
Carenahan Arnel Hernandez 154.54 1,030 6
Caybunga Teresito I. Alaras 102.68 841 8
Cayponce Gregorio D. Alday 244.52 1,388 5
Dalig Rodrigo B. Ali-Ali 542.5 3,008 5
Dao Celso A. Julongbayan 339.51 1,445 4
Dilao Gregorio A. Carcabuso 353.53 1,442 4
Duhatan Sonny Alaras 469.9 1,518 3
Durungao Filomeno P. Tolentino 150.05 937 6
Gimalas Leonilo C. Indemne 110.55 1,549 14
Gumamela Raul B. de Jesus Billy James C. Abellera 172.25 2,595 15
Lagnas Andres P. Bautista 185.04 929 5
Lanatan Bernabe S. Bendaña 174.99 2,715 15
Langgangan Oliva B. Casal 26.54 1,194 44
Lucban Getulio I. Arroyo 220.26 1,551 7
Magabe Edgardo D. Castillo 558.31 1,779 3
Malalay Rufino C. de Castro 219.62 1,063 4
Munting Tubig Rolando G. Butiong 118.29 1,534 12
Navotas Leonilo C. Torreliza Regie Alday 110.65 3,451 32
Patugo Adriano B. Pinano 1752.88 1,885 1
Palikpikan Renato C. Banaguas 355.07 1,150 3
Pooc Andres H. Cabungcal 280.34 2,267 8
Putol Florencio H. Mendoza 290.66 1,383 4
Sambat Bernardo C. Pantoja 248.3 2,345 9
Sampaga Rene S. Comia 141.85 2,386 16
San Juan Elmer V. del Carmen 27.09 1,738 64
San Piro Annabel D. de los Reyes 272.02 3,377 12
Santol Eutiquio R. de Lunas 241.11 2,385 9
Sucol Antonio DL. Liwanag 164.3 837 5
Tactac Eutiquio S. Pedraza 339.1 932 2
Taludtod Eulalio H. Marquez Darwin Cortez 203.23 1,165 5
Tanggoy Epifanio B. Baon 394.15 1,543 3


Population census of Balayan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 53,870 —    
1995 62,244 +2.74%
2000 67,170 +1.65%
2007 79,407 +2.34%
2010 81,805 +1.09%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

As of 2010, the total population of Balayan is 81,805 with a population density of 750 inhabitants per km². The population of the poblacion in Balayan is 17,505 with 14,834 inhabitants per km². The most populous barangay is Barangay Caloocan, with 4,888 inhabitants, while the least populous is Barangay 12, with only 300 inhabitants.

The main language used by the people in Balayan is Tagalog but some of them can still speak and understand basic Spanish. Literate people can speak English but it is often used in formal occasions or events only.


Casa Cacao Balayan Batangas

Not known to many, even though Balayan houses historical sites, it also houses huge and well-developed industrial sites that adds up to the progress of the municipality. Here are the list of Industrial Sites in Balayan, Batangas:

Phil Steel Corporation (Steelcorp)

The largest and most trusted manufacturer of world class coated steel sheets, coils and irons for use of an even more diverge range of applications.

Batangas Sugar Cane Central

The mother company of Muscuvado Food Sugar Corp. This 30-year-old veteran in processing sugar cane in Balayan, Batangas has the capacity to mill over 100 MT of raw sugar cane daily during the crop’s harvest season which is normally from January to June of every year.

Balayan Science Park

Southpoint Science Park is a 31-hectare property in Gimalas, Balayan, Batangas that is intended for mixed-use development. Land development is still ongoing.



Literacy rate: 96.5% (males) - 97.1%( females)

Immaculate Conception College

Balayan has several schools, institutions and university both public and private located within and outside the Poblacion.

Public schools include:

Private schools include:

  • Immaculate Conception College
  • Blessed Christ Child Montessori Foundation
  • Balayan Colleges
  • Balayan Kiddie Learning Center
  • Our Lady of Miracles Learning Center
  • STI College - Balayan
  • Kim Harold Computer and Technical School (Fraternidad St., 4th Floor, Matheus Building)
  • Core Science Academy
  • Saint Paul College Balayan
  • Schola Nazaria Inc.


The hospitals in Balayan include:

  • Western Batangas Medical Center
  • Bayview Hospital
  • Don Manuel Lopez Memorial District Hospital
  • Madonna General Hospital
  • Metro Balayan Medical Center (Under Construction)


Balayan BayWalk Park

On January 2009, Balayan renovated a mini park which will provide locals and tourists a view of Balayan Bay similar to what we see in the country’s capital. A 500 square-meter park is just enough for you to see how fascinating and breathtaking Balayan’s shore is.

There are numerous resorts located in Balayan. Some of the notable ones are:

  • Ocean Park Beach Resort
  • Starcove Resort
  • Eastern Star Resort
  • La Piscina
  • King and Queen Resort
  • Prime Beach Resort
  • Malabanan Pool and Pavilion
  • Cimpulo Beach Resort
  • La Jamayca Resort
  • Blue Dolphin Beach Resort

Local government[edit]

Balayan Town Hall

Incumbent officials:

  • Mayor – Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda
  • Vice-Mayor – Joel T. Arada
  • Councillors:
    • Rodel L. Macalindong
    • E. Salvador II P. Fronda
    • Rommel II M. Castelo
    • Jasmin Andal
    • Cristeta C. Esperon
    • Danilo A. Pamintuan
    • Rita C. Abiad
    • Francisco "Cocoy" S. Ramos


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Juan José de Noceda and Pedro de Sanlúcar, Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala, (Manila: Imprenta de Ramírez y Giraudier, 1860), 30.
  5. ^ de Noceda and de Sanlúcar, 369.
  6. ^ Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 20.
  7. ^ Chirino's Relacion de las Islas Filipinas 1493-1898.
  8. ^ Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 18.
  9. ^ Wenceslao Emilio, El Indio Batangueño: (estudio etnográfico), 25.
  10. ^ Blair and Robertson

External links[edit]