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Location within Batangas province
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Barangays||48 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda|
|• Total||108.73 km2 (41.98 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|• Voter (2016)||46,848|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)43|
|Income class||1st class|
Balayan, officially the Municipality of Balayan (Filipino: Bayan ng Balayan), is a municipality in the province of Batangas in the Calabarzon (Region IV-A) of the Philippines. The population was 90,699 at the 2015 census. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 46,848 registered voters.
Balayan is bounded on the north by Tuy, west by Calatagan and Lian, east by Calaca, and south by the Balayan Bay. The town is rich among the natural resources of sugarcanes, coconuts and corn. Significant events includes the Parada ng Lechon (every June 24) and the Feast of Immaculate Conception celebrated annually every December 8. Widely known products originating from the area include the Bagoong Balayan.
Balayan is derived from the Old Tagalog word balayan, meaning "to walk past the paddy, from a basket to another" and "carry or accomplish anything with the tip of any batten". Other possible source is from the old Tagalog word balayang, which means "wood", as old natives used to call this town up to the present.
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Tagalog literatures in Balayan were lost and destroyed at the coming of the Spaniards. Jesuit Father Chirino testifies to it that they found (300) three hundred pre colonial manuscripts in Balayan but believing them to be pagan (as anything non Roman Catholic are called Pagan by the Spaniards), and to facilitate them in the propagation of the Roman Catholic faith, the early Jesuit missionaries recklessly destroyed and burned this historically precious records as their usual method in all their conquered lands.
Scholars and historians[who?] believed that Tagalog songs: Kumintang and Kundiman originated from Balayan. In fact, the Spanish writer and historian Wenceslao E. Retana recorded the lyrics of a popular Kundiman when he visited Batangas in 1888 .
Balayan has a close affinity to early history. The towns position on the basin of a good harbour was one of the reasons it became the first lands for local settlements in the Philippines, with existing records of local indigenous Moro (sea coast) and Lumad (inland) residents exchanging barter goods with Chinese traders dating back to the mid-14th century. It was also once the capital of a Moro Sultanate named Bon-bon whose area includes Mindoro to Cavite and even some parts of Metro Manila. The indigenous Moro & Lumad inhabitants of Balayan has close ties with the Brunei Sultanate of Maynilad under the leadership of Rajah Sulayman I and his uncle Rajah Matanda. There are historical accounts that Rajah Sulayman I stayed on this area when he tried to battle the Spaniards around Intramuros.
Despite the presence of Spanish forces protected by the newly built stonefort in nearby Maynilad or Manila, Fort Santiago and Fort Intramuros Philippines, due to its natural harbor, a number of areas around the archipelago were often become launching grounds of counterattacks from the seafaring Moro in partnership with the oppressed natives as guides. In the mid-18th century, retrieving what they considered their past territory of the Sultanates, the Bangsamoro with the help of the remaining downtrodden natives, were able to take over the towns and nearby environs, as proof of native support yearning to return to the vibrant trading Sultanate with its westward contacts in Nusantara (Indonesia, Malaysia, Borneo, Brunei) the natives which are also of Melayu lineage was able to hold it under their control for two months. When they are forced to retreat due to Spanish reinforcements, the Moro and Lumad alliance has decided to burn the whole town rather than its structure falling into use by colonialist hands. Those natives that cannot find boats to withdraw southwards migrated to nearby lands while those weak to walk stayed. The event prompted local Spanish officials to set up a fort to prevent yearly Moro counterattacks to regain their Sultanates, while the colonial Spanish extracts more taxation and compulsory labor requirements from the local populace who had no choice but to stay behind.
Balayan is a lowland town in western Batangas at.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 108.73 square kilometres (41.98 sq mi)  constituting 3.49% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.
Distance from Manila, the country’s capital, is about 107 kilometres (66 mi) and approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Batangas City.
Balayan is strategically located at the center of western Batangas. The town is bounded on the north by Tuy, north-east by Nasugbu, east by Calaca, west by Lian, south-west by Calatagan, and south by the Balayan Bay.
Balayan falls under the first type of climate: Dry season from November to April and Wet season from May to October. Balayan’s Atmospheric Temperature is 28.5 inches – 29.8 inches (English Mercurial Barometer Scale). The average annual temperature in Balayan is 27.2 °C (81.0 °F). The Average Annual Rainfall is 73.39 inches (1,864 mm).
|041003003||Barangay 1 (Poblacion)||2.4%||2,194||1,938||2.39%|
|041003004||Barangay 10 (Poblacion)||3.5%||3,184||2,845||2.17%|
|041003005||Barangay 11 (Poblacion)||1.5%||1,332||1,321||0.16%|
|041003006||Barangay 12 (Poblacion)||0.4%||363||300||3.70%|
|041003007||Barangay 2 (Poblacion)||1.2%||1,119||1,394||−4.10%|
|041003008||Barangay 3 (Poblacion)||1.4%||1,269||1,185||1.31%|
|041003009||Barangay 4 (Poblacion)||2.2%||1,982||1,851||1.31%|
|041003010||Barangay 5 (Poblacion)||2.1%||1,871||1,758||1.19%|
|041003011||Barangay 6 (Poblacion)||1.1%||1,027||998||0.55%|
|041003012||Barangay 7 (Poblacion)||0.4%||402||339||3.30%|
|041003013||Barangay 8 (Poblacion)||2.6%||2,365||2,130||2.01%|
|041003014||Barangay 9 (Poblacion)||1.7%||1,511||1,446||0.84%|
|Population census of Balayan|
In the 2015 census, Balayan had a population of 90,699. The population density was 830 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,100/sq mi).
The main language used by the people in Balayan is Tagalog but some can still speak and understand basic Spanish. Literate people can speak English but it is often used in formal occasions or events only.
In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 46,848 registered voters.
- Mayor – Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda
- Vice-Mayor – Joel T. Arada
- Rodel L. Macalindong
- E. Salvador II P. Fronda
- Rommel II M. Castelo
- Jasmin Andal
- Cristeta C. Esperon
- Danilo A. Pamintuan
- Rita C. Abiad
- Francisco "Cocoy" S. Ramos
- Jhomari Mahilum
Not known to many, Balayan houses industrial sites, some of which include:
- Phil Steel Corporation (Steelcorp) – manufacturer of world class coated steel sheets, coils and irons
- Batangas Sugar Cane Central – the mother company of Muscuvado Food Sugar Corp. processing sugar cane with the capacity to mill over 100 MT of raw sugar cane daily during the crop’s harvest season which is normally from January to June of every year
- Balayan Science Park – Southpoint Science Park is a 31-hectare property in Gimalas intended for mixed-use development[clarification needed]. Land development is still ongoing.[when?]
Balayan has several schools, institutions and university both public and private located within and outside the Poblacion.
Public schools include:
- Balayan East Central School
- Balayan West Central School
- Balayan National High School
- Batangas State University – Balayan Campus
Private schools include:
- Immaculate Conception College
- Blessed Christ Child Montessori Foundation
- Balayan Colleges
- Balayan Kiddie Learning Center
- Our Lady of Miracles Learning Center
- STI College – Balayan
- Kim Harold Computer and Technical School (Fraternidad St.)
- Core Science Academy
- Saint Paul College Balayan
- Schola Nazaria Inc.
Hospitals in Balayan include:
- Western Batangas Medical Center
- Bayview Hospital
- Don Manuel Lopez Memorial District Hospital
- Metro Balayan Medical Center
- Balayan BayWalk Park – On January 2009, Balayan renovated a mini park which will provide locals and tourists a view of Balayan Bay similar to what is seen in the country’s capital.
Notable resorts are:
- Ocean Park Beach Resort
- Starcove Resort
- Eastern Star Resort
- La Piscina
- King and Queen Resort
- Prime Beach Resort
- Malabanan Pool and Pavilion
- Cimpulo Beach Resort
- La Jamayca Resort
- Blue Dolphin Beach Resort
- Immaculate Conception Parish Church (Balayan)
- Ermita Church
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- Juan José de Noceda and Pedro de Sanlúcar, Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala, (Manila: Imprenta de Ramírez y Giraudier, 1860), 30.
- de Noceda and de Sanlúcar, 369.
- Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 20.
- Chirino's Relacion de las Islas Filipinas 1493–1898.
- Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 18.
- Wenceslao Emilio, El Indio Batangueño: (estudio etnográfico), 25.
- Blair and Robertson
- "Municipal: Balayan, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balayan, Batangas.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Balayan.|