Baldev Raj Chopra
|Baldev Raj Chopra|
|Born||Baldev Raj Chopra
22 April 1914
Ludhiana, Punjab Province, British India
(now in Punjab, India)
|Died||5 November 2008
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Other names||B. R. Chopra|
|Relatives||See Chopra-Johar family|
Baldev Raj Chopra (B. R. Chopra) (22 April 1914 – 5 November 2008) was an Indian director and producer of Bollywood movies and television serials. Best known for making Hindi films like Naya Daur (1957), Sadhna (1958), Kanoon (1961), Gumrah (1963) and Humraaz (1967) and the TV series, Mahabharat in the late 1980s, he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1998.
Chopra was born in Ludhiana, India, the son of Vilayati Raj Chopra, an employee of the PWD. He was the second of several siblings; one of his brothers is the film-maker Yash Chopra, and among his sisters is Hiroo Johar, wife of the film-maker Yash Johar.
"B.R." received an M.A. in English literature from University of the Punjab in Lahore. He started his career in 1944 as a film journalist with Cine Herald, a film-monthly published in Lahore, he later took over the magazine and ran it until 1947. In the same year, he launched a film with a story by I. S. Johar, Chandni Chowk. Naeem Hashmi was hero of this movie and Erika Rukhshi was the heroine. Just as the production of film was to start, riots broke out in Lahore and he and his family had to flee from the city. After the partition of India into India and Pakistan in 1947, he moved to Delhi. He later moved to Mumbai, where his first production, Karwat, began in 1948, though it turned out to be a flop. His first film as a director, Afsana, was released in 1951 and featured Ashok Kumar in a double role – the film was a hit and established his name in Bollywood. Chopra made Chandni Chowk, with Meena Kumari as a lead, in 1954. In 1955, B.R. formed his own production house, B.R Films. His first movie for this production house was the highly successful Naya Daur (1957) starring Dilip Kumar and Vyjayantimala Bali, the film became a golden jubilee hit. In 1963, he was a member of the jury at the 13th Berlin International Film Festival.
B.R. was instrumental in developing the career of singer Mahendra Kapoor, whom he employed in most of his movies. (Director-producer Yash Chopra cast Mahendra Kapoor's son in Faasle.) One prominent thing about B. R. Chopra is that except for one or two songs in his films like 'Dhool Ka Phool' he did not allow Lata Mangeshkar's playback and stuck to Asha Bhonsle for all the remaining songs of his films. Also, Mohd. Rafi sang only a couple of songs for him (in 'Dhool ka Phool' and 'The Burning Train'). The reason behind this was never revealed by him or the singers.
B.R. forayed into television with Mahabharat, one of the most successful TV serials in Indian television history. Nitish Bharadwaj played the role of Krishna in that series. Another of his memorable TV dramas is Bahadur Shah Zafar.
- Civilian awards
- 1960: Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film in Hindi – Kanoon
- 1961: President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film in Hindi – Dharmputra (Producer)
- 1998: Dadasaheb Phalke Award
- Other Awards
- 1998: Kalakar Awards for Lifetime Achievement
- 2008: Phalke Ratna Award by the Dadasaheb Phalke Academy
- Ghar (1978)
- Ek Hi Raasta (1956)
- Naya Daur (1957)
- Sadhna (1958)
- Kanoon (1961)
- Gumrah (1963)
- Humraz (1967)
- Dastan (1972)
- Dhund (1973)
- Karm (1977)
- Pati Patni Aur Woh (1978)
- Insaf Ka Tarazoo (1980)
- Nikaah (1982)
- Awam (1987)
- Kal Ki Awaz (1992)
- Dhool Ka Phool (1959)
- Waqt (1965)
- Ittefaq (1969)
- Admi Aur Insan (1970)
- Zameer (1975)
- Chhoti Si Bāt (1976)
- The Burning Train (1979)
- Agni Pareeksha (1981)
- Mazdoor (1983)
- Aaj Ki Awaaz (1984)
- Kirayadar (1986)
- Dahleez (1986)
- Mahabharat (1988 TV series) (1988)
- Pratigyabadh (1991)
- Baghban (2003)
- Baabul (2006)
- B.R.Chopra made socially relevant films The Hindu, 6 November 2008.
- B.R. CHOPRA – Purposeful Film Maker – 30th Recipient – 1998 Dadasaheb Phalke Award.
- Films transformed Chopra's destiny and vice-versa The Times of India, 6 November 2008.
- "Berlinale: Juries". berlinale.de. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Filmmaker B.R. Chopra dead
- Bollywood producer BR Chopra dies BBC News, 5 November 2008.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- "8th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- "9th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India.
|Wikinews has related news: Indian filmmaker Baldev Raj Chopra dies at age 94|