Baldoyle

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Baldoyle
Baile Dúill
Suburb
Baldoyle is located in Ireland
Baldoyle
Baldoyle
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°23′48″N 6°07′36″W / 53.39659°N 6.12664°W / 53.39659; -6.12664Coordinates: 53°23′48″N 6°07′36″W / 53.39659°N 6.12664°W / 53.39659; -6.12664
Country  Ireland
Province Leinster
County Dublin
Local authority Fingal

Baldoyle (Irish: Baile Dúill) is a coastal suburb of Dublin's northside. It is located in the southeastern part of the jurisdiction of Fingal, Ireland, developed from a former fishing village.

Baldoyle is also a civil parish in the barony of Coolock within the historic County Dublin.[1]

Location and Access[edit]

Planned DART, including the new Clongriffin DART station on Grange Road to serve inner Baldoyle

Baldoyle is located north east of the city, and borders Donaghmede, which was formed from its western part, Portmarnock, Sutton and Bayside. It can be accessed from the coast road from Dublin to Howth, which includes a cycle track, from Sutton Cross via Station Road, or from Donaghmede, or Portmarnock.

Baldoyle is served by Dublin Bus and Irish Rail, the latter currently via the Sutton and Bayside stations on the Howth Branch of the DART, and by Clongriffin station on the Northern Branch, which is also the Dublin-Belfast main line. The railway line functions as the western boundary of the area.

Areas neighbouring Baldoyle are Sutton, Bayside, Portmarnock and Donaghmede, including Clongriffin.

Geography[edit]

Baldoyle is mostly level coastal plains, with the Mayne River crossing in its northern parts, taking in the Grange Stream, and other tributaries from the south. The Mayne and some of its tributaries have a history of flooding, and one person even drowned in 1993.[citation needed] The Mayne passes under the railway line through a bridge structure known as the "Red Arches."

A major townland of Baldoyle, encompassing much of what is now Donaghmede, is Grange, indicating that it was previously farmland.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The district name derives from baile meaning town and dubh-ghaill meaning "dark (-haired) stranger", the name given by the Gaels to the Danes to distinguish them from the Norwegians or "fair (-haired) strangers" (finn-ghaill) who first settled in Ireland in 841-842.[2] While it is sometimes rendered as "Doyle's town" with reference to the personal name Doyle which itself derives from dubh-ghaill, there is no evidence for this usage - see previous references.

Features and Development[edit]

Baldoyle village today has a coastal main street, with a Roman Catholic church, a community hall, a modern county library branch with sea views, some shops and pubs. Slightly inland, among the older suburban houses, are a small shopping precinct containing a Lidl supermarket, a football club, another Roman Catholic church, and other amenities. On the approach from the coast road is a well-known pub, the Elphin.

Many businesses in the area are represented by the Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce.

Baldoyle Industrial Estate[edit]

On Grange Road towards Donaghmede is a light industrial estate, with more than forty businesses and the local An Post sorting and delivery office. Businesses located there include major generic pharmaceuticals player Mylan, the largest tenant of the estate, Irish Papers, Grange Builders Providers, Poolbeg Press, Curtis & Lees, Ireland's Eye Knitwear, Grange Electrical Wholesalers, Baldoyle Print and Forest Tosara, producers of Sudocrem (invented in Dublin). At the front of the estate is a service station.

Housing developments[edit]

In recent years Baldoyle has been at the centre of a large house building programme, with the former racecourse having been sold to developers. The new developments have begun, as "The Coast", facing a new local centre at the northern edge of Donaghmede, Clongriffin. Clongriffin Dart station opened in April 2010 serving Baldoyle and racecourse developments such as "The Coast", and northern Donaghmede.

Parks[edit]

Seagrange Park is a public park that includes a modern playground and sports pitches. A new public park was to be built on part of the former racecourse lands, including a wildlife or nature park, and while this is still pending, a community garden is maintained on part of those lands.

Christian Brothers[edit]

Among the local residents are the retired members of the Congregation of Christian Brothers, whose retirement home is located in the town. There is a graveyard where approx 1000 members of the Christian Brothers are buried.[3]

Education[edit]

In the centre of the village is a secondary school for girls, St. Mary's, while further inland is a large co-educational secondary school, Pobalscoil Neasáin. There is a co-educational primary school, St. Laurence's National School, catering for children aged 4-12, and with junior and senior buildings. Formerly St. Peter and Paul's BNS and St. Mary's GNS, the schools amalgamated from the beginning of the 2013/2014 school year to become St. Laurence's National School. Junior Infants to 2nd Class pupils attend the junior school in the Grange Road campus (the former girls' school), while 3rd Class to 6th Class pupils attend the senior school in the Brookstone Road campus (the former boys' school). Both buildings are within minutes of each other. Also in the village area is a special needs primary school run by St. Micheals house.

Religion[edit]

Baldoyle is a parish in the Howth deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin.[4]

History[edit]

Church of St. Laurence O'Toole, Baldoyle

Baldoyle with its sheltered waterside location, was a Viking base for many years, eventually suppressed by an attack by the King of Leinster.

A description of Baldoyle from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, Dublin, 1837 gives a useful summary of what was then a substantial rural fishing village:

The village is pleasantly situated on an inlet or creek of the Irish Sea, to the north of the low isthmus that connect Howth, with the mainland: it comprises about 200 houses, and is much frequented in summer for sea-bathing. Some of the inhabitants are engaged in the fishery, which at the commencement of the present century employed nine wherries belonging to this place, averaging seven or eight men each; at present nearly 100 men are so, engaged. Sir W. de Windsor, lord-justice of Ireland, held a parliament here in 1369. The creek is formed between the mainland and the long tract of sand on the north of Howth, at the point of which, near that port, a white buoy is placed; it is fit only for small craft. The manor was granted to the priory of All Saints, Dublin, by Diarmit, the son of Murchard, King of Leinster, who founded that house in 1166.

The parliament mentioned above was held at Grange Church, better known as "Grange Abbey", which now lies in Donaghmede and was partly restored in the late 20th century.[citation needed]

Baldoyle Racecourse[edit]

Steeplechase for the Metropolitan Plate at Baldoyle Racecourse, 16 March 1923

For most of the 20th century, Baldoyle was well known for its racecourse, which was one of three in the Dublin metropolitan area. Open land in the village had been an informal venue for horse races in the early nineteenth century, and annual race meetings at the site were proposed in 1842.[5] A new enclosed course was opened in May 1874, which continued in regular use for more than a century, until it was closed in August 1972 due to financial difficulties related to the potential costs of necessary renovations.[6] The following year, on 31 October 1973, one of the most spectacular and audacious escapes from an Irish prison took place when three of the Provisional IRA's key personnel were airlifted to freedom in a hijacked helicopter from Mountjoy Prison. The helicopter touched down at the disused racecourse where the IRA members escaped in waiting cars.

For several years during the 1960s, Baldoyle Racecourse became the destination for annual sponsored charity walks, which were intended to raise funds for the Central Remedial Clinic.[citation needed]

Sport[edit]

Football[edit]

Baldoyle is home to Baldoyle United FC, with teams in the NDSL, MGL and AUL, and principal facilities at Brookstone Road. There were for a period two clubs, Baldoyle United and Grange United, which merged in 2015 [7]. A combined name, Baldoyle Grange United, was announced for the senior teams but the remaining activity was continued as simple Baldoyle United.

GAA[edit]

Na Dubh Ghall are the local GAA club and have teams across all age groups catering for both girls and boys, and play at Racecourse Park[8].[citation needed]

Badminton[edit]

Baldoyle has a dedicated badminton centre on Grange Road, one of the two centres of Leinster Badminton, with eight courts. There is an active local club, Baldoyle District Badminton Club, based there, and it is also used substantially by several other clubs, including two from Raheny.[9]

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland - Baldoyle civil parish
  2. ^ Irish Names of Places, Vol. I., p. 350, and Mervyn Archdall's Monasticon Hibernicum, edited by Cardinal Moran; Vol. II, p. 21, note; Dublin: W. B. Kelly, 1873
  3. ^ Christian Brothers Cemetery Find a Grave.
  4. ^ Official website Archived 7 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. - Baldoyle parish
  5. ^ "Baldoyle Races". Freeman's Journal. 13 June 1842. Retrieved 27 January 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ Hurley, Michael (Spring 2006). "Baldoyle as a Racecourse Village". Dublin Historical Record. 59 (1): 65–80. JSTOR 30101607. (Registration required (help)). 
  7. ^ Baldoyle United and Grange United to Merge, 3 Jul 2015
  8. ^ Na Dubh Ghall - Pitch Locator
  9. ^ Baldoyle Badminton Centre

External links[edit]