Baldwin Hotel (San Francisco)

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Baldwin Hotel and Theatre
Baldwin Hotel and Theatre
Baldwin Hotel is located in San Francisco County
Baldwin Hotel
Baldwin Hotel
Baldwin Hotel is located in California
Baldwin Hotel
Baldwin Hotel
Baldwin Hotel is located in the US
Baldwin Hotel
Baldwin Hotel
General information
Type Masonry on steel
Address Market and Powell Streets, San Francisco
Town or city San Francisco
Country United States
Coordinates 37°47′06″N 122°24′27″W / 37.7849°N 122.4074°W / 37.7849; -122.4074
Completed 1875–76
Destroyed 1898
Owner Lucky Baldwin
Design and construction
Architect Sumner Bugbee,
Second Empire style

Baldwin Hotel was a 19th-century luxury hotel and theatre built by Comstock Lode millionaire, entrepreneur, and gambler Elias Jackson "Lucky" Baldwin, formerly in downtown San Francisco, California. It was located on Powell Street at the corner of Market Street, near the Union Square area.

History[edit]

Baldwin Hotel and Theatre,
on Powell Street at Market.

The Baldwin Theatre was completed in 1875, and the Baldwin Hotel was completed around it in 1876. The hotel was designed in the Second Empire style by architect Sumner Bugbee.

The theatre featured touring performers and it was first known as Baldwin's Academy of Music. Most of the touring performers of the day appeared there.[1] The hotel and theatre occupied the entire block. The ground floor was divided into a number of large stores.

A theatre attendee, Mrs. Frank Leslie, described the building in 1877:

"In the evening, by way of severe contrast [to the Mission Dolores they visited earlier that day], we went to Baldwin's Theatre, attached to the hotel of the same name and just finished. It is really the prettiest to be seen in any part of the world -- a perfect little gem, fitted up like a bonbonniere in crimson satin and gold. The six proscenium boxes on either side, and the row of French boxes at the back are marvelously pretty. Nothing could be more rich and exquisite in refinement of taste. The symmetry of the house is unmarred by rows of pillars, the galleries being suspended from the roof." [2]

Destruction[edit]

The entire building was destroyed by fire in 1898.[3][4][5] [6] Two people were killed, and the adjacent Columbia Theater building on Powell Street suffered considerable damage. [7] After the Baldwin Hotel building was demolished, the Flood Building was built on the site in 1904.

References[edit]

External links[edit]