Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders

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Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders
Baldwin IV of Flanders.jpg
Born980
Died(1035-05-30)30 May 1035
Noble familyHouse of Flanders
Spouse(s)Ogive of Luxembourg
Eleanor of Normandy
Issue
FatherArnulf II, Count of Flanders
MotherRozala of Italy

Baldwin IV (980 – 30 May 1035), called the Bearded,[1] was Count of Flanders from 987.

Biography[edit]

Baldwin IV, born c. 980, was the son of Arnulf II, Count of Flanders (c. 961 — 987) and Rozala of Italy (950/60 – 1003), of the House of Ivrea.[2] He succeeded his father as Count of Flanders in 987,[2] but with his mother Rozala as the regent until his majority.

In contrast to his predecessors Baldwin turned his attention eastward, leaving the southern part of his territory in the hands of his vassals the counts of Guînes, Hesdin, and St. Pol.[3]

To the north of the county Baldwin was given Zeeland as a fief by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II, while on the right bank of the Scheldt river he received Valenciennes (1013) and parts of the Cambresis as well as Saint-Omer and the northern Ternois (1020).[4]

In the French territories of the count of Flanders, the supremacy of the Baldwin remained unchallenged. They organized a great deal of colonization of marshland along the coastline of Flanders and enlarged the harbour and city of Brugge. Baldwin IV died on 30 May 1035.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Baldwin first married Ogive of Luxembourg, daughter of Frederick of Luxembourg,[5] by whom he had a son and heir:

He later married Eleanor of Normandy, daughter of Richard II of Normandy,[7] by whom he had a daughter:

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His daughter Matilda of Flanders married William the Conqueror making Baldwin IV a progenitor of the Norman Kings of England.[2][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John E. Morby, "The Sobriquets of Medieval European Princes", Canadian Journal of History, 13:1 (1978), p. 9. Baldwin called himself Honesta Barba (true beard) in his own charters.
  2. ^ a b c d Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 5
  3. ^ Jean Dunbabin. France in the Making 843-1180, Second Edition (Oxford; New York; Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 208
  4. ^ Heather J Tanner, Families, Friends, and Allies: Boulogne and Politics in Northern France and England c. 879–1160 (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2004), pp. 73, 75-6, 77–8
  5. ^ Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Vol.V, Royal Ancestry Series, Salt Lake City, Utah (2013), p. 497
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference RMS214 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ a b Philip Grierson, 'The Relations between England and Flanders before the Norman Conquest', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 23 (1941), pp. 109-110


Preceded by
Arnulf II
Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg Count of Flanders
partly with Rozala of Lombardy as regent

987–1035
Succeeded by
Baldwin V