Baldwin River (Michigan)

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Baldwin River
Location
CountryUnited States
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationLake County, Michigan
Mouth 
Pere Marquette River
 - elevation
817 ft (249 m)[1]

The Baldwin River is a 25.2-mile-long (40.6 km)[2] stream in the U.S. state of Michigan.

The river rises out of Wide Waters[3] on the southern edge of the Baldwin Luther Swamp[4] in Newkirk Township, Lake County at 43°59′32″N 85°45′58″W / 43.99222°N 85.76611°W / 43.99222; -85.76611 (Baldwin River (source)). Several tributaries rise in the hills to the east of the swamp, and one stream labeled as the Baldwin River on USGS topographic maps rises in section 23 just southwest of the village of Luther.

The river flows south into Cherry Valley Township then to the southwest into the village of Baldwin, where it is joined by Sanborn Creek. The GNIS entry for Baldwin River records the mouth as being on the Sanborn Creek at 43°53′27″N 85°50′44″W / 43.89083°N 85.84556°W / 43.89083; -85.84556 (Baldwin River (mouth)).[1] However, USGS topographic maps show the stream continuing southwest into the Pere Marquette River labeled as both the Baldwin River and Sanborn Creek. The GNIS entry for Sanborn Creek indicates it is also known as the Baldwin River. The stream empties into the Pere Marquette at 43°51′36″N 85°52′20″W / 43.86000°N 85.87222°W / 43.86000; -85.87222 (Sanborn Creek (mouth))[5] and thence into Lake Michigan.

The river is notable in American history as the location of the first introduction of brown trout (Salmo trutta) into U.S. waters when on April 11, 1884 the U.S. Fish Commission released 4900 brown trout fry from the Northville, Michigan fish hatchery into the river.[6]

Tributaries[edit]

From the mouth on the Pere Marquette River:

  • (right) Sanborn Creek[5]
    • (right) Foreman Lakes[7]
  • (right Leverentz Lake[8]
  • (right) Cole Creek[9]
    • (right) South Branch Cole Creek[10]
    • (left) North Branch Cole Creek[11]
  • Wide Waters[3]
  • Baldwin Luther Swamp[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Baldwin River (Michigan)
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed November 21, 2011
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wide Waters
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Baldwin Luther Swamp
  5. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sanborn Creek
  6. ^ Behnke, Robert J.; Williams, Ted (2007). "Brown Trout-Winter 1986". About Trout: The Best of Robert J. Behnke from Trout Magazine. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot. pp. 45–50. ISBN 978-1-59921-203-6.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Foreman Lakes
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Leverentz Lake
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cole Creek
  10. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Branch Cole Creek
  11. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Branch Cole Creek
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Big Spring