Balearic regional election, 2011

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Balearic regional election, 2011
Balearic Islands
← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 59 seats in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands
30 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 726,287 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.0%
Turnout 427,093 (58.8%)
Red Arrow Down.svg1.3 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  José Ramón Bauzà 2011 (cropped).jpg Francesc Antich (cropped).jpg Biel Barceló.JPG
Leader José Ramón Bauzà Francesc Antich Gabriel Barceló
Party PP PSIB–PSOE PSMIVExM
Leader since 11 September 2009 9 November 1998 27 May 2006
Leader's seat Majorca Majorca Majorca
Last election 29 seats, 46.5% 22 seats, 32.5% 5 seats, 9.8%[a]
Seats won 35 19 5
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6 Red Arrow Down.svg3 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 196,214 104,628 40,472
Percentage 46.7% 24.9% 9.6%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.2 pp Red Arrow Down.svg7.6 pp Red Arrow Down.svg0.2%

BalearicIslandsDistrictMapParliament2011.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of the Balearic Islands

President before election

Francesc Antich
PSIB–PSOE

Elected President

José Ramón Bauzà
PP

The 2011 Balearic regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. All 59 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

Political control of the islands had fluctuated in the preceding elections with the People's Party (PP) losing their majority and consequently, control to a coalition headed by the Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands (PSIB–PSOE) at the 2007 election.[1] The 2011 election saw the PP regain their overall majority. The gains came largely at the expense of United Left, Convergence for the Isles (formerly Majorcan Union), Republican Left and The Greens, all of whom lost their representation in this legislature. These parties had all won seats as part of various coalitions in the previous elections.

One of the first tasks of the Assembly was to elect the President of the Balearic Islands from among their number, with José Ramón Bauzà set to replace the current President, Francesc Antich, incumbent since 2007.[1]

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of the Balearic Islands was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Balearic Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[2] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Balearic Islands and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Balearic people abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3]

The 59 members of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the islands of Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 33 for Majorca, 13 for Menorca, 12 for Ibiza and 1 for Formentera.[2][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[4][5][6]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Gazette of the Balearic Islands, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication. The previous election was held on 27 May 2007, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 27 May 2011. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 3 May 2011, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 26 June 2011.[2][4][5][6]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of the Balearic Islands and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since the previous one. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a sixty-day period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[2]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Composition Ideology Candidate Seats at
dissolution[1][7]
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy José Ramón Bauzà
Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands (PSIB–PSOE) Social democracy Francesc Antich
PSMInitiative GreensAgreement (PSM–IV–ExM) Democratic socialism, Left-wing nationalism Biel Barceló
United Left of the Balearic Islands (EUIB) Socialism, Communism Manel Carmona
Convergence for the Isles (CxI) Liberalism, Balearic regionalism Josep Melià
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) Social liberalism, Radical centrism Juan Luis Calbarro
Regionalist League of the Balearic Islands (IB–Lliga) Liberalism, Balearic regionalism Jaume Font

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 30 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Parliament of the Balearic Islands election results
BalearicParliamentDiagram2011.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Total +/−
Regionalist League of the Balearic Islands (IB–Lliga) 12,294 2.92 New 0 ±0
Convergence for the Isles (CxI)8 11,913 2.83 –3.90 0 –3
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,731 2.08 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (Esquerra) 5,325 1.27 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,293 2.92 +0.86
Total 420,318 59 ±0
Valid votes 420,318 98.41 –1.00
Invalid votes 6,775 1.59 +1.00
Votes cast / turnout 427,093 58.80 –1.34
Abstentions 299,194 41.20 +1.34
Registered voters 726,287
Sources[8][9][1]
Popular vote
PP
46.68%
PSIB–PSOE
24.89%
PSMIVExM
9.63%
EUIB
3.15%
IB–Lliga
3.15%
CxI
2.83%
UPyD
2.08%
Esquerra
1.27%
Others
3.38%
Blank ballots
2.92%
Seats
PP
59.32%
PSIB–PSOE
32.20%
PSMIVExM
8.47%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PP PSIB PSMIV GxF
 % S  % S  % S  % S
Formentera 54.0 1
Ibiza 49.8 8 30.6 4 1.4
Majorca 46.5 19 23.6 10 10.7 4
Menorca 46.1 8 27.1 4 9.8 1
Total 46.4 35 24.4 18 9.6 5 0.5 1

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture vote[edit]

First round: 15 June 2011
Absolute majority (30/59) required
Candidate: José Ramón Bauzà
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesY Yes PP (35)
35 / 59
No PSIB–PSOE (17), PSM (3), PSM (1), IV (1), ERC (1), GxF (1)
24 / 59
Abstentions
0 / 59
Source: historiaelectoral.com

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data for BlocPSM–ENEV in the 2007 election.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Cascos supera al PP en Asturias (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "El PP doblega al PSOE a siete días de la cita electoral". La Razón (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Vuelco en Cantabria (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "La mayoría absoluta del PP dejará atrás una legislatura de oposición". ABC (in Spanish). 9 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Encuesta de TNS para Antena 3 y Onda Cero. Elecciones 22M. Expectativas electorales en Baleares" (PDF). TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 10 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Mayoría absoluta del PP con PSOE y PSM-IV-Entesa como única oposición". Diario de Ibiza (in Spanish). 1 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Posicionament ciutadà (XXIX). Eleccions Parlament 2011: els indecisos poden tenir la clau" (PDF). Gadeso (in Catalan). 1 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Mayoría absoluta del PP en el Parlament Balear (Diario de Ibiza)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 1 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas, 2011. Comunidad Autónoma de las Islas Baleares (Estudio nº 2874. Marzo-Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "El PSOE fija su objetivo: salvar los muebles". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "Mayoría absoluta del PP en Baleares (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 24 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Bauzá arrasa con mayoría absoluta". El Mundo (in Spanish). 11 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "El PP lograría su mejor resultado en Baleares (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 5 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "Unió Mallorquina continuaría siendo decisiva para obtener la mayoría en el Parlament". Última Hora (in Spanish). 18 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "Unión Mallorquina sigue siendo clave en Baleares (Última Hora)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 20 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Vuelco del mapa electoral autonómico (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 31 May 2010. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. 
  17. ^ "El PP se acerca a la mayoría absoluta en intención de voto a costa de UM". Diario de Mallorca (in Spanish). 2 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Posicionament ciutadà (XXV). Eleccions autonòmiques: escassa incidència de la corrupció" (PDF). Gadeso (in Catalan). 2 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Baleares: El PP se beneficia del descenso de UM (Gadeso)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 4 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Posicionament ciutadà (XXI). Eleccions autonòmiques: els indecisos poden decidir" (PDF). Gadeso (in Catalan). 7 February 2010. 
  21. ^ "Posicionament ciutadà (XX). Eleccions autonòmiques: Avui l´abstenció podria decidir" (PDF). Gadeso (in Catalan). 25 September 2009. 
  22. ^ "El PP pierde votos y el PSOE crece a costa de sus socios en el Pacte". El Mundo (in Spanish). 21 September 2009. 
  23. ^ "Posicionament ciutadà (XVIII). Eleccions autonòmiques: el Partit Popular perd pes electoral" (PDF). Gadeso (in Catalan). 2 February 2009. 

Other[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Parliament of the Balearic Islands and Island Council elections since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Catalan). Electoral History. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands of 2007, Organic Law No. 1 of 28 February 2007 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 13 September 2017.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Balearic Islands Autonomous Community Electoral Law of 1986, Law No. 8 of 26 November 1986 Official Gazette of the Balearic Islands (in Spanish). Retrieved on 13 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "7th legislature elected deputies" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). Parliament of the Balearic Islands. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  8. ^ "Parliament of the Balearic Islands elections, 1983-2011" (PDF). contingutsweb.parlamentib.es (in Catalan). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "Parliament of the Balearic Islands election results, 22 May 2011" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2017.