The road into Baleix
|Canton||Pays de Morlaàs et du Montanérès|
|Intercommunality||Luy-Gabas-Souye et Lées|
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Vincent Roustaa|
|6.47 km2 (2.50 sq mi)|
|• Density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||225–354 m (738–1,161 ft) |
(avg. 230 m or 750 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baleichois or Baleichoises.
Baleix is located in the Montanérès overlooking the Lées Valley some 26 km north-east of Pau and 10 km south of Lembeye. Access to the commune is by the D7 road from Saint-Jammes in the west which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues east to Casteide-Doat. The D145 comes from Lespourcy in the south-west and passes through the village to continue north to Anoye. Apart from the village there is also the hamlet of Tisné north-east of the village. The commune is mostly farmland with a few scattered small forests.
The Lées flows through the east of the commune from the south and continues north to join the Adour near Aire-sur-l'Adour. The Petit Lées comes from the south and flows north-east through the commune to join the Lées.
Places and hamlets
Neighbouring communes and villages
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Balestoos||13th century||Raymond||Fors de Béarn|
|Les Artics||Les Articqs||1769||Raymond||Terrier||Place|
|La Bielle||La Bielle||1863||Raymond||Place|
|La Lanusse||La Lanusse||1863||Raymond||Place|
|Le Pimi||Lou Pimy||1769||Raymond||Terrier||Hamlet|
|Le Turocq de Naudy||Le Turocq de Naudy||1769||Raymond||Terrier||Place|
|La Turrecolle||La Turequolle||1769||Raymond||Terrier||Place|
|La Vignasse||La Vignasse||1863||Raymond||Place|
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar
- Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn.
- Fors de Béarn
- Census: Census of Béarn
- Terrier: The Terrier of Baleix.
The commune has long been occupied as evidenced by the discovery of a fortified camp surrounded by a moat with visible remains of earthworks.
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
- the SIVOM of the Canton of Montaner;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the supply of drinking water Luy-Gabas-Lees;
In 2010 the commune had 137 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Farmhouse at Sarthou (18th century)
- A House at Jean David (18th century)
- A House at Castille (1623)
- The Bourdallé House (18th century)
- The Coulomé Farmhouse (1789)
- The Bélengou House (18th century)
- The Arnautou House at Clos (19th century)
- Houses and Farms (17th-19th century)
- The Parish Church of Saint-Martin (12th century) is registered as an historical monument. The Church contains a very large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.
- Archaeological Map of Gaul, Archaeological pre-inventory published under the responsibility of Michel Provost, Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Google Maps
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027133 House at Castiulle (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027129 Arnautou House at Clos (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027134 House at Jean David (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027135 Farmhouse at Sarthou (in French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(in French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Baleix
- Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
- Pierre de Marca, Histoire de Bearn, La Veuve Jean Camusat, 1640, 850 pages (in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027132 Bourdallé House (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027131 Coulomé Farmhouse (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027130 Bélengou House (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027127 Houses and Farms (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027128 Parish Church of Saint-Martin (in French)
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