Balinese Kshatriya

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Balinese Kshatriya is a Hindu Kshatriya community which exists in the island of Bali in Indonesia. During the second half of the sixth century, Bali had a strong Kshatriya ruling dynasty. The rulers were mostly indigenous Balinese with some Indian blood.[1] These clans mostly belonged to the Nāgavanshi dynasty.[2][3] However, in due time, these indigenous Kshatriyas became extinct and were replaced by the Javanese Kshatriyas who immigrated to Bali. Most of the Kshatriyas now living in Bali are claimed to be the descendants of the King Dewa Agung, who immigrated to Bali from Java. However, there are also a few other Kshatriya clans who were elevated to the Kshatriya status from the Vaishya varna. All together, Kshatriyas constitute around 4% of the total Balinese Hindu population.

Dewa Agung is believed to have been crossed over to Bali from Java many centuries ago, along with his half brother Arya Damar and six other Kshatriyas. However, only Dewa Agung retained his Kshatriya status, as the descendants of the other seven were degraded to the status of Vaishya. Most of the Kshatriyas belonging to the Dewa Agung clan are located in Badong, Tabanan, Mengui and Karangasem. However, in Badong, there is another Kshatriya clan named Gusti Pam'chuttan, who are descended from the Raja Ngrurah Sakti Pamecutan. Kshatriyas are also found in Klungkung, Bangli and Gianyar. The Kshatriya clan which lived in Buleleng has now shifted their location to Badung. Other Kshatriya clans who live in Bali like Desak, Pradeva and Pungakan are of questionable origin.[4]

The word Kshatriya, which is of Sanskrit origin is pronounced as Satria in Balinese language.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tripathi, S.M.; Singh, N.K. (2001). Religious Positivity. Global Vision Publishing House. p. 202. ISBN 9788187746010. Retrieved 2015-07-19. 
  2. ^ Warta Hindu dharma, Issues 140-150 p.021
  3. ^ Kamus agama Hindu By I Wayan Musna p.32
  4. ^ Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Straits Branch; Rost, Reinhold (1887). Miscellaneous Papers Relating to Indo-China: Reprinted for the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society from Dalrymple's "Oriental Repertory," and the "Asiatic Researches" and "Journal" of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 2. Trübner & Company. p. 158. Retrieved 2015-07-19. 
  5. ^ Howe, L. (2005). The Changing World of Bali: Religion, Society and Tourism. Taylor & Francis. p. 12. ISBN 9780203015421. Retrieved 2015-07-19.