Balingian

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Balingian
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese万年烟
Balingian old bazaar seen in February 2019
Balingian old bazaar seen in February 2019
Balingian is located in Borneo
Balingian
Balingian
Coordinates: 2°55′00″N 112°32′00″E / 2.91667°N 112.53333°E / 2.91667; 112.53333Coordinates: 2°55′00″N 112°32′00″E / 2.91667°N 112.53333°E / 2.91667; 112.53333
Country Malaysia
State Sarawak
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Websitewww.mukah.sarawak.gov.my

Balingian is a town in Sarawak, Malaysia.[1] It lies approximately 286.1 kilometres (178 mi) east-north-east of the state capital Kuching.

Etymology[edit]

Baligian got its name from a river crossing the town. The river was once used by the local residents to go to their hill paddy fields.[2]

History[edit]

Government[edit]

The Balingian sub-district is administered by a Sarawak Administrative Officer (SAO) and three Penghulu (regional chief). Administrative areas of Balingian sub-district includes Balingian delta, Arip river, Bawan river, and Bawang Assan river.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

Balingian is located inside the Balingian sub-district,[2] about 60 km from Mukah town.[4] The Balingian sub-district is measured as 3,032 km2. The town of Balingian is located between the Mukah town and the Bintulu town. It takes one hour to go to Mukah from Balingian and three hours to go to Sibu. Balingian can also be reached through the sea from Tatau and Bintulu.[2] There is also a coastal road connecting Balingian to the mouth of the Balingian river and Tatau.[3] Neighbouring settlements include:

Demographics[edit]

According to the Balingian public health clinic estimation, Balingian town has a total population of 15,327 people in 2002. It consists of Iban people (68.3%) and Melanau people (29.49%). All the populations stay in six villages and 137 longhouses.[3]

Economy[edit]

Majority of the residents here manage their own shophouses and individual stalls in bazaar. A bazaar is held every weekend selling daily necessities and agricultural produce. The establishment of Regional Growth Centre (RGC), Sarawak Oil-Palm Plantation (SOP), FELCRA Berhad allows the local people to involve in large scale oil palm plantations. Other economic activities in Balingian include: sago, rice, and coconut cultivation, fish and chicken domestication, and logging.[2] Coal mining has been ongoing in the Balingian coal field.[5]

Under Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE); an aluminium smelting plant located at about 25 km from Balingian was built.[4] Offshore oil and gas is also a growth area for Balingian.[6]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Coastal road has improved Balingian link to other towns.[4]

Other utilities[edit]

Education[edit]

Amongst the schools available here are: SRK Parish (Parish primary school), SRB Chung Hua (Chung Hua primary school), Perpaduan kindergarten and Sedidik. kindergarten.[2]

Healthcare[edit]

Balingian public health clinic was established in 1989. The clinic also has implemented a Teleprimary care (TPC) system. It is an audiovisual system where patients can be assessed and treated remotely withour being sent to the nearby hospitals.[3]

Culture and leisure[edit]

Baligian is known for its river shrimps and have become an attraction for fishers.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Balingian, Malaysia". Geonames. 9 August 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Daerah Kecil Balingian (Balingian sub-district)". Rakan Sarawak (Friends of Sarawak). September 2002. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Klinik Kesihatan Balingian Sarawak (Sarawak Balingian public health clinic)". Balingian public health clinic. Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Q'Eeugene Minjo Jozia (18 November 2010). "redgoldarawana: Balingian - The energy Town of Mukah". Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  5. ^ Say, Gee Sia; Wan Hasiah, Abdullah (14 March 2012). "Geochemical and petrographical characteristics of low-rank Balingian coal from Sarawak, Malaysia: Its implications on depositional conditions and thermal maturity" (PDF). International Journal of Coal Geology. 96: 22–38. doi:10.1016/j.coal.2012.03.002. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Balingian Assessment Unit 37020102" (PDF). 5 July 2000. Retrieved 27 December 2010.