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Entry to Baliracq
Entry to Baliracq
Baliracq-Maumusson is located in France
Coordinates: 43°32′48″N 0°15′14″W / 43.5467°N 0.2539°W / 43.5467; -0.2539Coordinates: 43°32′48″N 0°15′14″W / 43.5467°N 0.2539°W / 43.5467; -0.2539
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Garlin
Intercommunality Canton de Garlin
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Sylvain Sergent
Area1 6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 145
 • Density 24/km2 (62/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64090 /64330
Elevation 120–224 m (394–735 ft)
(avg. 132 m or 433 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baliracq-Maumusson is a French commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baliracois or Baliracoises.[1]


Baliracq-Maumusson is located some 45 km east by north-east of Orthez and 20 km south of Aire-sur-l'Adour. Access to the commune is by the D211 road from Lannecaube in the south which passes through the length of the commune along the eastern side to join the D41 just north of the commune. Access to the village of Baliracq is by Le Moulin road branching from the D211. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

The Lées river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour near Aire-sur-l'Adour. The Gabassot forms the northern border of the commune as it flows east into the Lées. Two other streams rise in the commune and flow into the Lées.[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Arnathau
  • Baliracq
  • Bitaillou
  • Bouquehort[4]
  • Bourdé
  • Campagne
  • Castéra[5]
  • Crédey[6]
  • Florence[7]
  • Gayas
  • Hau
  • Hilletou
  • La Hount
  • Lafon
  • Lanne
  • Laroujat
  • Lescribau
  • Maufinet
  • Maumusson
  • Miqueu
  • Mombet
  • Moncade
  • Mounicou
  • Mourette
  • Naba
  • Pédeuboscq
  • Pédélatour
  • Pillou
  • Pourrio
  • Sansot[8]
  • Tardan[9]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]


According to Michel Grosclaude the name Baliracq probably came from a Latin man's name Valerus with the Gallo-Roman suffix -acum giving the "Domain of Valerus". For Maumusson he proposed a Gascon man's name: the nickname mau meaning "bad" combined with mus meaning "nose" and the suffix -on giving "unfriendly" or "sullen".[10]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Baliracq Saint-Félix de Balirac 10th century Raymond
Marca Village
Vallirag 1100 Grosclaude
Valliracum 1100 Grosclaude
Balirag 1443 Raymond
Baliracq 1750 Cassini
Balirac 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des lois
Balirac 1863 Raymond
Maumusson Maumusson 1750 Cassini Village
Maumussou 1774 Raymond
Castéra Casterar 1542 Raymond
Reformation Farm



  • Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn.[13]
  • Carresse:[14]
  • Terrier: Terrier of Baliracq, E 177
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[15]


Paul Raymond noted on page 20 of his 1863 dictionary that Baliracq was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.

The communes of Baliracq and Maumusson were merged in 1828.


List of Successive Mayors[16]

The Town Hall in Baliracq
Mayors from 1933
From To Name Party Position
1933 1944 Jacques Cassoulong
1944 1944 Charles Honoré
1944 1947 Jean Barreyat
1947 1989 Albert Sansous
1989 2014 Yvan Duviau
2014 2020 Sylvain Sergent

(Not all data is known)


The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Garlin;
  • the SIVU for roads in the Garlin region;
  • the SIVU for the Lées and its tributaries;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the supply of drinking water for Luy-Gabas-Lées;
  • the inter-communal association of Five Rivers;


In 2010 the commune had 145 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
281 314 342 364 410 405 386 411 401
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
368 341 335 325 323 309 303 267 248
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
231 256 217 196 188 184 198 183 174
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
149 123 111 124 113 115 118 145 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Baliracq-Maumusson

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Mill at Baliracq (1764)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Farmhouse at Baliracq-Bouquehort (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Coussié House at Maumusson-Tardan (1742)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Castéra House at Baliracq-Castéra (1742)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Lafon House at Maumusson-Crédey (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Sansot House at Maumusson-Sansot (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Chateau de Milly at Maumusson-Florence (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • Houses and Farms (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A Fortified Area (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • A Fortified Complex (Prehistoric).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20] At a place called Castera the topography has been visibly altered by the hand of man as evidenced by the presence of an ancient fortified complex with major embankments and a circular walkway which is still visible. This could be for high wooden stakes joined together because no stone remains have been found. The works could therefore date to the high Middle Ages although there could be prehistoric remains.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Parish Church of Saint Peter

The Parish Church of Saint Peter (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[21] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026195 Farmhouse at Baliracq-Bouquehort (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026193 Castéra House at Baliracq-Castéra (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026192 Lafon House at Maumusson-Crédey (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026190 Chateau de Milly at Maumusson-Florence (French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026191 Sansot House at Maumusson-Sansot (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026194 Coussié House at Maumusson-Tardan (French)
  10. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, p. 99 & 106, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(French)
  11. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  12. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Baliracq-Maumusson
  13. ^ Pierre de Marca, Histoire de Bearn, La Veuve Jean Camusat, 1640, 850 pages (French)
  14. ^ Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn, Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027435 Mill at Baliracq (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026189 Houses and Farms (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026188 Fortified Area (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026187 Fortified Complex (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026196 Parish Church of Saint Peter (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001601 Altar, Tabernacle, and Statue (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001600 2 Statues: Saints Felix and Peter (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001599 Tabernacle (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001598 Altar Painting: Remission of the keys to Saint Peter (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001597 Altar and Retable (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001596 Wood Panelling (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001584 Wayside Cross (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001583 Altar Vase (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001582 Monstrance (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001581 Altar Candlestick (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001580 6 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001579 Thurible (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001578 Celebrant's Chair (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001577 Stoup (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001576 Pulpit (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001575 Confessional (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001574 Choir Enclosure (French)