The Luz at Baliros
|Intercommunality||Pays de Nay|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jean-Claude Hourcq|
|Area1||3.64 km2 (1.41 sq mi)|
|• Density||100/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64091 /64510|
|Elevation||200–382 m (656–1,253 ft)
(avg. 215 m or 705 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balirosiens or Balirosiennes.
Baliros is located some 12 km south-east of Pau just west of Bordes. Access to the commune is by the D37 road from Narcastet in the north which passes through the centre of the commune and the village before continuing south to Pardies-Piétat. The village is served by bus routes 809, 810, and 811 of the Interurban Network of Pyrenees-Atlantiques which connect Pau with Arthez-d'Asson. The commune is forested west of the village with the eastern side farmland.
The Gave de Pau flows north along the eastern border of the commune although it is not the communal border. The Luz river flows from the south-west of the commune north through the village to join the Gave de Pau at the northern border of the commune. The Gest joins the Luz in the south of the commune. The Escourre flows north from the south-eastern corner of the commune to join the Luz north of the village.
Places and hamlets
- L'Arroundade de la Plaine
- Colomby (château)
- Hillou (part)
Neighbouring communes and villages
Michel Grosclaude proposed the Latin etymology of the surname Valerus with the Aquitaine suffix -ossum giving "Domain of Valerus".
The following table details the origins of the commune name.
- Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (French)
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
|The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
- the SIVU of RPI Baliros - Pardies-Piétat - Saint-Abit (headquarters in Baliros);
- the drinking water and sanitation association of Pays de Nay (SEAPAN);
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for defence against floods of the Gave de Pau;
- the inter-communal association for defence against floods of the Luz;
In 2010 the commune had 367 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and monuments
The Parish Church of Saint Peter (1658) is registered as an historical monument.
Baliros is a member of the Inter-communal Educational Grouping (RPI) of Baliros - Pardies-Piétat - Saint-Abit which runs the Baliros and Pardies-Piétat primary schools.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Google Maps
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Baliros
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Titles of Assat in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000599 Parish Church of Saint Peter (French)
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