Baliuag Museum and Library

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Baliuag Museum-Library
Sentro ng Kalinangan at Kasaysayan ng Baliuag
Silid Aklatan
First Baliuag Mayor Francisco Gregorio Library
Museo ng Baliuag is located in Philippines
Museo ng Baliuag
Museo ng Baliuag
Map of the Philippines
Type Museum and library
Location Baliuag, Bulacan
Nearest city San Fernando, Pampanga, Balanga, Bataan City
Coordinates 14°57′17″N 120°54′8″E / 14.95472°N 120.90222°E / 14.95472; 120.90222Coordinates: 14°57′17″N 120°54′8″E / 14.95472°N 120.90222°E / 14.95472; 120.90222
Area 2,081 m2 (22,400 sq ft)
Created 1999
Open Monday to Sunday, 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Baliuag Museum and Library
Museo ng Baliuag
Sentro ng Kalinangan at Kasaysayan ng Baliuag
Former names Lumang Munisipyo
Alternative names Old Municipio
General information
Status active
Type Mansion
Architectural style American Colonial
Location Poblacion
Address Baliwag Town Proper, Cagayan Valley road
Town or city Baliuag
Construction started 1915
Inaugurated 1998
Renovated 1993
Owner Baliuag, Bulacan Local Government
Technical details
Floor count One with a second floor
Floor area 500 sq. m.

The Baliuag Museum and Library, or Museo ng Baliuag (Sentro ng Kalinangan at Kasaysayan ng Baliuag, formerly known as "Lumang Municipio" or Old Municipal Building) is the town’s center for historical and cultural heritage.[1]

The landmark Baliuag Municipal Library and Museum is owned by the Local Government. The heritage-historic Spanish-colonial house (mansion) is the official repository (established in 1998 as a natural history and ethnography museum) of Baliuag and Bulacan province.

Baliuag Museo is located in Town Proper, Old Municipal Bldg., Cagayan Valley Road, Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan in the Republic of the Philippines,[2][3] It is 150 meters from the heritage St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag.

The century-old Museo ng Baliuag is administered by Baliuag Tourism Secretary Rosie Q. Bautista and Gaspar U. Resurreccion (Museum and Librarian III In-charge[4][5] with the assistance of Library Staff, Heherson C. Cruz, Librarian).[6]


Baliuag, Bulacan was the first Municipio ever created during the American regime in the Philippines, on May 6, 1899, five days before the fateful "Sabang Battle".

In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), Roman Catholicism in the Philippines, Baliwag had 30 curates. Fr. Esteban Diez Hidalgo and Fr. Fausto Lopez served 40 and 24 years, respectively. Fr. Lopez had 6 children with a beautiful native, Mariquita Amparo: Soledad, Rita, Carmen, Dr. Joaquin Gonzalez (politician), Francisco, the former Assemblyman Ricardo Lloret Gonzales (Legislative districts of Bulacan, 5th Philippine Legislature), and Jose the eldest who was widely known as “Pepeng Mariquita". Spanish cura parroco, Fr. Ysidoro Prada served in Baliwag during the last decade of Spaniard regime.[7]

Mariquita's family owned the biggest house in Baliuag which occupied a big block. Her son, Dr. Joaquin Gonzalez practiced medicine. In his lucrative profession, he treated patients in his clinic located inside their big ancestral mansion across the old Municipal Building traversing the National Highway. This landmark house was later used and became the Old Municipal Building (now the Museo ng Baliuag).

The Philippine-American civil and military authorities supervised the first municipal elections, having chosen Baliuag as the site of the first Philippine elections of May 7, 1899.[8] The Filipinos gathered at the plaza of the St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag after the Holy Mass, and thereafter the officials were selected based on the qualifications for voters set by the Americans.[9]

The first town Gobernadorcillo (1789 title) of Baliuag was Capitan Jose de Guzman.[10] He was assisted by the Tribunal's teniente mayor (chief lieutenant), juez de ganadas (judge of the cattle), juez de sementeras (judge of the field) and juez de policia (judge of the police).

In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the 1893 Maura Law, the title of Gobernadorcillo became "capitan municipal" and that of each juez to teniente. From Baliwag's independence from Quingua, now Plaridel, Bulacan to 1898, 49 served as capitan, 13 alcalde and 92 as Gobernadorcillo. Felix de Lara (1782) and Agustin de Castro (1789) were the 1st alcalde and Gobernadorcillo, respectively. Municipal President Fernando Enrile, in 1908 honored some of these officials, even naming some of Baliuag calles in their honor, later. But all these political officials remained under the thumbs and the habito, of the autocratic Augustinian friars, the Baliuag Kura Parokos.

Principalias or town castles, in the Hispanization of Baliwag, became the home of the rich and famous, who sported the titles of Don or Capitan (shrewd, hard-bargaining businessman, the highly successful professionals and even the parvenus, nouveaux riche).

The local government of Baliuag used as first Municipio under the American regime (History of the Philippines (1898–1946)) the Mariano Yoyongko (Gobernadorcillo in 1885) Principalia in Poblacion (now a part of the market site), which it bought from Yoyongko.[11]

On September 15, 1915, Baliuag municipality bought the heritage mansion and lot of Dr. Joaquin Gonzalez (politician). The Gonzalez old mansion served as Lumang Munisipyo (the Old Municipio or Town Hall Building, as seat of the local government) for 65 years.

Renovation and inauguration[edit]

Baliuag Museo's majestic stairs

In 1971, Baliuag Mayor Florentino Vergel de Dios constructed a new municipal building. Accordingly, the Baliuag Tourism Council and Baliwag Historical Society's Mr. Rolando E. Villacorta suggested the conversion of the historic house into a Library-Museum.[12]

In 1993, Baliuag Alkalde Carling Trinidad, Cong. Pedro Pancho with the assistance of Guillermina T. Gabor started the reconstruction of the Gonzalez mansion.

Mayor Rolando Salvador, on August 9, 1998 accepted the renovate Building as part of municipal government property. Baliwag Tourism Council, Gemma Cruz-Araneta (Secretary of Department of Tourism (Philippines)) and Bulacan Governor Josefina M. dela Cruz were present at the formal inauguration of the Library-Museum turnover to the LGU of Baliuag.[13]

The historic turnover was highlighted by a "Buntal Hat Dance" (by Rene Plamenco, Soledad Cruz, Eliseo Gonzalez and Brgy. Captain Elizabeth Agtarap) and "Sayaw sa Nayon". The momentous event was witnessed by Rustan's Justa Tantoco, Bulacan former Vice-Governor Willie Villarama and Tesie Villarama, under the watch of Mayor Rolando Salvador and Evelyn C. Salvador. Antonio Cabangon Chua, Baliuag business mogul also graced the turnover.


The contemporary Baliuag's Museo houses on its ground floor the Baliuag community affairs and tourism office of incumbent Ms. Rosie Q. Bautista, Balibuntal Enterprises Officer. Incidentally, Baliuag's Buntal Hat Festival of 2012 was held with its 279th founding anniversary on May 26, 2012.[14]

On the second floor of the Museo is the Silid-Aklatang Francisco Guerrero Library-Museum which has several Bulwagan. The First local election in the Philippines took place on May 6, 1899 with the election of Francisco Guerrero, the first Baliuag municipal president who held office in the house of Dr. Joaquin Gonzales, the Old Municipio, now the Museo ng Baliuag.[15]

Aside from the Bulwagang Guerrero are: Mariano Ponce, Bert Marcelo, Alfonso Enrile (father of Juan Ponce Enrile), Roman C. Carreon, sculptor and artist and "Pepita" - Josefa Tiongson y Lara Bulwagan (JOCELYNANG BALIWAG, Kundiman). The slain Mayor Servando "Bandong" Santos' gun, memorabilia is at the side of the dining and reception halls.

Image gallery[edit]




  • Lenzi, Iola (2004). Museums of Southeast Asia. Singapore: Archipelago Press. p. 200 pages. ISBN 981-4068-96-9. 
  • "Catalogo Bio-Bibliographico de los Religiosos Agustinos de la Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de las Islas Filipinas Desde su Fundacion hasta Nuestros Dias" by Elviro Jorde Perez. 1901, Manila. Estab. Tipo. De Colegio de Santo Tomas.
  • "Apuntes históricos de la provincia augustiniana del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús de Filipinas", año 1909: Filipinas, by P. Bernardo Martinez.[16]
  • Baliwag: Then and Now, by Roland E. Villacorte, Philippine Graphic Arts, Inc., Caloocan City, 1970, 1985 * 2001 editions. pp. 5–111, 353-360 (2001 edition); and pp. 274–6; 392-396 (1985 edition).
  • "Baliwag! then and now", by Rolando E. Villacorte, Published 1970 by Printed by Philippine Graphic Arts in Caloocan City, Library of Congress DS689.B23 V55 409 pages Open Library OL5327794M
  • "Baliuwag, Lunduyan ng mga Bayani", Baliuag Tourism Council, 2008, Municipality of Baliuag, 2008 Edition, pp. 10–120.

See also[edit]

Most visited museums[edit]


External links[edit]