Balkan Gagauz Turkish

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Balkan Gagauz Turkish
Rumeli Türkçesi
Native to Turkey, Bulgaria, Macedonia
Native speakers
(330,000 cited 1993)[1]
Latin script, Cyrillic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgx
Glottolog balk1254[2]

Balkan Gagauz Turkish, also known as Balkan Turkic, is a Turkic language spoken in European Turkey, in Dulovo and the Deliorman area in Bulgaria, and in the Kumanovo and Bitola areas of the Republic of Macedonia.[3] Dialects include Gajal, Gerlovo Turk, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turk, Yuruk, and Macedonian Gagauz. Although it is mutually intelligible with both Gagauz[3] and Turkish to a considerable degree, it is usually classified as a separate language due to foreign influences from neighboring languages spoken in the Balkans.


  1. ^ Balkan Gagauz Turkish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Balkan Gagauz Turkish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Ethnologue entry for Balkan Gagauz Turkish