Ball-in-a-maze puzzle

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A simple wooden ball-in-a-maze

Ball-in-a-maze puzzles are dexterity puzzles which involve manipulating either a maze (or labyrinth) or one or several balls so that the ball or balls are manoeuvered towards a goal. Toys like this have been popular since Pigs in Clover was invented by Charles Martin Crandall in the 1880s, with the patent being applied for in 1889.[1][2][3][4][5]

In some versions a wooden labyrinth is tilted using two knobs and the ball has to be navigated past a series of holes and obstacles. A magnet is used in other versions where the balls have to be manipulated rather than the maze.[2] Perplexus is an example of a 3D ball-in-a-maze. Recently a large number of virtual versions have become available.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gamesmuseum.uwaterloo.ca/VirtualExhibits/puzzles/dexter/pigsin.html
  2. ^ a b van Delft, Pieter; Jack Botermans (1978). Creative Puzzles of the World. Cassell. p. 141. ISBN 0-304-30300-3. 
  3. ^ http://jigglepuzzle.com/animals%20oblong%20pigs%20in%20clover.htm
  4. ^ http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/overview/puzzle_docs/Sam_Loyd_Successful_Hoax.pdf
  5. ^ US 410956, Crandall, Charles, "Game or Puzzle No. 410,956", issued 1889