Ball Ground, Georgia

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Ball Ground, Georgia
Ball Ground Historic District
Ball Ground Historic District
“Where we roll out the red carpet, not the red tape"[1]
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Ball Ground, Georgia is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Ball Ground, Georgia
Ball Ground, Georgia
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Ball Ground, Georgia is located in the United States
Ball Ground, Georgia
Ball Ground, Georgia
Ball Ground, Georgia (the United States)
Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833
CountryUnited States
 • Total5.84 sq mi (15.13 km2)
 • Land5.81 sq mi (15.06 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
1,102 ft (336 m)
 • Total1,433
 • Estimate 
 • Density247/sq mi (95.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)770/678/470
FIPS code13-05036[3]
GNIS feature ID0354443[4]

Ball Ground is a city in Cherokee County, Georgia, United States. Settled many years before being incorporated on January 1, 1882, the 2010 census shows the city had a population of 1,433, nearly doubling between 2000 and 2010.[6]


The town is located near fields that the Cherokee people used to play stick ball, a rough game similar to modern lacrosse.[7] The large fields and abundance of freshwater streams made Ball Ground an alluring place for the large gatherings of Native Americans because the ball game required large, flat fields, and there were plenty of natural resources to support large groups of people. In 1755, the decisive Battle of Taliwa was fought near Ball Ground between the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples.[7]

The community was incorporated on January 1, 1882, the same year that the Louisville & Nashville Railroad came through.[5] Before that date, the community consisted of two country stores and a few dwellings. After the railroad's arrival as a result of the marble-working industry nearby, the town grew.[8]

In 1985, the Alfred W. Roberts House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Georgia. It is the only house in Cherokee County that has this recognition.[9]

Later, December 4, 2009, the Ball Ground Historic District was listed on the same National Register of Historic Places.[10]

On September 5, 2011, due to Tropical Storm Lee, an EF1 tornado caused damage throughout the city's business and residential areas.[11] No deaths or serious injuries were reported. Striking much of Cherokee County, including Woodstock, Holly Springs and Canton, the storms cut a 24-mile (39 km) path. Electricity was restored after two days, and residents continued clean-up for numerous days.

In May, 2015, Universal Alloy Corporation announced it was building a new factory in Ball Ground.[12] The facility opened in 2017.[citation needed] Universal Alloy (UAC) is one of the largest employers in Cherokee County.

City Government[edit]

The city of Ball Ground is governed by a council-mayor form of government. The five council members and mayor are each elected to four-year terms by city residents, although there are no term limits. The city is divided into five posts, with one council member elected to serve each post, even though these elections are conducted "at-large". The mayor is also elected at-large. Although the Mayor typically has no vote in most matters, the position holds strong executive power and casts tie breaking votes when needed. The Mayor and Council hold the monthly council meetings on the second Thursday of each month at 7:00 p.m. All meetings of the City Government Manager and Council are held in the Council Chambers of City Hall located at 215 Valley Street.


Ball Ground city hall

Ball Ground is located in northeastern Cherokee County, just north of Canton and south of Nelson. Ball Ground is along Interstate 575, with access from Exit 27, 4 miles (6 km) south of the highway's northern terminus, and 48 miles (77 km) north of Atlanta.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.1 km2), of which 0.031 square miles (0.08 km2), or 0.50%, is water.[6] The city's elevation averages around 1,100 feet (340 m) above sea level, ranging from just over 1,000 feet (300 m) in the valleys to around 1,200 feet (370 m) on several hilltops within the city.

Neighboring communities[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20161,909[2]33.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census of 2010,[3] there were 1,433 people, 601 households, and 532 families residing in the city. The population density was 589.1 people per square mile (227.3/km²). There were 601 housing units at an average density of 92.8 persons/km² (240.5 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.7% African American, and 0.3% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 601 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the city, the population is spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,875, and the median income for a family was $51,429. Males had a median income of $39,125 versus $27,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,147. About 6.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Average house value in Ball Ground area is $157,923.22. Average yearly wages paid by businesses in Ball Ground area is $31,227.00. Average number of people employed by businesses in Ball Ground area is 10.1.[14]


Education in Ball Ground is run by the Cherokee County government and the Georgia state government. Ball Ground's elementary aged children are served by the Ball Ground Elementary School STEM Academy.[15]


In the 21st century, Ball Ground is growing as businesses and homeowners are pushing into the North Georgia mountains along the I-575 corridor. It boasts a number of new subdivisions and light industry.[citation needed]


The Cherokee County Airport is located between Ball Ground and Canton.

Interstate 575 goes through Cobb and Cherokee counties, skirting the west edge of Ball Ground, ending just north of Ball Ground. Georgia State Route 5 (Ball Ground highway) runs parallel and just to the east of I-575, into Ball Ground from the southwest. Georgia State Route 372 (Ball Ground Rd) runs through Ball Ground from the southeast, through the center of town, northward, merging at the terminus of I-575 to become Georgia State Route 515 northward.


  1. ^ "City of Ball Ground Georgia Website". City of Ball Ground Georgia Website. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Ball Ground". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ball Ground city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Ball Ground". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  8. ^ "First Hundred Years". City of Ball Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  9. ^ "2017 Cultivating Cherokee" (PDF). Cherokee Chamber of Commerce. 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  10. ^ "Ball Ground Historic". Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  11. ^ "Tornado Touches Down in Cherokee County". WSB-TV. Archived from the original on February 10, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  12. ^ Dixon, Kristol (May 21, 2015). "Universal Alloy Corporation Purchases Land For Expansion". Canton Patch. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ Ball Ground in Cherokee County, GA
  15. ^ "Ball Ground Elementary School STEM Academy". Retrieved August 28, 2018.

External links[edit]