BALL Watch Company
|Founded||1891, Ohio, USA|
|Founder||Webb C. Ball|
|Headquarters||La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland|
|Products||Swiss Made Mechanical Watches|
Before the development of railroads across the United States, there was no need for a standardization of time or any real accuracy in time keeping. Each town kept its own local time, based on the position of the sun. When trains began to connect really distant cities, it got problematic and difficult to avoid collisions. Moreover, there was no policy nor standards for the watches used by the railroad employees.
On April 18, 1891, a head-on collision between two trains in Kipton, Ohio resulted in several human deaths. At the time, trains were using the same lines in opposite directions and had to cross each other at defined crossing points. That day, one of the conductors’ watches stopped for four minutes leading to the fatal collision.
In order to make train rides safer for travelers and employees of the railroads, Webb C. Ball was designated “Chief Time Inspector” and set up tests and standards for all watches used on the trains. Ball’s criteria of accuracy and reliability were so strict that they later inspired others like the Swiss Official Testing Institute (COSC).
Webb C. Ball set up “RR Standard” (“RR” for Rail Road) to assure a high accuracy and perfect reading to all railroad employees. He also created the BALL Time Service, an after-sale service to which every employee of the rails had to bring his watch every two weeks to make sure the accuracy and reliability of the watch was maximal.
- No lid on the dial, size 18 or 16 (44.86mm or 43.17mm)
- Plain white dial, bold black hands and Arabic numbers
- Winding stem at 12 o’clock
- Minimum of 17 jewels
- Must have a double roller
- Must be lever set
- Adjusted to at least 5 positions
- Be adjusted to temperature 40 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit
- Accuracy with a gain or loss of maximum 30 seconds a week
BALL Watch currently has six distinct collections: Engineer Hydrocarbon, Engineer II, Engineer Master II, Trainmaster, Conductor, and Fireman.
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- Jidet, Joël, « A l’heure du rail », La Revue Des Montres, March 2013
- Webb C. Ball
- "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History: WEBB C. BALL CO.". case.edu. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
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