A street in Balleroy
|Intercommunality||Balleroy Le Molay-Littry|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Gilbert Montaigne|
|Area1||4.23 km2 (1.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14035 /14490|
|Elevation||49–131 m (161–430 ft)
(avg. 110 m or 360 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Balleroy ( French pronunciation (help·info)) is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune of Balleroy-sur-Drôme.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Biardais or Biardaises and Billards or Billardes.
Balleroy is located some 16 km south-west of Bayeux and 21 km north-east of Saint-Lô. Access to the commune is by the D13 road from Cerisy-la-Forêt in the west which passes through the village and continues east to Lingèvres. The D28 road goes south from the village to Planquery. The commune is mainly farmland with the Château de Balleroy grounds just west of the village occupying a substantial land area.
The river Drôme forms the western and north-western borders of the commune as it flows north-east to eventually join the ocean at Port-en-Bessin-Huppain. The Ruisseau de la Commune flows from the west to join the Drome in the commune. The Vesbire forms the south-eastern border of the commune as it flows south-west to join the Drôme.
Until 1521 the commune was the property of the lord of Aunay. The lordship of Balleroy was purchased by the Trextot family. Jean de Choisy, counselor, notary and secretary of the king, in turn bought the lordship of Balleroy as well as the lands of Cormolain, Montfiquet, and Vaubadon. He was the son of Jean de Choisy, intendant of Metz, knight, advisor to the king and the Duke of Orléans, Lord of Balleroy, Beaumont, Grandcamp, Léthanville, and Saint-Pierre and he founded the present chateau. He made the inhabitants near the chateau into vassals, forcing them to build their homes there.
In 1634 the Lord of Balleroy obtained the establishment of a weekly market (on Tuesday) and two fairs a year.
Quarterly: at 1 and 4 Azure, a saltire engrailed of Or cantoned with four roundels the same; at 2 and 3, Argent, three hearts of Gules.
The blazon of quarters 2 and 3 (hearts) is that of the de La Cour de Balleroy family (extinct), the former Marquises of Balleroy.
Balleroy is part of the Community of communes Intercom Balleroy Le Molay-Littry which includes 22 communes and has its seat in Le Molay-Littry.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 901 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Château de Balleroy (1626) was built by the architect François Mansart for Jean de Choisy, advisor to Louis XIII. Its French formal garden are by Henri Duchêne according to plans by André Le Nôtre. It remained in the Balleroy family until 1970. The village was built around the castle.
- The Château de Balleroy Park (1626)
- Chateau of Balleroy Picture Gallery
- The Parish Church of Saint-Martin Grounds (1650) are registered as an historical monument. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Framed Painting: The Alliance between Abimélek and Abraham (17th century)
- A Framed Painting: The descendant of Abraham (17th century)
- A Chalice with Paten (17th century)
- A Statue: Virgin and child (17th century)
- A Painting: The Annunciation (18th century)
- An Episcopal Cross (18th century)
- A Statue: Saint Martin (17th century)
- Church of Saint Martin Picture Gallery
Activities and events
Each year a gathering of hot air balloons took place at the Château de Balleroy. This gathering took place for the last time in 1999 when Malcolm Forbes, the chateau's owner, would have celebrated his 80th birthday.
Since 2007 in the face of demand from the public, the festival was again held at the end of June but this no longer happens in the castle. This was held by the village festival committee who organized a small gathering. The festivities are now held above the village at the stadium.
- Louis Charles d'Hervilly (1756-1795), Count of Hervilly, knight, Marquis of Leschelles, married Marie Louise Augustine La Cour de Balleroy (1758-1830) on 7 October 1778 at the Château de Balleroy which was the Château for his wife's family.
- Louis James, from an old Balleroy family (James from Lalande). He left to live in Auxerre (Yonne) where he founded the first modern department store in association with the local merchant Lesseré. As he was unmarried, he brought in a nephew (Achille) and niece (Hortense) to share in the very successful business: it was the time of "Bonheur des Dames" (Happiness of Women). The stores Soisson & James were transferred to Eurodif in 1970.
- Count Albert de Balleroy (1828-1872), MP for Calvados, painter specialising in hunting scenes, shared a studio on Rue Lavoisier in Paris with Édouard Manet
- Malcolm Forbes (1919-1990), American press billionaire, owner of the Chateau from 1970.
- Balleroy official blog (in French)
- Balleroy on Lion1906
- Balleroy on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Balleroy on the INSEE website (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Arrêté préfectoral 23 December 2015 (in French)
- Inhabitants of Calvados (in French)
- Google Maps
- Balleroy Communal Notice on the Cassini villages in the communes of today of the EHESS website (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Department of Calvados Annual, 1850, p.364
- The Mayor Denis Legrand wins election after the death of Yves Houel, Ouest-France (in French)
- The new Mayor Gilbert Montaigne presents his team, Ouest-France, (in French)
- National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111028 Chateau of Balleroy (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA14003351 Chateau of Balleroy Park (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111029 Church Grounds (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14001327 Framed Painting: The Alliance between Abimélek and Abraham (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14001326 Framed Painting: The descendant of Abraham (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000036 Chalice with Paten (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000035 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000034 Painting: The Annunciation (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000033 Episcopal Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000032 Statue: Saint Martin (in French)
- National Assembly website (in French)
- Albert de Balleroy Archive website
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