Ballingry (// ( listen) or locally // or (older) //); Scots: Ballingry, Bingry, Scottish Gaelic: Baile Iongrach) is a small town in Fife, Scotland. It is near the boundary with Perth and Kinross, north of Lochgelly. It has an estimated population (2004) of 5,740. The once separate villages of Ballingry, Lochore, Crosshill, and Glencraig are now somewhat joined together as the part of the Benarty area. Ballingry, along with its neighbour Lochgelly, is one of Fife's 'regeneration areas' and is classed as in need of regeneration economically and socially.
In 1160 the Parish of Ballingry and Auchterderran belonged to the Barony of Lochore. A church was built in the area to attend to the needs of the people. In 1561 Peter Watson was sent to minister to the people of Ballingry.
Rev Jamie obtained most facts from old Kirk Session Records, fourteen volumes in various sizes were discovered. These minutes go back to 1669. It is believed that Ballingry is one of the oldest Parishes in Scotland. 
It has a large primary school, Benarty Primary School, as well as a smaller Roman Catholic primary school, St Kenneth's, one of seven feeder schools to St. Columba's Roman Catholic High School in Dunfermline.
Opened in October 2012 to replace a number of facilities in Ballingry, Lochore and Crosshill, the Benarty Centre houses contains Fife Council offices, a library, childcare and catering facilities, a computer suite, gym, meeting room and cafe. Ballingry is also located very close to Lochore Meadows Country Park which includes the loch itself, as well as a large park for children, a canoe club and a 9-hole golf course. The village had its own junior football team, Ballingry Rovers FC which dissolved in late 2014 after 62 years, they played as part of the East Region Junior League.
The village has several shops, including Costcutters and a branch of Roswell Pharmacy, three pubs (The Craigie, Old Shank and the Cleik), a bookmakers, Chinese and Indian takeaways and two chip shops.
Stagecoach operates the 19, 19A, 19B services between Ballingry and Rosyth which run through Lochore, Crosshill, Glencraig, Lochgelly, Lumphinans, Cowdenbeath, Hill of Beath, Crossgates, Halbeath and Dunfermline, operating at up to every ten minutes on week days and Saturdays. The 34/34A service runs between Ballingry and Kirkcaldy and there is also the 20/20A which travels through the smaller streets between Ballingry and Lochgelly. The 81 service operates hourly between Queen Margaret Hospital in Dunfermline and Glenrothes, with stops in between in Cowdenbeath and Ballingry.
- Taylor, Simon; Gilbert Markus (2006). The Place-Names of Fife, Volume One. Shaun Tyas. p. 139. ISBN 1900289776.
- Scottish Mining Website (2013-08-26). "Ballingry Parish - Scottish Mining Website". Scottishmining.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
- "Fife Place-name Data :: Ballingry".
-  Archived 11 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Web Team (2012-03-13). "Ballingry (H) - A history of St.Serf's - Lochgelly & Benarty". History.stserfschurch.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "Ballingry". fifedirect. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
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- "New Benarty Centre opens its doors". fifedirect. 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Ballingry Rovers Football Club". Ballingryroversfc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "Stagecoach Bus". Stagecoach Bus. 2011-03-02. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "fifedirect - Bus service changes". Fife.gov.uk. 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "Stagecoach Bus". Stagecoach Bus. 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "National Rail Enquiries - Station Facilities for Lochgelly". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-19.