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Ballot measures differ from most legislation passed by representative democracies; ordinarily, an elected legislature develops and passes laws. Ballot measures, by contrast, are an example of direct democracy.
- Initiative, in which any citizen or organization may gather a predetermined number of signatures to qualify a measure for the ballot;
- Popular referendum, in which a predetermined number of signatures (typically lower than the number required for an initiative) qualifies a ballot measure repealing a specific act of the legislature;
- Legislative referral (a.k.a. "legislative referendum"), in which the legislature puts proposed legislation up for popular vote (either voluntarily or, in the case of a constitutional amendment as a required procedure).
- Recall election, in which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended
- Initiative & Referendum Institute (2013). What are ballot propositions, initiatives, and referendums? Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine. USC.
- Young, Jeffrey (2018-03-21). "In This Red State, Progressives Are Taking Matters Into Their Own Hands Amateur activists, sick of being ignored by the GOP, are fighting to cover the uninsured". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
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