Ballymote

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Ballymote
Baile an Mhóta
Town
Ballymote Castle
Ballymote Castle
Ballymote is located in Ireland
Ballymote
Ballymote
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 54°05′23″N 8°31′00″W / 54.0896°N 8.5167°W / 54.0896; -8.5167Coordinates: 54°05′23″N 8°31′00″W / 54.0896°N 8.5167°W / 54.0896; -8.5167
CountryIreland
ProvinceConnacht
CountyCounty Sligo
Elevation69 m (226 ft)
Population
 (2016)[2]
1,549
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Eircode routing key
F56
Telephone area code+353(0)71
Irish Grid ReferenceG662150

Ballymote (Irish: Baile an Mhóta, meaning 'town of the motte/mound') is a market town in southern County Sligo in the province of Connacht, in the north-west of Ireland. It lies in the barony of Corran.

The Norman Ballymote Castle dates from the 1300s and the Book of Ballymote was written in or near the town in the 1390s.

History[edit]

The origins of the settlement appear to have been derived from the 12th century Norman Castle,[3] though evidence of earlier settlement and farming in area from c. 1000 BC exists through the presence of ringforts, cairns, and archaeological remains.[4][5]

Ballymote was much affected by the disruption of the full conquest of Ireland by the English and Protestant settlers in the early modern period (1536–1691). Ballymote was ravaged several times in the 16th century and finally burned to waste.[6] In 1608 King James I granted an estate encompassing the castle and area around the town to James Fullerton,[7] this was soon to pass to the Taaffes.[8] Following litigations, court action and a forced sale John Fitzmaurice (Lord Shelburne) bought the Ballymote estate in 1753.[9][a]

On coming to the Ballymote Shelburne found the land mostly uncultivated with the inhabitants, all Roman Catholic, making no attempt to manufacture goods but subsisting on herding cattle.[12][13] Shelburne made a start to establish Ballymote as a centre for the linen industry in County Sligo,[14] by provisioning cottages for protestant weavers and spinners brought in from Ulster.[12] Expansion was slow, and with Shelburne's death in 1761 his widow attempted to progress his project through managers, expanding from 20 to 60 looms.[15] In 1774 the younger son, Thomas Fitzmaurice, after studying the linen business, began the modern expansion of the town, with the construction of a bleach mill, workers houses,[4] and Earlsfield House, a residence for himself.[11] In 1776 it was noted that Fitzmaurice had invited architect James Paine to plan a redevelopment of the town with a new street layout, a market house and other associated houses. No records exist of Paine's plans, and it is not clear if his designs were implemented.[16] By 1799, it was recorded that most of the inhabitants of Ballymote were weavers. Linen production peaked in the period from 1815 to 1820, but went into steep decline by the 1840s.[17] Within the history of planned industrial settlements centred around the linen industry in Ireland, this was one of the later attempts[18] with the manufacturing of linen in the town ultimately abandoned.[19]

In 1833, the ownership of the town was transferred from the Fitzmaurices to the Gore-Booth family of Lissadell,[20] who has established a corn mill in the town in 1795.[21] In 1837 the town consisted of 140 houses on a single main street at the junction of six roads, and was owned by Robert Gore-Booth.[3] A map from 1847 shows the core layout of the current town established.[4]

Annalistic references[edit]

From the Annals of the Four Masters:

  • M1300.3.The castle of Ath-Cliath-an-Chorainn (i.e.of Ballymote) was commenced by the Earl.
  • M1317.5.The castle of Ath-cliath an Chorainn (i.e. of Ballymote) was demolished.

Geography[edit]

Ballymote lies 24km south-west of Sligo Town and 193km west from Dublin.

Demography[edit]

In 1900 Ballymote had a population of 1,145,[22] compared to 1,549 in 2016. [2]

Economy[edit]

In addition to shops and other services, there are factories just outside Ballymote at Ballybrennan, and a small business park at Carrownanty on the R296 Road to Tobercurry.[23][24] There is a livestock mart and a microbrewery.[25][26] The wider area is mainly agricultural,[4] with many people commuting to Carrick on Shannon and Sligo town for work.[27]

Sport[edit]

A number of sports are played in the town, including Gaelic football and athletics at Corran Park and soccer at Brother Walfrid Memorial Park. The town had had a nine-hole golf course on the outskirts of the town since 1943 (though some claim 1930s), which relocated c. 1993. and which closed in 2019 as financially unviable with dwindling membership.[28][29]

Heritage and culture[edit]

The Ballymote Heritage Group was founded on 30 May 1984. At the bank holiday at the beginning of August they organise a heritage weekend with a variety of events and an annual publication, The Corran Herald.[30][31]

The Irish Raptor Research Centre near Templehouse Lough was originally set up for research purposes but since 2003 demonstrates the fun and educational Eagles Flying Show as well.[32]

A children's playground has been created at Town Park. A miniature railway has been in operation there on some summer weekends.[33]

Landmarks[edit]

Buildings[edit]

It is a historic town, with Ballymote Castle, the last and the mightiest of the Norman castles in Connacht.[34] This castle, dating from 1300, was built by Richard de Burgh. It also has a Market House, a three-bay, two-story building formerly used by the South Sligo Adult Community Mental Health team of the Health Service Executive.

There has been a library in the town since 1949; originally run from the Loftus Hall, it was relocated to the former courthouse in 1984 before moving in 2011 to its current location on Teeling Street.[35]

September 11 memorial[edit]

Ireland's National Monument to Fighting 69th in Ballymote

The then Mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg, unveiled Ireland's national monument to the 69th Infantry Regiment (aka The Fighting 69th) and Michael Corcoran in Ballymote on 22 August 2006. At the foot of the monument is a piece of steel from the World Trade Center in New York, which was attacked on September 11, 2001. The steel was donated by the family of a local man who died in the attack.

Transport[edit]

Ballymote lies on regional roads R293, R295 and R296, and on the main Dublin to Sligo railway line. Ballymote railway station opened on 3 December 1862.[36]

The town is also served by Ireland West Airport that is located approximately 30 minutes away.

People[edit]

Commemorative sculpture of Brother Walfrid

Some well-known people from Ballymote and the surrounding areas include:

See also[edit]

Lord Edward Street, Ballymote

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other sources note Shelburne bringing in weavers from 1849,[10] while Chambers states Shelburne bought the estate in 1745.[11]
  2. ^ Habsburg has been commonly and incorrectly spelled Hapsburg in many sources

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ D'Imperio 2014.
  2. ^ a b CSO 2016.
  3. ^ a b Lewis 1837b.
  4. ^ a b c d Development Planning Unit 2012, p. 3.
  5. ^ Preston 1985, p. 4.
  6. ^ O'Rorke 1900, p. 160.
  7. ^ O'Rorke 1900, p. 161.
  8. ^ O'Rorke 1900, p. 161–162.
  9. ^ O'Rorke 1900, p. 166–167.
  10. ^ Lewis & 1837M.
  11. ^ a b Chambers 2018, p. 13.
  12. ^ a b Lewis 1837m.
  13. ^ Young 1887, p. 66.
  14. ^ Coleman 2013, pp. 24–29.
  15. ^ Young 1887, pp. 66−67.
  16. ^ "Paine, James". Dictionary of Irish Architects. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  17. ^ O'Rourke, Felim (8 January 2008). "When Sligo had 3 markets - for butter, linen and corn". Irish Independent. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  18. ^ Atlas of the Irish rural landscape, F. H. A. Aalen, Kevin Whelan, Matthew Stout, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, ISBN 0-8020-4294-5, OCLC 39672233CS1 maint: others (link)
  19. ^ Darley 1975, p. 149.
  20. ^ Chambers 2018, pp. 13–15.
  21. ^ Keaney 2010.
  22. ^ "Description of County Sligo from Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland (1900)". Library Ireland. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
  23. ^ Ballymote-Tobercurry, Municipal District (28 November 2016). "Minutes of the meeting of the Municipal District of Ballymote-Tobercurry" (PDF). Sligo County Council. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Ballymote Business Park could create 200 new jobs". The independent.
  25. ^ "Focus on Ballymote Mart Day in our Rural Life Feature". The Sligo Champion. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  26. ^ "The White Hag Brewery". The White Hag. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  27. ^ Development Planning Unit 2012, p. 28.
  28. ^ "Ballymote Golf Club". Discover Ireland. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Ballymote Golf Club closes down". 9 August 2019.
  30. ^ "Welcome to Ballymote Heritage Sligo". Ballymote Heritage Group. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  31. ^ "The Corran Herald Previous Issues". Ballymote Heritage Group. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  32. ^ "About Us". Eagles Flying. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  33. ^ "Council urged to help get Ballymote mini-train back on track". Sligo Champion. 16 July 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  34. ^ "Ballymote Castle". Irelandseye.com. Retrieved 28 May 2007.
  35. ^ BHG 2011, p. 77.
  36. ^ "Ballymote station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2007.
  37. ^ "Tour 2 - Paddy Killoran, 1904-1965 (P)". Coleman Country. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  38. ^ McKay, Susan (2004) [1998]. Sophia's Story. Gill & McMillan. ISBN 978-0717137923.

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]