Ballynacargy

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Ballynacargy

Baile na Carraige
Village
Ballynacargy
Ballynacargy
Ballynacargy is located in Ireland
Ballynacargy
Ballynacargy
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°34′58″N 7°32′14″W / 53.5827°N 7.5372°W / 53.5827; -7.5372Coordinates: 53°34′58″N 7°32′14″W / 53.5827°N 7.5372°W / 53.5827; -7.5372
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Westmeath
Government
 • Dáil ÉireannLongford–Westmeath
Area
 • Total0.372 km2 (0.144 sq mi)
Population
(2016)[1]
 • Total277
 • Density740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))

Ballynacargy, or Ballinacarrigy, (Irish: Baile na Carraige) is a small village in County Westmeath, Ireland on the Royal Canal and the R393 regional road. The last official commercial navigation of the canal took place in 1955.

Public transport[edit]

Bus Éireann route 448 provides a link to Mullingar on Fridays only departing at 10.15 and returning from Mullingar at 13.30. The nearest railway station is Mullingar railway station approximately 15 kilometres distant. Until the evening of 24 August 2013 Bus Éireann route 118 (Dublin-Mullingar-Longford) served Ballynacargy on Saturdays only allowing passengers to travel into Longford for a few hours.[2][3]

History[edit]

Ballynacargy is thought to have been largely established in the mid 18th century by the Malone family of Baronstown, who intended to create a linen industry in the area. While the linen trade failed to thrive, the village gained a harbour on the Royal Canal which opened in 1817, and developed as a market serving the surrounding district. However, the origins of the village go back much further, and its immediate area includes some of the most important historical and archaeological sites in Westmeath. The first recorded reference dates from 1537 after the dissolution of the nearby monastery at Tristernagh Abbey.

Kilbixy[edit]

It is thought that the village of Ballynacargy initially grew as a result of the decline of nearby Kilbixy, an important town in Meath 500 years ago.

Kilbixy (from the Irish Cill Bigsighe) developed around an early Christian church reputedly founded by Saint Bigseach, a handmaiden of Saint Brigid whose feast day was celebrated on June 28 and October 4. A castle was built here by Walter de Lacy in 1192, following which a Norman settlement grew up and was granted Borough rights. Kilbixy was said to have once had twelve burgesses and a mayor,[4] along with the castle, church, a market and a dock on the shore of Lough Iron, but declined and was deserted during the 15th century after being repeatedly attacked and burned, first in 1430 by Owen O'Neill, King of Tyrone, and then by the locally powerful Geoghegan family.[5] By the 17th century only a few ruins remained of the former town. Despite the town's disappearance, the parish still bears the name of Kilbixy.

The Church of Ireland parish church, dedicated to St Bigseach, is located within the former area of Kilbixy town itself, in Baronstown Demesne townland to the north of Ballynacargy village. It was built, probably on the same site as Kilbixy's original church, in 1798 to the designs of James Wyatt, one of the greatest architects of the time: the area around it remains one of the best-preserved examples of a deserted medieval borough in Ireland.[6] In 1980 a 7th-century stone was discovered in the circular churchyard, showing it to have been a very early foundation.[7] The 1798 church was funded by Richard Malone, 1st Baron Sunderlin, and is a good example of a church of the period sited to provide a picturesque landscape view from the local big house.[8] Lord Sunderlin also built a large mausoleum next to the church: Sunderlin's brother, the celebrated Shakespearean scholar Edmond Malone, is also buried there. In the 19th century, St Bigseach's churchyard still remained a favoured place of interment for local Catholic families, as well as Anglicans.[9] There is a holy well, Tobar Bigsighe ("the well of Bigseach") nearby.

Templecross[edit]

Northeast of the village in the townland of Tristernagh Demesne are the ruins of Templecross Church, from where the ruins of Tristernagh Abbey are visible. Templecross is probably late-medieval in date, with a west tower built in c. 1575.[10] Within the church is the tomb of the landowner Henry Piers (1568-1623), who after embracing Catholicism and travelling widely in Europe, restored the Abbey buildings and church: at the tomb's foot was a memorial to Gerald Farrell and his wife Elizabeth, who had been foster parents of Sir Henry Piers, 1st Baronet.[11] By the late 17th century the building had been converted to a Protestant church, as the main church at Kilbixy was then derelict. Templecross churchyard contains a number of historic monuments: there are several to 19th century Catholic priests who served Ballinacargy,[10] including the Rev. John Cantwell, PP, who was well known locally for his work with the poor and his promotion of education.[12] The base of an early stone cross is also located in the churchyard. A lane known locally as Bóithrín na marbh ("little road of the dead") once ran from the north side of the churchyard to Ballynacroghy or Gallowstown townland.[13]

Tristernagh Abbey[edit]

The abbey, also known as the Priory of Kilbixy, was founded in 1192 by Geoffrey de Constantine. Attached to the monastery was a leper hospital, a rarity by that time. An Augustinian priory, the abbey achieved some fame from its establishment until 1536 when the commissioners of the English King Henry VIII ransacked and destroyed it.

Notable people[edit]

  • Michael Duggan (1827-1888). Emigrated to Argentina in 1859 and made a vast fortune as a sheep farmer: at the time of his death he was thought to be the richest Irishman in the world.[14]
  • Joe Dolan (16 October 1939 – 26 December 2007) was an Irish entertainer, recording artiste, and pop singer. Chiefly known in Ireland for his association with showbands and for his innovative style and high pitched singing voice, he had a wide appeal with many international fans. His energetic and charismatic stage performances were well known as was his long standing advertising slogan: "There's no show like a Joe show". A 540-metre bridge was named after him: the Joe Dolan Bridge in Mullingar, opened officially 6 September 2010. There is also a statue of Dolan in his hometown of Mullingar.
  • Robert Troy, Politician and Member of Dáil Éireann since 2011 as a representative of the Fianna Fáil party.
  • Willie Penrose, Politician and member of Dáil Éireann since 1992 as a representative of the Labour Party.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Central Statistics Office. Retrieved: 2017-07-23.
  2. ^ http://buseireann.ie/news.php?id=1351&month=Aug
  3. ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/inner.php?id=247#Westmeath
  4. ^ Casey and Rowan The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster, p.346
  5. ^ Woods, Annals of Westmeath, 1907, p.290
  6. ^ St Bigseach's Church of Ireland, Buildings of Ireland
  7. ^ Ambitious Plans to Restore 5th century Kilbixy Church, 'Westmeath Examiner, 22-09-10
  8. ^ Howley, The Follies and Garden Buildings of Ireland, 2004, p.171
  9. ^ O'Hanlon, Lives of the Irish Saints, vol X, p.44
  10. ^ a b Templecross Church, County Westmeath, Buildings of Ireland
  11. ^ Association for Preservation of Memorials of the Dead, Ireland, Journal for 1901, Vol 5, 1, 119
  12. ^ Woods, 1907, p.311
  13. ^ Ballynacargy, National Folklore Collection, UCD
  14. ^ Sheehan, Worthies of Westmeath: A Biographical Dictionary with Brief Lives of Famous Westmeath People, 1987, p.36