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The reservoir is rectangular in shape, measuring 180 by 108 feet (55 by 33 m) and is 22 feet (6.7 m) tall. It is divided into two chambers by a 15-foot-6-inch (4.72 m) separating wall which supports a walkway. The reinforced concrete roof and park above are supported by concrete pillars spaced at 12 feet (3.7 m) intervals throughout both chambers.
Access to the reservoir is through the adjoining valve house which extends a further two storeys underground and housed pumping equipment in the lowest level.
The entire facility comprising the reservoir, valve house and remaining equipment is owned and maintained by Sydney Water.
Balmain reservoir was built in 1915 by the Metropolitan Board of Water Supply and Sewerage, Sydney, and was originally supplied with water by gravity from Potts Hill. The restoration of Gladstone Park and the erection of a bandstand was made a condition of construction of the reservoir. The facility was made redundant by the commissioning of Petersham Reservoir in 1965 and has remained disused ever since.
The neighbouring valve house was constructed in 1917 on the Booth Street frontage of the park and this, together with the footings of the bandstand, can still be seen today. Restoration work on the valve house earned a National Trust of Australia Heritage Award in 2006.
- Solling, M; Reynolds, P; Leichhardt: On the margins of the city, Allen & Unwin, 1997, ISBN 1-86448-408-X.
- Sydney Water - Heritage Assets; Balmain Reservoir (Covered) (WS 0006); Website  Accessed July 2006.
- NSW Heritage Office; Balmain Reservoir (Covered) (WS 0006); Website  Accessed July 2006.
- Metropolitan Board of Water Supply and Sewerage; Balmain Service Reservoir, Original site and contract plans; Date Unknown.
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