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Location of Balneário Camboriú
|Incorporated||July 20, 1964|
|• Mayor||Fabrício Oliveira (PSB)|
|• City||46 km2 (17.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||2,050.9/km2 (5,270.6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
Balneário Camboriú (Portuguese pronunciation: [bawneˈaɾju kɐ̃boɾiˈu]) is a major beach resort city in the Brazilian southern state of Santa Catarina. The city, with its steep hills dropping down to the sea, is popular amongst South Americans. The main ocean boulevard is called Avenida Atlântica (Atlantic Avenue). Balneário Camboriú is famous for the cable car which (uniquely in the world) links the city's central beach and the beach of Laranjeiras. The city is located 10 km (6.2 mi) south of the city of Itajaí, 96 km (60 mi) south of the city of Joinville, and 80 km (50 mi) north of the state capital, Florianópolis. The city has a population of 124,557 (2014 census office estimate), which swells to over one million in the summer.
In a story published in late February 2012 by Forbes magazine, about the ascent of electronic music in Brazil, Balneário Camboriú was presented as "the capital of e-music" in the country. According to Forbes, Balneário Camboriú is the home to the two best clubs in Brazil, the Warung club and the Green Valley club, which the publication claims to make up to $1.6 million per night. On 2012, the famous nightclub Space opened an affiliate in the city, the Space B. Camboriú. The city is also known by the nickname "Brazilian Dubai", due to its high number of skyscrapers and affluent tourists.
Nobody knows for sure what the city’s name means, but the most acceptable explanation, according to the city's archives, is “River filled with Snook (Robalo)”, which is a very common type of fish in this region. Ilha das Cabras (Goats' Island) is directly opposite the city and is too small for inhabitation but is lit at night. Sailings to nearby Laranjeiras Beach take place aboard 17th century-style pirate ships, going around the island before returning to Balneário Camboriú again. The city also has a statue similar to the Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) in Rio de Janeiro, called Cristo Luz, but the one in Balneário Camboriú has small differences: it is a little smaller than Redeemer and it portrays Jesus with a "broad-brimmed hat" like circle on his left shoulder, symbolizing the Sun, which houses a spotlight that shines out to the entire city. The Cristo Luz is lit at night, also having colorful lights in its body that changes periodically. Another common sight in the city are paragliders over the beach, alongside the tall buildings, from the gliderport in nearby Praia dos Amores, located 1 km (0.6 mi) to the north of the city. To the west the city is bordered by the Camboriú River, which meets the ocean at the southernmost limit of the central portion of the city, where the cable car (teleférico) mentioned above is located.
The first inhabitants of the region were the indigenous Tupi-Guaraní tribe. Settlement began in 1758 when a few families from Porto Belo were established at the site known as Our Lady of Bon Sucesso later called Barra. In 1836, Thomas came to the place Francisco Garcia and his family and some slaves hence the former name of Garcia by which the village was known. Baltasar Pinto Corrêa from the Azores was the first settler followed by groups of Germans in search of fertile land in the region who were coming from the valley of the Itajal and Blumenau. They founded the town of Bom Sucesso and the site of the church of Our Lady of Good Success. In 1848 it became a district of the city of Itajaí. In 1836, Thomas came to the place Francisco Garcia and his family and some slaves. Hence the former name of Garcia, which the village was known. In 1884 the town was detached from the city of Itajaí. In 1930, the privileged geographical location, it started phase of occupation of the region preferred by swimmers and, two years later, built the first hotel, at the confluence of the central and Atlantic avenues. In 1964, the district earned autonomy, to commune with the toponymy of Balneario de Camboriu, amended in 1979 to Balneario Camboriu.
There are two versions about the origin of toponymy Camboriu. One of popular origin, due to a sharp bend in the river near the mouth, says, when asked by someone looking for a person, the residents there said "Camba the river," word much used by fishermen in the region. The second version (and more acceptable) is the priest Raulin Reitz: maps and old indicate the name Rio Camboriu there before European settlement in the area of origin, the toponymy Camboriú comes from Tupi, formed by the agglutination of the words: Camboriu-u.
The region was originally colonized by settlers from the Azores, the majority of the population of Balneário Camboriú descends from Germans.
|Color / Race||%|
The district was created under the name of Praia de Camboriu, by law municipal No 18 of October 20, 1954, subject to the city of Camboriu.
In the context effect for the period from 1954 to 1958, the district of Praia de Camboriu figure in the city of Camboriu.
High category of municipality under the name of Balneario de Camboriu, by state law No 960 of April 8, 1964, dismembered of Camboriu. Sede no antigo distrito de Praia do Camboriú. Headquarters in the old district of Praia do Camboriú. Consists of the district headquarters. Installed on July 20, 1964.
The climate is considered mild and is the classification of Köppen Cfa type (mesothermic humid with hot summers). In summer, though hot, hardly ever reach the 40 °C, and its average is 25 °C. In winter, the average temperature is around 15 °C, but the minimum in the early morning cooler can attain values between 0 °C and 4 °C. The annual average is 19 °C. The climate is generally humid, with mean annual rainfall of 1,500 mm, with no defined dry season (the rainfall regime is typical of the humid subtropical type of climate). Possible floods and droughts hit the city, damaging its economy and population.
The temperature of sea water for this region of Balneario Camboriu ranges from 16 °C on average (in winter) to 24.4 °C on average (in summer), whereas in autumn and spring is around 21 °C The warmest months are: February and March are the two best months to enjoy the beach.
|Climate data for Balneário Camboriú|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||24.2
|Average low °C (°F)||19.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||186
|Source: World Meteorological Organization|
The main economic activity of the city is civil engineering. In the southern end of the city, there is a cable car at the Tourist Complex UNIPRAIAS that binds the central beach to the nearby Laranjeiras beach. There are many other beaches in the southern region of Balneario Camboriu, such as bamboos, Estaleiro, Estaleirinho, and Pinho beach which is the first officially designated nudist beach in Brazil. These beaches are linked by one road called Interpraias, up to the limits of the municipality of Itapema. Its economy is also facing overvalued real estate with an average of R$3,000/square meter. Balneario Camboriu is sought after by not only Brazilians but also tourists from Latin America, North America and some countries in Europe. Other prevalent forms of economic activity within the city are in trade and services industries. There are around 100 hotels, 350 buildings and 1,035 buildings for the upper and middle classes.
• Parque Unipraias (Unipraias Park) – A park including Mata Atlântica (Atlântica Woods) which are almost extinct, and gives an opportunity to watch ocean views.
• Cristo Luz – A monument up to 33 meters high (108 ft) at the very top of Morro da Cruz. Annexed is a tourist complex with restaurants, stores, live shows and kid playgrounds.
• Parque Cyro Gevaerd (also known as Santur) – It houses birds, an aquarium, an Archeologic and Oceanographic Museum, a Fishermen Museum and a Minifarm that show local species of both fauna and flora in its natural habitat. In the zoo, lions, tigers, monkeys, alligators and many other animals and some of the attractions.
• Capela de Santo Amaro (St. Amaro Chappel) – Built in 1810 with a mixture of whale oil and mortar, it was classified as a local Historical Patrimony in June 1998. It is located in Bairro da Barra neighborhood right in front of the Fishermen Plaza and the school of Arts.
• Parque Natural Municipal Raimundo Gonçalez Malta – Known previously as Parque Ecológico Rio Camboriú, it includes different types of local plants, with gardens suchs as Bromelia, Viveira da Mata Atlântica and São Francisco Garden. There are several echo trails, kid playgrounds and parking lots. It is located at the end of Angelina Street.
- Antunes, Anderson. "Forget The Bossa Nova, Brazil Is Now The Country Of Electronic Music". forbes.com.
- "Space B. Camboriú Discloses its first image". spaceibiza.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- "Correio do Povo - O portal de notícias dos gaúchos - Versão Impressa". www.correiodopovo.com.br. Archived from the original on 2018-02-23. Retrieved 2013-12-18.
- "Prefeitura Municipal de Balneário Camboriú - Arquivo Histórico". sc.gov.br. Archived from the original on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-27. Retrieved 2015-07-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Complexo Cristo Luz - Cristo Luz - Balneário Camboriú - Santa Catarina
- "World Weather Information Service - Baln Camboriu". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Balneário Camboriú.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balneário Camboriú.|