Balta, Shetland

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Balta, Shetland
Norse name Baltey
Meaning of name Old Norse for
Location
Balta, Shetland is located in Shetland
Balta, Shetland
Balta, Shetland
Balta shown within Shetland
OS grid reference HP661081
Physical geography
Island group Shetland
Area 80 ha (198 acres)
Area rank 162 [1]
Highest elevation 44 m (144 ft)
Political geography
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Shetland Islands
Demographics
Population 0
Lymphad3.svg
References [2][3][4][5]
Balta Island Lighthouse
South end of the isle of Balta - geograph.org.uk - 1357955.jpg
South end of the Isle of Balta and lighthouse
Coordinates 60°44′25″N 0°47′41″W / 60.740416°N 0.794599°W / 60.740416; -0.794599
Year first constructed 1895 (first)
Year first lit 2004 (current)
Automated 2004
Foundation concrete basement
Construction metal skeletal tower (curren)
concrete tower (first)
Tower shape square parallelepiped tower covered by aluminium panels with light on the top (current)
cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern (first)
Markings / pattern white tower
Height 6.5 metres (21 ft)
Focal height 17 metres (56 ft)
Light source solar power
Range white: 10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi)
red: 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) [6]
Characteristic Fl WR 10s.
Admiralty number A3828
NGA number 3524
ARLHS number SCO-014[7]

Balta (Old Norse: "Baltey"[5]) is an uninhabited island in Shetland, Scotland.

Geography[edit]

Balta lies off the east coast of Unst and Balta Sound. It has an area of 80 ha.

There is a natural arch on the eastern side of the island.

Balta Island Seafare and Skaw Smolts are the most northerly fish farm and fish hatchery in Britain.[8]

History[edit]

Historic remains on the island include the ruins of a broch and of a Norse chapel dedicated to Saint Sunniva. There are no census records of more recent inhabitation.[3]

John MacCulloch visited Balta in May 1820 to carry out the Trigonometrical Survey for the Ordnance Survey. Balta was the northernmost station of the zenith sector.[9]

Lighthouse[edit]

The Balta Light, at the southern tip of the island was one of the first concrete structures in Shetland. The lighthouse was designed by David Stevenson and built in 1895. It was demolished in 2003 and replaced by a small solar-powered light.[10]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. "Sheet 1 - Shetland Islands (Yell & Unst) - Ordnance Survey One-inch to the mile maps of Great Britain, Seventh Series, 1952-1961". National Library of Scotland. National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 2016-01-23. 
  5. ^ a b Anderson, Joseph (ed.) (1873) The Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. Edmonston and Douglas. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  6. ^ Balta Sound Light Lighthouses Explorer. Retrieved 30 May 2016
  7. ^ Balta Sound The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 May 2016
  8. ^ "Balta Island Seafare". Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-05. 
  9. ^ Derek Flinn (1981). "John MacCulloch, MD, FRS and his Geological Map of Scotland: His Years in the Ordnance. 1795–1826". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London (London: The Royal Society) 36: 91. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1981.0006. JSTOR 531659. 
  10. ^ Marter, Hans J. (10 November 2003). "Historic lighthouse to go". shetland-news.co.uk/Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

East cliffs of Balta
Muckle Head

Coordinates: 60°45′N 0°47′W / 60.750°N 0.783°W / 60.750; -0.783