Balta, Odessa Oblast
|City of regional significance|
The city view
|• City Head||Serhiy Mazur|
|• Total||22.97 km2 (8.87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||23 m (75 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code||+380 4866|
Balta (Ukrainian: Балта; Romanian: Balta) is a city in Odessa Oblast in south-western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Balta Raion (district), as well as a city of regional significance. Population: 18,993 (2015 est.) The city's population was 19,772 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.
Balta was first founded in 1797 out of a combination of three nearby towns; Yuzefhrad (Юзефград, Polish: Józefgród; until 1793 part of Poland), Yelensk (Еленськ), and Balta (Балта; until 1792 part of the Ottoman Empire). It is located in the historic Podolia region of Ukraine. According to the Russian census of 1897, with a population of 23,363 it was the fourth largest city of Podolia after Kamianets-Podilskyi, Uman and Vinnytsia. In 1900, the city's Jewish population numbered 13,235.
From 1924-1929, the city was the capital of the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. With the annexation of Bessarabia in 1940, Balta became a part of the Odessa Oblast of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. It was occupied by German and Romanian troops in 5 August 1941 and was became part of Transnistria Governorate in Kingdom of Romania till its liberation in 29 March 1944 by Red Army.
People from Balta
- Aryeh Altman, Israeli politician
- Aryeh Leib Schochet, Rabbi
- Yuly Aykhenvald, Ukrainian Jewish literary critic
- Zellig Harris, American linguist, mathematical syntactician, and methodologist of science
- Vsevolod Holubovych, Prime Minister of the Ukrainian People's Republic
- Grigori Panteleimonov, Russian sport shooter who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics
- Louis E. Stern (b. 08/27/1886 d. 01/11/1962) American International Lawyer, patron and friend of Chagall, Picasso, Klee and Miro, collection left to Philadelphia Museum of Art and Brooklyn Museum
- "Biographical reference". Balta City Council (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Balta (Odessa Oblast, Balta Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Про віднесення міста Балта Балтського району Одеської області до категорії міст обласного значення(in Ukrainian)
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- "Balta, Odessa Oblast, Balta Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Historical reference". Balta City Council (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Balta, Ukraine". JewishGen Locality Page. JewishGen. Retrieved 15 March 2013.